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Is your dog too skinny? Check how to know it!

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Is your dog too skinny? Check how to know it!


Overweight and obesity are more and more common problems not only for people, but also for pets. However, excessive exhaustion is also a threat to our pooch’s health! Unfortunately, among so many overweight dogs, almost every dog ​​with a healthy body weight will look thin … How can you tell if your dog is really too thin?

Is your dog too skinny?

Caregivers of purebred dogs who want to check if their dog is too thin have a much easier task. Not only can they compare the appearance of their quadruped with other pets of the same breed. Also, the standard determines the perfect build, proportions, and sometimes even the weight of a purebred pooch. However, they also have to remember that each pooch is different – in assessing the physical condition, an individual approach is most important! Both among purebred dogs and mongrels, there are dogs that are naturally thin (for example, greyhounds and their crossbreeds) and heavier built, whose silhouette will never be light and slender.

The best way to assess the condition of your pet is to take it for a checkup to the vet or a canine nutritionist. A skilled specialist will quickly determine whether our client has a healthy figure. However, in many cases, the help of an expert is not needed at all. What should we pay attention to when checking if our pet is in perfect condition?

How do you know a dog with the correct weight?

Well-felt ribs do not necessarily mean that our dog is too thin. Putting your hand to your pet’s side at the elbow level, you should feel the delicate depressions between the individual ribs. However, they should not be covered only with a thin layer of skin or be clearly visible. In a slim dog, the shoulder blades, spine and pelvis must be just as subtly perceptible, but not visible. Looking at the pooch from the side, we should see a clear tuck-up of the belly, and the animal seen from above should have a slight narrowing behind the ribs and resemble an hourglass. Such a structure can protect our pet against many diseases (diabetes, joint degeneration, heart diseases) and ensure a long healthy life!

When is a dog too thin?

The ribs and pelvis visible to the naked eye, thin skin and sunken eyes prove that the dog we see is far too thin. Malnutrition may also be accompanied by sadness, lack of strength for any activity and apathy. This condition does not always mean that your pet is getting too little food. Sudden weight loss can be associated with many diseases, such as pancreatic insufficiency, severe worming or various cancers. Therefore, if we notice that our pooch suddenly becomes bony, we should immediately go to the vet with him!

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

Dog breeds that need to be clothed

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Dog breeds that need to be clothed


Many people wonder if dog clothes are a fad of keepers. Well no. Some dog breeds have to wear clothes on colder days. A certain Rambo, a French bulldog, was constantly being attacked by other dogs. Rambo’s guardian asked for help from a well-known dog behaviorist, Jacek Gałuszko. “From around the corner of the building came a small doggy from afar, panting heavily, resembling a mutated creature from a horror movie. As he tugged his mistress on a leash and grunted, he stepped closer, his bulging, bloodshot eyes filling the frightening picture. The black body (…) was tightly girdled with a cocoon in black and yellow. On the head there was a diadem from which protruded yellow antennae ending with balls. When the dog was moving, these balls jumped to the rhythm of his steps, and the animal gave the impression that it was a huge bee twitching in some crazy mating dance ”- this is how Jacek Gałuszka once described his first meeting with Rambo in our pages.

He immediately asked to remove the dog’s weird garment, which acted on the other dogs like a blanket for a bull. The „therapy” had an immediate effect. The freed Rambo finally felt like a dog. This is an exaggerated situation, but should give food for thought for fans of dressing dogs solely to emphasize their beauty.

Dog breeds that need to be clothed

However, there are dog breeds that, for various reasons, should be protected against rain or frost and therefore have to wear clothes. The most common colds are miniature dogs, pets with a short coat without an undercoat, those with a slender body like greyhounds that have too little body fat, as well as puppies, elderly and sick dogs. If we find that a garment is necessary, the dog’s comfort should be the most important factor in choosing one. Be it a jumpsuit or a sweater, they should not restrict movement, especially when disposing of. Covering the tail, an important element of body language, can also mislead people.

We should also remember that today’s pets do not have the same resistance as their wild ancestors, so it is not difficult to catch a cold after leaving a warm home to the frost. For many short-haired breeds, a warm back rug is enough. Sometimes long-haired dogs are also dressed in suits with legs, and they love to play in the snow, which sticks to the hair and forms heavy balls. The final reason to dress dogs is for aesthetic reasons. Well, if all other conditions are met, whoever wants to put on a bandana, a clip, a bow tie or a diamond collar. And he can even match the dog’s outfit to his outfit, keeping the latest fashion trends. If long walks and having fun together are the priority, the dog will certainly agree.

