The Polish hunting spaniel is a smart, brave and balanced dog. Quadrupeds of this breed are not aggressive towards people, although they may show distrust of strangers, and at the same time they are friendly towards people they know. Patient and tolerant of familiar children. Sociable, they like being around a man, that’s why they are good companions on walks. If they receive the right dose of exercise and classes, they are calm and easy to do at home.
The main criterion for the selection of this breed was hunting utility typical of fledglers, i.e. spouting birds and retrieving them after a shot, also from the water. When the dog sniffs the bird, it crouches and slowly crawls towards it, then proclaims the hunter in jump and bark. Polish hunting spaniels are active and tireless in this work. They work perfectly even on difficult terrain and in water. They are resistant to demanding working conditions, both on land and in wetlands, in rushes, in mud and water.
These spaniels make a bark when an alien or unexpected change arrives, but they are not suitable for guard dogs. On the other hand, they work well in various activities using the nose, e.g. as hunting dogs or looking for specific smells. Due to their nice disposition, they can also be used in dogotherapy.
Training and education
Polish hunting spaniels are intelligent dogs that are easy to train. Even a novice owner can handle the raising of such a four-legged dog, provided that he puts some effort into it. Certain problems can be caused by the attitude of the spaniel on the smells of animals, especially if we are walking in the woods or fields, and we do not propose to the dog any interesting activity other than independent exploration of the area.
Despite the gentle and friendly disposition, these dogs can also be stubborn and have their ideas for solutions to various situations. This is a useful feature for a working dog, but it can cause problems in everyday life, especially if the dog is deprived of the movement and activity it needs. Then a bored dog can, for example, destroy objects at home or persistently bark.
Who is this race for?
This breed can be recommended to both hunters and people who simply like to spend time actively with their dog. However, it is not recommended for inactive people. It should not be forgotten that the Polish hunting spaniel is a working dog that needs free movement and mental tasks – preferably using the nose. If it is assured, it can be a great family dog.
Advantages and disadvantages
Polish hunting spaniel – what is it like? Learn its pros and cons!
- requires a lot of movement and attachment
- sometimes unruly
- hunting instinct makes it possible to chase birds
- gentle to people and animals
- quite easy to lay
- suitable for older children
- alert and perceptive
- willingly learns
- can play dog sports
This breed is so rare for now that there is no data on the occurrence of typical diseases or genetic problems. In general, they are healthy and resistant dogs, but you should bear in mind that long, hanging ears can be susceptible to infection, especially after swimming and soaking in water. It is best to systematically remove hair from the inside of the auricle and clean the external ear canal.
Polish hunting spaniel is not demanding in terms of nutrition. It can eat good quality dry or wet food or home-cooked food, properly supplemented. When feeding, especially with moist food, it is worth putting the dog on. snood, a type of chimney that prevents the ears from getting dirty in the bowl. Dogs working during intense training sessions can get high energy feeds.
During intensive molting, you can use specifics containing unsaturated fatty acids, biotin, zinc or selenium. The daily dose is best divided into two meals.
In terms of care, these spaniels are not too demanding. They dry moderately, usually twice a year, and need regular brushing. Particular attention is paid to the groin, armpits and ears, because it is there that smugles are most often formed. When this happens, gently separate them with your fingers and comb them (you can use a combing fluid). After a walk outside the city, we remove sticks, turnips and seeds from the hair.
As with all eeyore, regular ears are required. Hair from the inside should be pulled out for better ventilation. We bathe the dog as needed. It is worth remembering that these dogs love water and during walks they will not let go of any puddle, so after such a walk you have to either wait for the mud to crumble, or rinse the dog in the shower and dry thoroughly.
A Polish hunting spaniel should be combed at least once a week (especially longer hair on the ears and in other places where it forms a feather) with a brush. A metal comb with rotating teeth can also be useful. A furminator can be used to remove the undercoat and dead coat.
Polish hunting spaniel is a very young breed, the youngest of Polish breeds, which joined this group as the sixth, although the traditions of breeding hunting spaniels in our lands date back to earlier times. The creator of the breed is dr inż. Andrzej Krzywiński – naturalist from the Wild Animals Park prof. Benedykt Dybowski in Kadzidłów, hunter and judge of working dogs of hunting dogs, who also bred utility jagdterriers, dachshunds and laika.
Spaniels were not widely known in the Polish partitions divided at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Some imports were in the hands of the aristocracy, and of course, many of them were used for hunting. Mostly British spaniels were imported: springers, cockers, single sussexy, fieldy and norfolkki. They were working dogs, not show dogs. Few French spaniels (epagneul) were also imported. Because the spaniels were scarce, they were not usually kept clean, but different spaniels were combined, paying attention to their performance.
In the early 1980s, there were few hunting spaniels of the former type in Poland. Dr. Krzywiński met them in the areas of the former Eastern Borderlands, where he traveled for scientific purposes, but also took part in hunting. Seeing the great work of these dogs, he became interested in them and decided to start breeding utility spaniels.
The „founder” of the breed was Pestka, whose excellent utility characteristics determined the breeding of the breed in Kadzidłów. She gave the first litter of modern breeding of Polish hunting spaniels. Her puppies were in the hands of hunters, who only selected dogs that were tested for practical use. Then more dogs joined in breeding, also selected for their usefulness in hunting. The pit was a brown bitch with sifting and this color became the dominant in the breeding stock. This color has excellent masking properties.
Polish hunting spaniel in Poland
On January 1, 2017, the Kennel Club in Poland opened an introductory book for this breed, while allowing it to participate in exhibitions as an unrecognized breed. Currently, it seems that interest in this breed is gradually increasing, although in general it is still little known outside the hunters and cynology lovers environment.
Polish hunting spaniel – group VIII FCI, section 2, reference number – none (temporary reference)
During the III Hunting Dogs Festival, which took place on October 8, 2016 in Spała, zoomometric measurements of about 30 adults of Polish hunting spaniels were carried out. Measurements have shown that the breed is even. In 2017, the registered population had about 250 living individuals.