Basenji

A very nice dog with a feline character. Sam takes care of his toilet, licking his entire body. Cheerful and curious, like a cat, it likes to lie high to see what is going on around it and soak up the sun. He yawns, making a meowing noise. Very sensitive and attached to his family, he does not tolerate loneliness very well. He is intelligent, but independent and stubborn.

He likes to demonstrate his own opinion, which is why it is not easy to put it together, but he will remember the learned exercises forever. It does not bark because its vocal cords are not properly developed. It makes characteristic sounds, the so-called yodel. He likes to paint in the snow, but cold and damp are not for him. His wardrobe must not be complete without a tasteful sweater or a quilted jacket.

Basenji
photo: Shutterstock
  • Size: medium dog, 40-43 cm
  • Ointment: uniformly black with white, red with white, black and tan, white with tan markings
  • Length of life: 13-16 years
  • Maintenance costs: PLN 200-300 per month
  • Price of a dog with FCI pedigree: 3000-6000 PLN
  • Place of Origin: Central Africa

Read more about this breed – CLICK!

Italian Greyhound

Dog breeds that must walk in clothes Agile and fast, running speeds of up to 50 km / h. He has to run, but a backyard garden is enough for him. A sociable pet, loves to laze around. He loves all household members, expects love and closeness. Left alone for longer, he howls with longing. He is cheerful and always ready to play with his family. Due to its delicate body structure, it is not recommended for families with young children.

Although it is small, it will work well in dogtrekking or coursing, i.e. chasing an artificial hare. It has soft and short hair with no undercoat and hardly shedding. A walk in the cold will be pleasant for him, provided he gets the right clothes. On rainy days, however, it may refuse to leave the house because it hates moisture.

  • Size: small dog, 32-38 cm
  • Ointment: uniformly black, gray, blue or fawn (white only on the chest and feet)
  • Length of life: 15 years
  • Maintenance costs: around PLN 100 per month
  • Price of a dog with FCI pedigree: 2000-4500 PLN
  • Country of origin: Italy

Dalmatian

Harmonious silhouette and rare color: white with black or brown spots, make this dog arouse interest. He is full of vigor and joy in life. He will gladly discharge his inexhaustible energy by accompanying him in jogging, horse riding (dogs of this breed have a calming effect on horses) or cycling. It is a hunting dog, prone to chasing, endowed with a good sense of smell. When he feels the game, he may not respond to the call. He is very intelligent and stubborn.

Raising him requires exceptional patience and consistency. He is strongly attached to the family. It cannot be insulated, nor is it suitable for a playpen as it has a short coat and is sensitive to cold. In the wardrobe of a Dalmatian, a warm rug should be provided to protect the back and kidneys.

Dalmatian
photo: Shutterstock
  • Size: medium dog, 54-61 cm
  • Ointment: pure white with black or brown spots
  • Length of life: 12-13 years
  • Maintenance costs: 250-350 PLN per month
  • Price of a dog with FCI pedigree: 2500-3500 PLN
  • Country of origin: Croatia

Read more about this breed – CLICK!

Russian toy

A small body sometimes hides a swashbuckling character, but usually it is a joyful and nice dog created to make the life of a guardian with whom he is very close. Due to its beautiful appearance, it is classified as a canine aristocracy, but mainly its nature makes it a favorite of miniature dog lovers. He likes playing with children, but rather older ones, little ones can hurt him.

He mustn’t let anything go on his head. Without an undercoat, it is not resistant to cold and moisture. It is good for a small dog to get a nice sweater, cape or jacket, not only to make it more comfortable during walks, but also to emphasize its beauty. Toy has long paws and, although small, can walk a lot. He is in good health and often lives up to 17-18 years.

  • Size: very small dog, 20-28 cm
  • Ointment: tan – black, chestnut, blue; all shades of red
  • Length of life: 17-18 years
  • Maintenance costs: PLN 50-70 per month
  • Price of a dog with FCI pedigree: PLN 4,000-6,000
  • Country of origin: Russia

Yorkshire terrier

Full of vigor, cheerful. Although miniature, it is a flesh and blood dog, with a great spirit, which means that it often conflicts with large dogs. Watchful, perceptive, courageous, perfect, though noisy guardian. His strong hunting instincts can be directed to toys, which will come in handy during training. He loves his family very much, but being too indulgent can become unbearable.

Stubborn, sometimes wayward, he will understand your commands in no time, but will do as he pleases. His hair requires frequent, gentle combing. Yorkies are real canine staplers, they dictate the fashion for autumn raincoats or winter overalls that must be worn due to a tendency to colds. There are also bows, bow ties, tracksuits, shoes, and even diamond-studded collars in their wardrobe.

york in clothes
photo: Shutterstock
  • Size: small dog, approx. 25 cm
  • Ointment: dark steel-blue (cannot be blue-gray or silver), gold in certain places
  • Length of life: 15-16 years
  • Maintenance costs: about PLN 300 per month
  • Price of a dog with FCI pedigree: 1500-3500 PLN
  • Country of origin: Great Britain

Read more about this breed – CLICK!

Author: Paulina Król

Cranberry for the dog. Can a dog eat cranberries?

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Cranberry for the dog. Can a dog eat cranberries?


In human cuisine, cranberries come in many forms. Dried is an excellent snack and addition to cakes, and various cranberry preserves are perfect even for meat dishes. Is cranberry safe for your pet?

What does cranberry contain?

Cranberry is one of the healthiest of all fruits. Rich in vitamins C and E, carotene and numerous antioxidants, it supports the body’s natural immunity. Cranberry juice is recommended primarily for problems with the urinary system. It has strong antibacterial properties and acidifies urine, allowing the elimination of harmful bacteria from the bladder. These fruits also contain a lot of potassium, which regulates the work of the circulatory system, and bioflavonoids that counteract atherosclerosis. Thanks to its high antioxidant content, cranberries also help prevent cancer and speed up the treatment of flu. Can a domestic quadruped also benefit from these properties?

Can a dog eat cranberries?

Cranberries are not harmful to dogs. This fruit appears in many dry and wet dog foods. It is also a frequent addition to urinary system supplements and dog treats. The acidifying, antibacterial properties of cranberries make its presence in the diet of a quadruped an invaluable help in some diseases of the lower urinary tract, including cystitis or struvite stones. Cranberries should not be given to dogs with urine oxalate crystals. Therefore, if you want to support your pet’s treatment with cranberries, we should first consult a veterinarian.

Hardly any pooch will be tempted by such a sour snack. Home pets are more likely to enjoy the taste of dried cranberries. However, it must be remembered that it contains a huge dose of sugar and – sometimes – preservatives that are not recommended for dogs. Therefore, if you want to prepare your pooch’s home-made delicacies with cranberries, you should only use fresh fruit.

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

7 myths about canine health. Stop believing in them!

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7 myths about canine health. Stop believing in them!


Say honestly, hand on heart, how many myths about canine health you know and in which you believe. Below, we present the most frequently repeated untruths about our pupils. Stop believing in them today!

1. A warm nose always means illness

Not always. Usually, a cold and damp dog’s nose becomes warm and dry, for example during sleep, and after waking up, it takes about ten minutes to recover. So if, for example, a pooch greets us at the door when we return home and touches us with a warm nose, don’t worry – he must have been asleep a moment ago. To be sure, let’s check after a quarter of an hour whether the nose is already cool and moist.

2. The dog cannot get infected from us

There are diseases that we can catch from a dog and some that he can catch from us. The latter include, for example, mumps, tuberculosis and parasites. Whooping cough is also dangerous – the sticks that cause this disease in humans can lead to a dog (especially a young or older dog), for example, to kennel cough or pneumonia.

3. When the dog hurts something, it always squeaks

When it is injured, it will actually squeal. But when he has chronic pain, he tries not to show it. It is a remnant of wild life in a herd where the stronger always rule. So sick animals hide ailments. You can tell that something hurts them by the fact that they lie down in a different position than usual, they lose their appetite, want to go for a walk, they are sad.

4. The cleansing protects against ticks

There is no scientific evidence for this! On the contrary: veterinarians report numerous cases of the deadly tick-borne disease, babesiosis of these dogs, which the caretakers „secured” with a purge …

5. A cough is always a symptom of an infection

There are many causes for coughing in dogs, and they may not all be related to health. There is, for example, a leash cough which is caused by … pulling on a leash.

6. A bitch must have young once in her life „for health”

This is a very harmful myth that leads to the birth of unwanted puppies. Meanwhile, early sterilization can reduce the risk of some serious diseases, such as breast cancer.

7. After castration, every dog ​​gains weight

This only threatens if we let him become lazy. This is sometimes the case with country dogs walking alone, which after castration stop chasing bitches. But we go for walks with our dog and it depends on us how much exercise he will have. Let’s also buy him a less caloric feed for castrated dogs.

Unfortunately, there are many more myths about canine health. Which do you know?

Author: Dorota Jastrzębowska

How to prepare your dog for dogwalker walks?

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How to prepare your dog for dogwalker walks?


The prevailing pandemic around the world requires dog owners to seek help from other people. Especially people who are at risk of severe disease and those who are in quarantine should prepare their dog for a possible walk with a stranger or staying in a dog hotel. How to do it?

How to prepare a dog for a stay in a dog hotel?

A doggy who has to spend some time in a dog kennel for various reasons should have several skills. One of them is to be left alone at home, in a room or in a kennel. Four-legged friends who have learned to rest in the absence of a human, will accept much better not only the separation from their guardian, but also the moments that they will have to spend in a hotel stall or room. To teach your pet such independence, give him Kong toys and large teethers. They will be an excellent occupation for him, not requiring human attention. Dogs suffering from excessive attachment or separation anxiety may need longer work to accept solitude.

During their stay in a dog hotel, the pooch will also need basic commands such as „sit”, „stay” or „leave”. They will make it easier for the staff to care for the dog and ensure its safety. It is also extremely important to properly react to the name and recall, thanks to which it will be possible, for example, to recall the pet from among playing dogs and take it to the room to serve the meal.

A dog sent to a dog hotel should accept the presence and touch of other people as well as such procedures as combing or putting on a harness. If you plan to put your dog in the care of a hotel in the future, it is also worth working with him to defend resources and to greet the dogs calmly. If our pet shows any problems, we should inform the hotel staff about them at the beginning! Not every place has a staff that can handle the problematic pooch.

How to prepare a dog for a walk with a dogwalker?

The pooch handed over to a professional dogwalker must first of all accept strangers and not behave aggressively towards them. If our pet has such problems, we should teach him to wear a muzzle calmly, which will protect strangers and other dogs from an unpleasant accident.

If our dog is taught to pass other dogs calmly, basic commands and to walk on a loose leash, it will be much easier for us to find help in the event of our indisposition. Of course, many professionals will take a walk with such a pet and will be happy to teach it various skills, but the cost of such a service will be much higher. That’s why it’s worth teaching your dog good manners – it really pays off!

Inform the dogwalker who is taking our dog for a walk about any problems that your pet may cause. Also indicate the walking route that your pet likes the most (if you are in quarantine, you can send a map in the message). Walks with a stranger should be shorter at first. The point is not to let your pet get too stressed out by the new company. When he gains confidence in a dogwalker, he will be happy to go for a longer walk with him, and even visit new places. Inform the person walking the pooch about the treats your pooch likes the most and if he has any food allergies. Thanks to this, the pet will convince himself of the dogwalker faster and avoid stomach upsets.

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

Tips for dog lovers! How to teach a dog to be afraid of loneliness?

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Tips for dog lovers! How to teach a dog to be afraid of loneliness?


Polish Lowland Sheepdog breed Negra does not cause any problems on a daily basis. The bitch is happy, she likes to play with toys and you can’t see that she is already 9 years old. However, she does not like being left alone at home and protests loudly, howling and barking when her people are not around. How can I help her? How to teach a dog to be afraid of loneliness?

We definitely do not recommend this!

Punishment upon return
When you come home and see your dog is messed up, don’t yell at him. He will be afraid of you and will not recognize you as a punishment for what he did a few hours earlier. Besides, he did it out of stress.

Closing in a kennel cage
A dog that is afraid of being left alone cannot be locked in a cage for many hours. It will not solve the pooch’s problem with emotions, and it can even aggravate these problems.

Throwing the ball before going out
Before leaving home for work, let’s take your dog for a leisurely walk. Let him have a chance to sniff on it and calm down. Let’s not play fetch with him because it raises the level of adrenaline!

It is enough to go on a first-served Monday, in the morning hours, to any chosen neighborhood. When we listen hard, it’s easy to see that Negra’s problem is the problem of thousands of dogs who can’t come to terms with the fact that their family has gone out, leaving them to themselves. Some of them howl and bark (sometimes for 8 hours to the despair of the neighbors), some pee in the corners, and some bite objects (slippers, books) and destroy the home furnishings (often also the entrance door through which the guardian left).

How to make the dog sleep this lonely time? That he would not experience our absence so much? One thing we must establish at the outset – the dog behaves like this because it is difficult for him to control his emotions. He can’t cope with the situation and he doesn’t understand why he has been… abandoned. So let’s convince him that it is not so!

Why doesn’t he want to be alone?

Where does the loneliness problem in Negra and other dogs come from? Quadrupeds are social animals that experience the separation from their group very much. They feel like family members – that’s how we treat them – and they don’t want to part with this family. Additionally, the race factor is at work here. The Polish Lowland Sheepdog is focused on cooperation with humans. PONs would be most willing to accompany their guardian every minute of their lives and are ready to do anything for them. It is much harder for such dogs to understand that separation is sometimes necessary and should be endured with dignity.

It is much easier for dogs belonging to breeds trained in the past to work alone. For example, Tibetan mastiffs, which do not need to be trained to watch because they have them in their blood, see no problem in patrolling the area on their own. But let’s go back to our lonely Negra, much like companion dogs, retrievers, and more.

How to teach a dog to be afraid of loneliness? It will be useful to you!

Kong – it’s a rubber cone with a hole in the middle, into which we can put a pate or wet food, and the dog will lick it with delight. Price from PLN 25.

Something to record – phone, tablet, webcam. Anything that would allow us to observe the dog in our absence. It’s worth checking out!

Family or friends – irreplaceable to help in the first weeks of work with the dog. We can’t leave the pooch alone right away!

The olfactory mat – it’s a small rug with long fringes between which you hide flavors. The dog searches for them with his nose, which takes him a lot.

Getting bored …

To begin with, let’s consider what feelings are about Negra. Does it force caregivers to play and stroke them on a daily basis? Does he bark when he wants to get something? Or maybe she still needs new toys and activities because she gets bored quickly? And most importantly – when the owners go out to work, do they feel very stressed about it, or do they lie down and look sad, but do not care too much? In the latter case, it may be suspected that her howling and barking are symptoms of frustration and boredom. Then the solution will be a long walk before going out and leaving many toys while alone. The following will work: chewing ropes, antlers, congress filled with wet food. Additionally, it would be good if someone visited the female in the meantime and took it for a short walk. All this to stop boredom and allow the dog to rest afterwards.

… is he surviving?

The situation is a bit different, however, when the bitch does not leave her guardians every day, and when they are getting ready to leave, she panics, panting, squeaking, blocking the door with herself, and jumping. It is worth asking yourself: can she be left alone in a room other than people, behind closed doors? Does the home feel safe? Does he not protect the guardian from other people? Does she have a good relationship with him? Does it have all the needs, e.g. those related to getting to know new areas and contacts with dogs?

If he has such problems, he may show fear of being alone – the so-called separation anxiety. You then have to start with learning to be alone and practice when the household is at home. How? Leaving the dog in another room for a few minutes at first and then longer and longer. The dog hears sounds coming from outside the door and knows that they are all there. Move his lair to his room so that this place becomes his safe base. In the meantime, we tame the ritual of going out (putting on a jacket, hiding keys). Many times during the day we go out on the pretend (when the dog is locked in his room) and talk to him so that he knows we are all the time. Sometimes we clank with keys, sometimes we open and close the front door. All this to disenchant the sounds that cause stress in the dog. We also leave a lot of chewing and chewing toys as well as kong to lick.

Patience!

All this desensitization will only work if we do it gradually. Only when we are successful in the pretend exercises and the dog feels safe in his base, can we really start to leave the house for a few minutes. Negra should be in her room so she can’t see the owners leaving. During the first weeks of exercises, the caregivers will be able to go out for a few or several minutes. But not for work all day! This takes time and patience. Unfortunately, we are unable to explain to the dog: „Today we exercise because it is Sunday, but tomorrow you will be alone for 8 hours because it will be Monday.” Therefore, for the many weeks during which we are just teaching the dog to be alone, we need someone who will be with him all the time – at our home – or to whom we can lead him.

What else will make the separation easier?

How to teach a dog to be afraid of loneliness? We already know that Negra needs exercises in staying alone at home and learning to be calm in her home base, as well as working on emotions when she hears the sounds accompanying the leaving home. Leaving her alone, it is worth turning on the TV or radio so that she can hear the murmur of music and human voice. After returning (initially after a few minutes of absence), do not open the door to the room right away, but only when we are calm ourselves, and do not get excited that „the dog was waiting so nicely”. Make it something completely normal!

Walks and colleagues

It is not uncommon that problems with staying at home are such a dog’s cry for help. In this way, the dog tells us that we do not meet all his needs, including the need for social contact. Therefore, I would advise Negra’s keepers to take her every day for a long walk focused on sniffing and exploring new areas, and regularly meeting a few balanced dogs that she will like. These are not meant to be groups of alien dogs, but a few cool four-legged friends!

Author: Aleksandra Więcławska

Meet the most often mistaken dog breeds!

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Meet the most often mistaken dog breeds!


The variety of dog breeds can make you dizzy – small, medium, large, short-haired, long-haired, barking, calm, energetic, difficult to train. You could go on and on like that … Some of them are so similar that even dog lovers have a hard time telling them apart. In this article, we’ll cover the most commonly confused dog breeds and show you how to spot the differences between them.

1. Siberian husky and alaskan malamute

Husky and Alaskan Malamute are undoubtedly the most famous sled dogs. Both races resemble their ancestors – wolves. Therefore, according to the FCI classification, they were included in group 5 – Spitz and primitive breed dogs. Even though there are quite a few differences between them, many people have problems with distinguishing them. In fact, it can only be said at first (untrained) glance that husky and alaskan malamute are the same.

So what is the easiest way to distinguish between these races so as not to confuse them with each other? First of all, by size. The Alaskan malamute is larger and heavier. Another noticeable difference is the eyes. Husky’s irises are most often in a blue or greenish shade. Sometimes this breed also has eyes of various colors. On the other hand, the malamute has dark – brown or black – irises. The next most noticeable difference is the tail. In husky’s in relation to the body, it is in an upright position, while in malamute’s it is curled and is located just above his back.

2. German Shepherd and Belgian Malinois

German Shepherd and Belgian Malinois are dog breeds that are not only of similar size but also of similar color. In addition, to make it even more difficult to distinguish between the two races, they are often used for police work. Some say that the Malinois looks like an Old German Shepherd Dog.

What’s the easiest way to tell these races apart? First of all, after construction – the Belgian Malinois Shepherd Dog is slimmer, slender and lighter. Compared to the German Shepherd, the Malinois has a shorter coat.

3. Cairn terriers and norwich terriers

It can be really difficult to distinguish the Cairn Terrier from the Norwegian Terrier – both of these breeds are similar in size, with rough, short hair and pointed ears. Both breeds also have excellent hunting skills.

An easy way to tell them apart is by looking at the paws as well as the color of the coat. The Norwich terrier has shorter legs. The black and tan color also indicates the Norwegian breed. In turn, the cairn terrier has a single-color coat – cream, wheat, red red or gray.

4. Boston Terrier and French Bulldog

These two breeds of dogs, although they are only slightly similar to each other, are often confused with each other. However, if you combine a Boston Terrier and a French Bulldog at the same time, you shouldn’t have any problems to notice the differences between them.

The Boston Terrier and the French Bulldog can be best distinguished by their body shape and color. Bostons are slimmer and taller than bulldogs, which in turn are characterized by a more stocky build. We can most often see Bostons in the so-called seal coat.

5. Whippet and Italian Greyhound

I must admit that passing dogs of these breeds on the street, it is difficult to tell them apart. Both breeds belong to the same greyhound family. Their genes have undoubtedly crossed over the centuries.

So how do you distinguish these two races from each other? The biggest difference is the size – the whippet is larger than the Italian Greyhound. The fact is that both breeds can come in different colors. However, unlike the Italian Greyhound, the Whippet can have a brindle coat.

6. Lhasa apso and shih tzu

With these two breeds of dogs, it takes a really keen eye to see the difference between them. Many lhasa apso keepers must have heard from passersby more than once: „Is that a shih tzu?”

If you want to be sure you don’t make any blunders, take a look at the muzzle. If you look closely, you will notice that the Lhasa Apso has a slightly longer muzzle. This is one of the most obvious differences. Another way to distinguish the two breeds from each other is to stroke them. The hair of a shih tzu is soft and silky, while that of a lhasa apso it is rather hard.

Author: Magdalena Olesińska

It will be useful to you! Take care of your dog’s hair – do you know what to use?

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It will be useful to you! Take care of your dog's hair - do you know what to use?


How often do you brush your dog? Is it a pleasure for him – and you – or is it a chore? Take care of the dog’s hair already in the period of puppyhood and get used to grooming procedures from the very beginning, and reward for calm behavior. Convince yourself of regularity – just brush your dog for 10 minutes, but every week, so that his coat is not tangled and the skin can breathe! You may be surprised, but it’s not just about looks. A dog that has no knots or excess dead undercoat is warmer in winter and cooler in summer. What else?

We do it dry

In addition to combing the top layer of the coat (harder topcoat hair) and the undercoat (soft hair next to the skin; note – not all breeds have an undercoat!), Long-haired dogs can also be trimmed. It’s best to do this regularly every few months. For this you will need a dog clipper and … a lot of skills. Each breed is cut slightly differently, according to the so-called pattern. Wirehaired dogs are trimmed – a procedure that involves pulling out dead hair. If we are not experienced, let’s go – at least once to see how it’s done – trimming to the groomer (dog hairdresser).

We do it wet

While bathing, it’s a good idea to massage your dog and use your fingers to penetrate all layers of the coat. Thanks to this, everything that was not collected during combing will come out. A bath is a great way to fight shedding – a shampooed pooch spills less!

Take care of your dog’s hair – 3 things you should know

Once a week… Brush your dog. At least! You should do it more often during the molting period. But it’s a good habit because frequent brushing allows air to flow to the skin.

Once for three months… it is worth having a haircut or a trim if its hair requires it. You can do it yourself, but you need to have some experience. That’s why it’s easier to go to the dog’s hairdresser with your pet.

Once every six months… Bathe the dog prophylactically using a shampoo. And you can even less often! Washing with detergents too often may cause an allergy. If your dog gets dirty regularly, it is better to only wash it with water as long as it does not emit an unbearable odor.

Reliable vacuum cleaner

A type of comb with densely arranged teeth. Nothing can brush out dead hair like a furminator! It is available for short and long-haired dogs with a thick undercoat.

Box brush

It is useful for dogs with long hair. It combs the hair and collects the dead undercoat. The longer your pet’s hair, the longer the needles should be.

Author: Aleksandra Więcławska

New methods in dog training. Positive reinforcement is not enough!

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New methods in dog training. Positive reinforcement is not enough!


Fortunately, the times when dogs were trained using aversive methods are over. Increasingly, dog trainers use positive methods, and learning is to be based primarily on pleasure and be fun for the pooch. But that’s not all! Learn about new, proven methods in dog training that will guarantee you success in learning.

New methods in dog training

An empathetic approach to dogs and treating them like intelligent family members makes our relationship with pets stronger and stronger. Due to the growing sensitivity to the emotions of animals, dog training is also constantly evolving. New methods are still being developed, thanks to which the dogs cooperate more willingly with us. It turns out, however, that simply rewarding good behavior is not enough … Here are some of the latest trends in dog training. These methods are used by many of the best dog trainers!

Accepting treatments

Proper care for your pet unfortunately includes treatments that are not at all pleasant for the pet. Claw clipping, brushing, ear cleaning or a vet examination is something some poochs would like to avoid at all costs. Forcing a pet in such situations can not only damage our relationship. It will also sometimes result in aggression that a desperate pet can use in self-defense. Fortunately, many people are moving away from punishing dogs for such protests and looking for solutions that will allow their dogs to accept treatments without stress. One such method is medical training, where the key is to gradually get your dog used to different activities. Watching your pet’s reactions and not letting him get too stressed is the basis of this training!

Rewarding calmness

It may seem strange to praise a dog that is apparently doing nothing … But that’s the key to having a polite and balanced dog! Promoting calm behavior in dogs that cannot rest, are perpetually energized or require attention, rewarding them for sitting patiently or lying down on a bed, can help them calm down and prevent a lot of undesirable behavior. An important skill for any dog ​​is to focus on its handler. That is why it is worth praising and rewarding the dog not only for correctly performed commands. You can also do it for calmly walking by the leg, ignoring passing dogs or spontaneously making eye contact with us.

Satisfying needs

More and more people are realizing the importance of meeting a dog’s basic needs. A pet that is not allowed to snoop around on walks, play or rest will be frustrated and refuse to cooperate. Experienced trainers more and more often emphasize that it is worth starting training with a dog only after a walk. Thanks to this, the pooch will have the opportunity to do the most important things for himself. It is also unacceptable to starve the pet before training in order to force it to obey. Not only that – every pooch showing behavioral problems should first be thoroughly tested to exclude diseases that may affect his behavior. Thanks to this, we can avoid the risk of demanding something from a sick, sore pet.

Training for fun

In the past, dog training was aimed at teaching the pet immediate response to commands and absolute obedience. Now, training sessions are considered by many dog ​​handlers as great entertainment! Practicing fun tricks with your pet, rewarding your dog with joyful play and having a joint activity are a great way to form a strong bond with your pet. Many of these tricks will never be useful to a dog … But the fun of learning is the most important thing!

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

Cystitis in a dog. How to recognize and treat them?

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Cystitis in a dog. How to recognize and treat them?


This seemingly harmless ailment is a real nuisance not only for the dog, but also for its guardian. Fortunately, cystitis in a dog is relatively easy to diagnose and treat. Where does this disease come from and what can it be if we do not start treatment on time?

Cystitis in a dog – how does it manifest?

Anyone who has had cystitis at least once knows what it is associated with. Pain while urinating, the constant urge to go to the toilet and the problem of emptying the bladder can be extremely tedious and debilitating. Cystitis in a dog has very similar symptoms. The most common are:

  • urinating in small amounts, but very often
  • ache causing the dog’s posture to change while peeing
  • frequent licking crotch,
  • squeak or grunting while peeing
  • a very common need to go out a walk,
  • blood in urine or its foaming,
  • taking care of the house in dogs that have been trained to clean.

Holding the urine in for too long can rupture the bladder, which can even lead to the death of the pet. That is why it is so important to react quickly when the handler notices the above symptoms.

Where does cystitis in a dog come from?

Lower urinary tract infections can have many causes. Many of the cases are caused by bacteria or fungi that multiply in the bladder and urethra. Their development is favored by a decrease in the dog’s immunity, cooling down the body, frequent baths and long walks in the rain, after which the dog was not thoroughly dried. Cystitis is a disease that, due to its anatomical structure, affects females more often. It is also more common in older dogs, and if not treated properly, the inflammation often recurs. This ailment may also result from the presence of urinary crystals and stones, abnormal structure of the lower urinary tract, prostate enlargement in dogs, or vaginitis in bitches.

How to treat cystitis in dogs?

Untreated cystitis in a dog is not only a huge pain for the animal. This ailment can lead to serious complications. Holding urine for too long can rupture the bladder, and the bacteria that multiply can cause inflammation of the kidneys and their disappearance. Therefore, if we observe symptoms that indicate cystitis in a dog, we should go to the vet immediately.

Treatment of this ailment begins with diagnosing its cause. So the first step is to test your pet’s urine and see if any bacteria or urine crystals are present. For bacterial infections, treatment is to give the dog antibiotics for two weeks. If the cause is elsewhere, it may be necessary to undergo an abdominal ultrasound, switch to an anti-urinary diet, or even surgery. Additionally, a pooch suffering from cystitis may be prescribed painkillers, anti-inflammatory and relaxant medications that will relieve him and allow him to urinate normally.

Home remedies for cystitis in dogs

Applying various ointments, compresses and other home remedies often does not bring any results – it only prolongs the dog’s suffering and increases the risk of complications. A dog that is unable to pee should not be given diuretic herbs or water with meals as this can lead to bladder rupture. Additional water added to the food is recommended for dogs that have passed the first signs of cystitis and have no problems urinating. Drinking more water and passing urine will allow bacteria to be flushed out of the lower urinary tract more quickly.

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka