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CLUMBER SPANIEL – Dog breeds

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CLUMBER SPANIEL - Dog breeds


Nature

Clumber Spaniel is a dog with a phlegmatic disposition, full of inner peace and seriousness. It has strong bones and thick skin, this type of structure is called lymphatic. The most characteristic is the head of the clumber, with strongly marked eyebrows and foot (nasolabial fracture) and large, fleshy flanks.

Body composition determines a certain temperament. It is obvious that this dog will not be a volcano of energy, but it is also not a typical sandwiches. Dog of this breed without special problems will also adapt to a less active lifestyle – he spends a lot of time sleeping.

Three clumber spaniels lying on the dry grass
photo: Shutterstock

The good-natured word is probably best suited to describe the character of clumber. He is not aggressive towards people and animals. Very attached to the family, affectionate, perfect as a companion for children. In general, clumbery have a friendship for all people, although some individuals are wary of strangers.

Skills

Like other spaniels, he was bred primarily for hunting and has a great hunting passion to this day. His features – patience, endurance and perseverance in pursuit of the goal make it great for such a role.

Clumber Spaniel on the run
photo: Shutterstock

Despite the inherent calmness, clumber has a great need for activity. He likes long walks, combined with bushing in the thickets. He swims eagerly, retrieving from the water and land. Due to its heavy construction, it is not suitable for sports that require high speed and jumping, such as agility or flyball.

Training and education

Kept at home, he can be stubborn, which means problems with upbringing. This dog reacts badly to strength training. One should not expect from him blind obedience, but rather rational cooperation with man.

Portrait of a clumber spaniel
photo: Shutterstock

Who is this race for?

Clumbera can be recommended as a nice family companion for people who are moderately active and do not require absolute obedience from the dog.

Advantages and disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • stubborn
  • often burdened with dysplasia
  • strongly moults
  • some individuals drool

Advantages

  • calm and balanced
  • nice family companion
  • gentle to animals

Health

Heavy body build may also cause diseases, e.g. hip dysplasia. Therefore, a dog at a young age can not be overloaded with physical exertion; it should be kept in good condition, which ensures especially swimming.

The long spine means that dogs with problems of several years may experience disk problems. Quite often there are also problems with eyelids – entropy or ectropion.

Puppy clumber spaniel in the studio
photo: Shutterstock

nourishment

Clumbera can be fed both good quality ready-made food and self-made food.

Clumber spaniel at the trot
photo: Shutterstock

Care

Clumbery moult strongly, and some additionally profusely saliva. The dog should be combed once a week, more often during the molting period.

History

There are several theories about the origin of the clumber spaniel. One of them says that the breed was the result of a cross between a basset and a non-existent Alpine Spaniel. According to the second, clumbery are descendants of another extinct breed – Blenheim Spaniel. There is no doubt, however, that this breed, although now recognized as British, has French roots.

Clumber spaniel standing outdoors
photo: Shutterstock

The most common version is that these spaniels were secretly bred by the French aristocrat Duc de Noailles. After the outbreak of the French Revolution, to save his dogs, he gave the pack to Henry Clinton, a duke of Newcastle, who lived on the estate of Clumber Park. Hence the name of the breed. These dogs were extremely popular among the aristocracy, they were the pride of many British homes.

A clumber spaniel puppy chewing on a shoe
photo: Shutterstock

Excellent utility and exhibition individuals were bred by King Edward VII and his son Jerzy V. After the death of the latter in the mid-nineteenth century, the breed began to lose its importance. Hunters preferred faster, more agile spaniel breeds. Clumbery was only kept by their die-hard lovers. The renaissance of interest in the breed took place in the 1960s in North America. Still, it is rare.

Template

Clumber spaniel – group VIII FCI, section 2, reference number 109

  • Country of origin: Great Britain
  • Nature: calm, balanced, full of dignity, intelligent, persistent at work, stubborn, very gentle towards people and animals
  • Size: not specified in the template
  • Weight: ideal weight: dogs: 34 kg, bitches: 29.5 kg
  • Robe: silky hair, straight, adhering to the body, dense; on the limbs and chest forms a generous feather
  • Ointment: white with slight lemon or orange markings
  • Length of life: 12 years
  • Vulnerability to training: average; he may be stubborn, likes to have his own opinion
  • Activity: calm, very durable; he likes long, quiet walks, he is not a sprinter type
  • Maintenance costs: PLN 80-100 per month
  • Resistance / susceptibility to diseases: very resistant; hip dysplasia often occurs in the breed, there are problems with the spine and eyes (entropy and ectropion)
  • Possibility to buy a puppy: in Poland, litters are born sporadically

Interesting facts

It is thought that in addition to the blood of spaniels and bassetts, the clumber spaniel also has the blood of Bernardine.

Jumping. How is it different from agility? – Psy.pl

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Jumping. How is it different from agility? - Psy.pl


Competitions organized in accordance with the FCI regulations have been divided into two categories: agility and jumping. Jumping is in fact an agility track (psi obstacle course) without zonal obstacles (palisades, footbridges and swings), which are marked in color with the entry and exit zones. The dog must touch them with at least one paw.

Jumping track and speed

These obstacles always slow the dog down a bit. Therefore, the speeds achieved on the jumping track are usually higher than on the agility track with zonal obstacles and are 5 or even 6 m / s.

Contrary to what the name suggests, jumping is not just about jumping obstacles. We will also come across tunnels and slalom here.

Leo Messi and the dog! FC Barcelona’s striker showed him training with him

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Leo Messi and the dog! FC Barcelona's striker showed him training with him


Footballer’s wife Antonella Roccuzzo posted an Instagram video showing Leo Messi and the dog running in the backyard. However, this is not just running. Hulk, the dog de Bordeaux, who has been accompanying Messi and his family since 2016, plays the role of defender here, and Leo practices feats and dribbles with him. Just like on the pitch, he is of course reliable and copes with a four-legged opponent perfectly. Hacking through Hulk is not difficult for him, just like he is doing it with opponents on the field.

Leo Messi and the dog

When the video showing Leo Messi and the dog playing football was published on Instagram, Internet users, fans of the Argentine striker, immediately began to make far-reaching comparisons. The situation associated them with the duels that are taking place on the pitch Leo Messi and Real Madrid defender Sergio Ramos. So what do Internet users write?

– Messi vs Ramos.

– The dog is Sergio Ramos.

– What is Sergio Ramos doing here?

The garden games, in which Leo Messi and the dog take part, aroused great interest. Fortunately, Hulk does not look unhappy when he loses duels with his guardian, one of the greatest footballers in the world. Quite the opposite – it seems to be great fun, although probably with his bulky stature keeping up with FC Barcelona’s stars does not come easily. In the background you can hear the laughter of Messi’s children, so everyone is happy.

And Messi will definitely be ready for the first match, which this season will play with his team on August 18.

Author: Magdalena Ciszewska



RED AND WHITE IRISH SETTER – Dog breeds

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RED AND WHITE IRISH SETTER - Dog breeds


Nature

We usually associate Irish setters with a uniform mahogany color. Meanwhile, the red-white variety existed earlier. Although it is built a bit less nobly, it behaves more dignified than its red cousin.

By their stature and disposition, both Irish Setter races are very similar, although there are some differences between them. The red-and-white setter has preserved the older type of construction because it is bred mainly for work. It’s stronger and usually a bit lower. It has higher-set, wider and shorter ears and less abundant feather on the limbs and tail.

Irish red-and-white setter at a gallop
photo: Shutterstock

Setter gently treats all members of the domestic herd – not only people, but also pets (he gets along well with foreign dogs). Very patient with children, he is a great companion because he loves movement and fun. When he gets crazy, he’ll be happy to hug.

Skills

In relation to strangers, like all setters, he is very gentle, but he does not immediately show sympathy for every stranger. Thanks to this dose of distrust, he can also prove himself as a guard dog, although this is not his original calling.

His element is hunting – but that doesn’t stop him from living in the city if he has a large dose of movement and some mental activity.

Portrait of an Irish red and white setter
photo: Shutterstock

Training and education

When it comes to disposition, it’s just like a red-cousin full of joy of life and energy. However, he reacts less impulsively. Balanced, learns quickly and is easy to arrange – both as a hunting and companion dog.

Who is this race for?

Even a novice owner can handle the education of an Irish setter. It is important to give the dog a lot of movement and some mental activity and then he will be a great companion.

Advantages and disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • requires a lot of movement and attachment
  • he needs careful socialization, because he is distrustful of strangers
  • has a strong hunting instinct and can chase animals

Advantages

  • balanced
  • gentle to people and animals
  • good companion to children
  • easy to care for

Health

Setters must remember to regularly check their ears – especially after bathing – because the low-broken turbinate impairs ventilation, exposing the setter to infections and inflammation of the outer ear. There is also hip dysplasia. In addition, they are very healthy and resistant dogs.

Portrait of two Irish setters
photo: Shutterstock

nourishment

The Irish red and white setter has no particular nutritional requirements. It can be fed with ready-made food as well as home-made food.

Irish setter portrait
photo: Shutterstock

Care

Care for the setter is not a problem, because his coat is not rich. It is enough to brush it regularly to keep the coat shine. It is worth systematically shortening the hair at the bottom of the paws and between the fingers, even if the dog is not exposed.

History

Already in the seventeenth century in Ireland you could meet red and red-white setters. A hundred years later, spotted dogs were much more popular than uniformly red. In all old paintings depicting „tarantulas” – ancestors of setters and spaniels – quadrupeds appear in patches.

Profile portrait of an Irish setter
photo: Shutterstock

At the beginning of the second half of the 19th century Irish setters were shown at exhibitions. At that time, there were about the same number of representatives of both varieties. Gradually, however, red beauties began to displace spotted cousins.

At the end of the 19th century, red and white setters became so rare that they were thought to have become extinct. Few survived, however, in remote areas of Ireland. Some Irish hunters preferred these dogs because they were easier to see in the brush during hunting – and kept breeding them.

Irish red and white setter on the run
photo: Shutterstock

In 1944, a club was established in Ireland, whose goal was to preserve the red-and-white setter primarily as a working dog. Unfortunately, the race was still on the verge of extinction.

At the beginning of the 1970s, the Irish Kennel Club commissioned the Irish redhead (mahogany) club to oversee the reconstruction of the breed. The breeding base turned out to be so narrow that you had to resort to crosses with red setters. Slowly, the breed began to grow and gain a group of lovers not only in the homeland. The British cynological association recognized her in 1987, and FCI – in 1989.

Irish red and white setter in the meadow
photo: Shutterstock

Currently, the breed has supporters in various countries of Europe and the United States. They first came to Poland in 1998, and several litters were born with us.

Template

Irish red and white setter – group VII FCI, section 2, reference number 330

  • Country of origin: Ireland
  • Nature: dog friendly to strangers, although not effusive at once; excellent hunting dog – persistent and brave
  • Size: dogs 62-66 cm, bitches 57-61 cm
  • Weight: dogs 29-34 kg, bitches 25-29 kg
  • Robe: silky, half-long; forms a straight or slightly wavy feather on the ears, back of the extremities, neck, stomach and tail, on the other parts of the body quite short and close-fitting
  • Ointment: on a white background intensely red patches; admissible dropletiness (spotting) on ​​the head and limbs
  • Length of life: 12-16 years old
  • Vulnerability to training: large – intelligent dog and easy to position
  • Activity: needs a lot of daily movement and mental activities
  • Maintenance costs: PLN 150-200 per month
  • Resistance / susceptibility to diseases: very resistant
  • Possibility to buy a puppy: there are very few kennels in Poland, the puppy must be ordered in advance
  • Price of a dog with a pedigree: PLN 1,500

Interesting facts

The Irish red-and-white setter together with the mahogany cousin appeared on a postage stamp issued by the Irish post office at the beginning of the 20th century.

How to prepare a dog for Christmas time? Useful tips!

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How to prepare a dog for Christmas time? Useful tips!


Step by step Christmas is coming, followed by the New Year. Well, and before the New Year, New Year’s Eve party. Yes, this time begins, which is special for many people, but is it beautiful in the eyes of animals? How to prepare our four-legged friends well until the time full of guests, and later fireworks? How can Christmas be enjoyed by both parties? How to prepare a dog for Christmas time?

Pre-Christmas fever and dog rituals

Make sure you don’t disturb your dog’s daily rituals. Pre-Christmas solicitation can make you forget to give your pet food at the same time or take a walk when he always goes out. Plan well what you have to do, including in your pre-Christmas schedule what your four-legged friend is part of the day. Do not disturb him because he does not understand that „this is only during the holiday season.”

If you plan everything well in advance, your preparations for the celebration will be more peaceful. So write down, point by point, what you have to do and stick to it for your and your dog’s sake. Remember that disturbed rituals can cause unnecessary stress in your pet. And yet the holiday season itself can already be full of all sorts of emotions for him.

Is the house supposed to shine?

As you can read on many memes on the internet today, the Baby is coming for the holidays, not the sanctioner. Sometimes it is worth letting go. Especially when we have a dog at home. Let’s remember that our four-legged friend often lies on the floor or goes to the window to observe the world around him. So be very careful when using cleaning products. Many of them can sensitize a pet.

Maybe it is worth putting on natural apple cider vinegar and water and ventilating the house than succumbing to ads of fragrances. Of course, there are also special cleaning products that you can buy because they are made so that they do not threaten your pets. Note also when tuning an already cleaned house. Mistletoe fruits or other holiday plants can be dangerous for the dog.

How to prepare a dog for Christmas time? Guests, guests …

A house full of guests, older and younger, i.e. the Christmas buzz, is a lot of emotion for the pooches. It is worth making our guests aware of how to behave towards a pet from the very beginning. A responsible guardian will want to ensure the good attitude of his four-legged friend, without fear of explaining to the guests that the dog may perceive different behaviors of people differently. It is also worth emphasizing that the dog should not be fed like a holiday table, because many things can be bad for him. All this can even end with a visit to the vet on duty. Each of us knows our pet best. If we know that he had solid, good socialization and likes to surround himself with people, we will not be so worried about the fact that many guests will appear, although it is worth ensuring that the dog has a moment of peace when it signals such a need.

On the other hand, a dog that did not have adequate socialization, is fearful or over guarding its area, will not tolerate Christmas time and a house full of guests. It is worth working on certain behaviors earlier. However, this often requires a good course and a lot of time to make up for some socialization gaps.

Okay, but holidays are coming soon! And what now? You can dress the pooch in a special vest that will make him less fearful. It will also be useful on New Year’s Eve, if you know that your dog is also afraid of fireworks. You can also ask your vet about supplements that will mute him a bit. It is also worth ensuring that he has his quiet place off the beaten track, a little further away from guests, so that nobody disturbs him. Then guests should really respect the dog’s space, don’t force it or stroke it. The most watch out for small children who will come to visit, because it is often the most difficult for them to understand that the dog wants a moment of peace. Therefore, the dog’s guardian has to watch over it especially. It is also good that you go for a longer walk with the dog before the guests come.

the gentleman gives the dog a Christmas present
photo: Shutterstock

Time for details

Before Christmas, we also think about such details as beautiful Christmas decorations or clothing gadgets for a pooches. Let’s remember that the Christmas tree was properly secured and the decorations on it reasonably safe. If we know that the dog is not interested in a decorated Christmas tree, it’s good, but it’s still worth being vigilant. However, if our pet is very curious about what hangs on the Christmas tree and is willing to play near it, then we should avoid glass baubles, and ideally put the Christmas tree in a place that will be difficult to access for the pooch.

How to prepare a dog for Christmas time? If we want our pet to be nicely cut and smelling for Christmas, then let’s think about visiting the groomer much sooner, and not just before Christmas Eve. Queues can be large and it is worth considering. And if you want to take a pooch yourself, it is also worth doing it in advance so that the dog can dry well. Maybe instead of Christmas clothes you should invest in an address if your pooch doesn’t already have it? May it not be needed, but in the pre-New Year’s period it is often not known if someone somewhere suddenly will shoot fireworks that may scare the dog. As the saying goes: prudent always insured.

Ah, and a present for the dog! We want to make your dog happy with a special gift under the Christmas tree. And good. Let it be something special, but when choosing such a gift, let’s try to put yourself in the place of the dog. What will your pet enjoy the most? You know best yourself. However, we have one important hint here: and so the biggest gift you can give him on Christmas is that you will have more time for him. Your presence is for him the most valuable gift also on New Year’s Eve. This is his greatest happiness and sense of security.

Author: Agnieszka Czylok

SHORT Haired Dutch Sheepdog – Dog breeds

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SHORT Haired Dutch Sheepdog - Dog breeds


Nature

The Dutch Shepherd, like other shepherd dogs, has a strong sense of belonging to the herd. He is devoted to the whole family, but the most loyal to one person he chooses. He gets along well with children, if they are not too intrusive towards him. He also lives in harmony with pets.

Like his Belgian cousins, he reacts quickly to changes in the environment. It can bite a person who he thinks is a threat. Although active, the Dutch Shepherd is not as lively as the Belgian. He can live in the city – provided he is provided with movement and mental activities.

Dutch shepherd standing in the water
photo: Shutterstock

Skills

Like many of his cousins, the Dutch Shepherd was used for all kinds of work. He guarded and herd sheep and cattle, guarded his master’s belongings, often worked in difficult conditions. As a result, he became a versatile and resistant working dog.

His vigilance and courage make him a good watchman. He will not let a stranger enter the area and will welcome friendly people.

Portrait of a Dutch Shepherd
photo: Shutterstock

Training and education

The Dutchman is suitable for various types of training. In many countries, it is used in police and defense sports, such as IPO and Ring. Will also work in agility or sports obedience.

Portrait of a Dutch Shepherd
photo: Shutterstock

Who is this race for?

The Dutch Shepherd requires an experienced guide, because as a guard dog, it can be quite hard and independent. The representatives of the long-haired variety have a slightly milder character, but these dogs tend to be more shy and require particularly careful socialization.

Advantages and disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • requires a lot of movement and mental activity
  • has a fairly strong character and needs an experienced guide
  • requires careful socialization

Advantages

  • susceptible to training
  • suitable for dog sports
  • calmer than Belgian Shepherds
  • easy to care for

Health

Dutch Shepherds are healthy, durable and resistant. Livestock should be examined for hip and elbow dysplasia and eye diseases.

Portrait of Dutch Shepherd in profile
photo: Shutterstock

nourishment

The Dutch Shepherd has no particular nutritional requirements. It can be fed with ready-made food or food prepared by itself.

Dutch Shepherd catching a ball in flight
photo: Shutterstock

Care

Care is not complicated – it is enough to brush the hair once in a while to remove dead hair.

History

The Dutch Shepherd comes from the same line as the Belgian and German (many similarities with the Belgian in particular). Once all of these dogs were very similar, and the differences that exist today are due to different breeding selection.

In the past, each of these breeds had a larger range of colors than today. It can be assumed that these dogs were local varieties of one breed. Currently, the most striking difference is the color.

In the early twentieth century, most Dutch Shepherds were mostly white. In 1909 it was decided to eliminate them from breeding. As a result, the genetic pool was narrowed, so representatives of this breed were crossed with German and Belgian Shepherds.

Even in the 1930s, fawn individuals (similar to Belgian) were found. To this day many puppies are born with undesirable white markings.

Puppy of a Dutch Shepherd peeking through a hole in the fence
photo: Shutterstock

Compared to the Belgian Shepherd, the Dutch has a more elongated figure and is stronger – but not as strong as German. Like Belgians, Dutch Shepherds come in three varieties. Short-haired is the most popular, rough-haired – less known, and long-haired – very rare.

Dutch shepherd on the run
photo: Shutterstock

The breed is the most popular in its homeland, although recently it has gained supporters in other countries, especially in Scandinavia.

In 2005, short-haired siblings – a female and a dog – came to Poland from the Czech Republic. The rough-haired litter was born in 1995.

Template

Dutch Shorthair Shepherd – Group I FCI, section 1, model number 223

  • Country of origin: Netherlands
  • Nature: obedient, understanding, loyal, alert, active, excellent watchdog
  • Size: dogs 57-62 cm, bitches 55-60 cm
  • Weight: unspecified, approximately 30 kg
  • Robe: double-layered: top coat not very short, hard, resistant to weathering; woolly undercoat; slightly longer hair creates a light ruff, trousers and a brush on the tail
  • Ointment: brindle in various shades (black stripes on a red or gray background); black mask desirable
  • Length of life: 13-15 years
  • Vulnerability to training: big
  • Activity: needs a lot of movement and mental activity
  • Maintenance costs: PLN 150-200 per month
  • Resistance / susceptibility to diseases: resistant
  • Possibility to buy a puppy: puppies are born sporadically in Poland

Interesting facts

For the first time the Dutch Shepherd was presented at a dog show held in Amsterdam in 1874.

The first Dutch Shepherd club – Nederlanse Herdershonden Club – was formed on 13.05.1898, while the breed itself was recognized by the FCI only in 1960.

The introductory book (for dogs of the breed type of unknown origin) for Dutch Shepherds in the Netherlands was closed on February 1, 1971.

DOG FROM MAJORKA – Dog breeds

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DOG FROM MAJORKA - Dog breeds


A small molosser originating from the Balearic Islands, once a bull slayer, today he is a great companion dog. Balanced and calm, he can work well with people, he is faithful and devoted, he likes to accompany children. It is better not to teach him aggression.

Nature

„Majorca” are calm, balanced and friendly towards people on a daily basis. They can be very protective of children and pets. They can live in small and large animals – they are happy to accompany, for example, horse riding.

Portrait of Majorca dog
photo: Shutterstock

They tolerate our climate well, both frost and heat. Quiet and peaceful every day, they bark at intruders only when the owners are sleeping or nobody is at home. They are devoted to their family and always ready to defend themselves.

Their relationship with foreign dogs may be a problem. „Mallorca” are usually not offensive, but provoked by another dog, especially of the same sex, they can get into a fight. So be careful that the dog of this breed does not have bad experiences with other pets.

Majorca dog galloping in the snow
photo: Shutterstock

Although calm every day, it is not a typical sandstone couch. You have to provide him with longer walks or weekend trips. You should never buy a dog of this breed from an uncertain source, because the psyche of such an animal can be very different from the ideal.

Skills

Mallorca dogs have their blood and territory in defense – they don’t have to be taught to do so.

Portrait of the dog from Majorca on a black background
photo: Shutterstock

Training and education

They learn easily and willingly. They are cheerful, willing to have fun and to work. They can pull a sled, like tracking and learning tricks.

Who is this race for?

„Majorca” requires a balanced and confident guide. This dog can be recommended as a companion for a moderately active family.

Advantages and disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • can be aggressive towards other dogs
  • requires a consistent and experienced guide
  • requires a lot of traffic

Advantages

  • very attached to the family
  • caring for children and other pets
  • susceptible to training
  • healthy and resilient
  • excellent guardian and defender
  • easy to care for

Health

For molosses, Mallorca dogs are very agile and healthy. However, hip dysplasia does occur, which is why it is worth examining dogs for breeding in this respect.

Majorca dog sitting on the grass
photo: Shutterstock

nourishment

Dogs from Majorca are not particularly demanding in terms of nutrition, however, it should be remembered that as massive dogs may be exposed to gastric expansion and twist, so they should not be fed for a minimum of 2 hours before and immediately after the walk.

Majorca dog galloping in the snow towards the photographer
photo: Shutterstock

Care

It’s uncomplicated – just brush the dog with a rubber comb once a week, more often during molting. You can wipe the coat with a chamois cloth to ensure a beautiful gloss.

History

The breed was founded in the Middle Ages. English ships called at Majorca, an island off the coast of Spain. One of the pastimes was dog fighting. To this end, English sailors brought bulldogs, and local shepherds exhibited their Ca de Bestiar – large herding dogs (the breed exists to this day, but is little known outside of Spain).

Finally, the locals came up with the idea to cross these dogs with bulldogs.

Portrait of a smiling Majorca dog from above
photo: Shutterstock

The next „entertainment”, in addition to dog fights, was the bull’s dog wheezing. The new breed was perfectly suited to this role – hence its name „Ca de Bou” – meaning „dog to the bull”. In worshiping the corrida of Spain, they were valued equally with the famous bullfighters. They even organized ceremonial funerals and gravestones.

At the end of the nineteenth century in Spain, dog fights and bull-fighting dogs were banned. Ca de Bou is no longer needed. At the beginning of the 20th century, the last living representative of this breed was sold to Puerto Rico.

In the 1950s, a group of enthusiasts from Majorca decided to recreate the breed. Dogs that resembled her were brought from peasants and breeding began. During its reproduction, the following breeds were also used: Ca de Bestiar and English Bulldog. The breed was recognized by the FCI in 1965 under the name Perro de Presa Mallorquin (a fighting dog from Majorca). However, until the early 1990s it was still not very popular.

Female dog from Mallorca standing on the sea shore
photo: Shutterstock

In 1994, Renata Jasińska (Osanna kennel) managed to bring a dog and bitch from Majorca to Poland. A year later a second bitch came. In 1999, dogs from Osanna kennel became the first interchampions in this world.

In 1997 the breed name was changed to Perro Dogo Mallorquin (Majorca dog) or Ca de Bou. There are probably several hundred dogs from Majorca in Poland.

Template

Majorca dog – group II FCI, section 2.1, model number 249

  • Country of origin: Spain
  • Nature: calm and confident in nature, faithful and devoted to his master, a perfect guardian and protector; everyday gentle with strangers, in the face of danger he is brave, fast and relentless; can be aggressive towards other dogs
  • Size: dogs: 55-58 cm, bitches: 52-55 cm
  • Weight: according to the standard dogs: 35-38 kg, bitches: 30-34 kg (in practice the weight can be higher)
  • Robe: short and rough to the touch
  • Ointment: brindle, fawn or black; acceptable white markings on paws, chest and mouth and black mask
  • Length of life: 10 years
    Vulnerability to training: big
  • Activity: he likes to move, but at home he is calm
  • Maintenance costs: PLN 100-150 per month
  • Resistance / susceptibility to diseases: resistant; there are cases of iliac dysplasia
  • Possibility to buy a puppy: there is little kennel in Poland, the puppy must be ordered in advance
  • Price of a dog with a pedigree: PLN 1500-2500

Interesting facts

The Mallorca dog is on the list of dangerous breeds, and keeping such a pet and breeding this type of breed requires permission.

WILCZAK CZECHOSŁOWACKI – Dog breeds

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WILCZAK CZECHOSŁOWACKI - Dog breeds


Nature

Czechoslovakian wolfdog is an extremely active, alert and intelligent dog. He easily gets attached to his guardian and tolerates loneliness very badly. He treats his close family members with affection, and approaches strangers with a large dose of distrust. In relation to children, wolfdogs usually do not show aggression, but irritated they can snarl and even grab their teeth by the hand. Therefore, do not leave them unattended with children. Wilczak does not choose a single master, he treats the whole family as his flock and gives him his arms. He also has a strong territorial instinct, so he will not let an uninvited guest into the property. Despite the high resistance to weather conditions, it is not suitable for living only in the garden – a deprived human being will quickly go wild and may become dangerous.

Dogs of this breed get along quite well with other dogs, as long as they were used to the company of other pets. However, deficiencies in socialization can lead to aggression and even to treating other dogs as wild game. Most quadrupeds are not able to cope with the strength of the wolfdog, hence such attacks very often end in serious injuries and even death of a second dog.

Female Wolfdog portrait
photo: Shutterstock

Many dogs of this breed suffer from separation anxiety and in the absence of man demolish everything he is able to reach. This condition is very difficult for the wolf to eradicate, so the breed is not recommended for people who spend a lot of time away from home. Wolfdogs also require a large dose of activity – the most suitable for them are long, several-hour trips in the woods, away from the city noise and people. However, even a three-hour active walk will not be able to properly exhaust the dog of this breed. Therefore, it is worth finding the wolfdog some mental activity, for example tracking that will exhaust his huge amounts of energy.

Skills

The wolfdog harmoniously combines dog and wolf features. Independence and incredible endurance, combined with the devotion of the guardian inherited from the sheepdog and the desire to defend the owner and territory, make him an excellent guard dog. Wilczak also works well as a mountain rescuer and avalanche dog.

Training and education

The young wolfdog should be brought up in very close contact with people and subject to intensive socialization with both man and other dogs. Lack of proper socialization may result in anxiety and aggression towards people, as well as the desire to hunt for smaller quadrupeds, which may end tragically for the victim chosen by this dog.

If we want to live with our wolfdog in the city, we will have to work hard to get the puppy used to the human environment. Dogs of this breed have great difficulties in adapting to the urban bustle, so they should be very early, but with great sensitivity and gradually, exposed to such an environment.

A wolfdog puppy in an autumn landscape
photo: Shutterstock

Although susceptible to training, the wolfdog will never blindly obey. You have to be very consistent in his upbringing, but coercion will not be achieved much. This dog is bored quickly, he does not like monotonous training, which can endure, for example, the German Shepherd. With the right motivation and positive methods, these dogs can be great companions in sports such as utility tracking. However, their innate vigilance and quick responses to the environment can make dogs of this breed have difficulty concentrating on their work.

If the wolfdog is properly brought up, he will very well arrange his relationship with children and various pets. He has a strong herd instinct, and includes all members of his household, not just bipeds.

Who is this race for?

Definitely not a breed for everyone. The Czechoslovakian wolfdog needs an owner who first understands his specific needs and provides him with adequate socialization; secondly, as a working dog, it will ensure mental and physical development. Having such a dog in urban conditions may prove too difficult, the Czechoslovakian wolfdog is also not recommended for people spending a lot of time outside the home.

Advantages and disadvantages

Czechoslovakian wolfdog – what is it like? Learn its pros and cons!

Disadvantages

  • has many wolf traits that make him a difficult dog
  • it requires extremely careful socialization
  • can be shy, especially in urban conditions
  • often suffers from separation anxiety
  • moults abundantly
  • has a very strong hunting instinct

Advantages

  • very attached to the guide
  • healthy and durable
  • has a fantastic sense of smell
  • easy to care for
  • rarely barks

Health

This breed is generally very healthy and resistant, and its endurance is almost legendary. Czechoslovakian wolfdogs are not burdened with any genetic disease, only a small percentage of the population is carriers of iliac and elbow dysplasia. Dogs of this breed are long-lived – despite their really impressive sizes, they live up to 13 years.

Wolfdog standing on asphalt road
photo: Shutterstock

nourishment

Czechoslovakian wolfdog is a relatively fussy dog. He likes the BARF diet, consisting of fresh meat and bones with a small addition of plants. However, properly selected, high-quality food for dogs of large breeds will also be suitable for him. It should be remembered that meals prepared at home need to be supplemented with basic minerals, especially if you decide to feed your dog cooked food.

A wolfdog puppy in the woods
photo: Shutterstock

Care

Czechoslovakian wolfdog does not require too intensive care. The main treatments include brushing his fur, which can fall out profusely during molting periods. Claws, eyes and ears are also noteworthy, which should be checked frequently.

Wolfdogs love mud baths, wallowing in sand and aromatic carrion. In most cases, the dirt stuck to the coat requires only thorough brushing after drying, but from time to time we will not avoid bathing this dog.

Accessories

The Czechoslovakian wolfdog needs a large, comfortable bed, on which it will be able to unfold on its side without hindrance. Dogs of this breed are best walked in solid braces of the guard type or on a wide collar. The leash for the wolfdog should be standard, strong, with solid carabiners. The dog of this breed will also need a comfortable physiological muzzle and a set of brushes and trimmers for removing dead undercoat.

History

Wolfdog breeding began with a biological experiment. In 1955, Karel Hartl, considered the father of the breed, at the border guard breeding station began attempts to cross a dog (German Shepherd) with a wolf.

Wolfdog puppy standing on a hill against the sky
photo: Shutterstock

The first puppies were born in 1958. Hartl wanted to see how this crossbreed affects the fertility of hybrids and what the inheritance of the exterior and character looks like. Soon after, hybrids began to be experimentally trained for border guard service. They trained quite well, but only those that were taken from their mother early and brought up in close contact with people. In addition to appearance and distrust, they have inherited a great deal of strength from the wolf; after German Shepherd – susceptibility to training.

A wolfdog running on the water by the shore
photo: Shutterstock

After the experiment, it was decided to create a new breed of dog with good performance characteristics. Five lines were derived from which all modern wolfdogs come from. For the last time, wolf blood was introduced in 1983. Since then, the breeding books have been closed and breeding started in purity of the breed.

The first attempt to enter a wolfdog in the introductory book in 1966 ended in failure. In 1982, a Breeders’ Club was founded in Brno. In the same year, the wolfdog was recognized as a national breed in Czechoslovakia. Shortly afterwards the first exhibition and bonitation took place. From then on, interest in dogs grew rapidly. In 1989, the FCI initially recognized the breed.

Male wolfdog standing on the grass
photo: Shutterstock

After the collapse of Czechoslovakia in 1993, the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog club was divided. Slovakia took patronage over the breed, but changes in the pattern are allowed only with the consent of both clubs (Czech and Slovak). In 1999, the breed was fully recognized by the FCI (with the right to interchampionship). Wilczak was entered into group I as a dog subject to labor tests (IPO).

Czechoslovakian wolfdog in Poland

Poland was probably the first country in Europe (except Czechoslovakia) in which wolfdogs appeared. The first dog of this breed – Ringo z Pohranièní stráźe – was imported by Mirosław Bednarski in 1973. The second dog of Mr. Mirosław – Jukro from Pohranièní stráźe – in 1990 was presented at the XXX National Dog Show in Łódź. However, it wasn’t until 2000 that the first Polish breeding of this breed was registered – from Peronówka.

Template

Czechoslovakian wolfdog – group I FCI, section 1, reference number 332

  • Country of origin: former Czechoslovakia (patronage: Slovakia)
  • Nature: active, durable, obedient, brave, distrustful
  • Size: at the withers dogs – min. 65 cm, bitches – min. 60 cm
  • Weight: dog at least 26 kg, bitch at least 20 kg
  • Robe: straight, close-fitting hair; in winter with a heavy undercoat
  • Ointment: from yellowish gray to silvery gray with a characteristic light mask
  • Length of life: 13-16 years old
  • Weather resistance: big
  • Maintenance costs: about PLN 300
  • Price of a dog with a pedigree: 2500 PLN

Full FCI template applicable in the Kennel Club in Poland (pdf)

Interesting facts

In recent years, the Czechoslovakian wolfdog has grown in popularity. This is not good news because most people are unaware of the difficulties involved in raising these dogs. They are captivated by their wolf-like appearance and, without thinking much, buy wolfdogs as family dogs.

A wolf-dog as a working dog is required to be fit and strong. One of the breeding requirements in Slovakia is endurance run over a distance of 40 km. By FCI, such a fitness test entitles you to receive a certificate of performance and an International Beauty Champion. On the other hand, running on a distance of 70 and 100 km entitles to obtain the title of International Labor Champion.

Is your dog hurt? We advise how to help him!

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Is your dog hurt? We advise how to help him!


Most dogs are extremely curious and energetic animals. They love to run, play and explore new places. However, their carelessness means that they are not always careful enough … Dog fur is usually a good protection for the skin, but it does not prevent injuries in every situation! What should we do if we notice that our dog has hurt? Does any such injury require a visit to the vet?

Help, my dog ​​got hurt!

Seeing even a small amount of blood on the body of a beloved pet can be a difficult experience. However, to help a wounded quadruped, we must keep ourselves cool! Our dog’s response to cuts and the amount of blood need not reflect the actual gravity of the situation. Here are some steps that will allow us to assess the situation and decide if we really need to run to the vet.

the dog got hurt
photo: Shutterstock

Look carefully at the injury

If your dog is hurt, you should look more closely at the cut. Try to stop heavy bleeding using a clean towel. If firmly pressing against the wound does not stop the bleeding, you should immediately take the dog to the vet. It is possible that the pooch will need surgery!

The second thing you should pay attention to is the color and smell of the wound. A red, hot or swollen cut with a perceptible odor of pus is most likely infected. This situation also requires the intervention of a doctor and cleaning the wound. An injured animal that develops an infection may also be lethargic, have no appetite or have a fever. Also, the presence of a foreign body in the wound (nail, glass, piece of stick) promotes infection. However, do not delete it yourself – this is a task for the vet!

Dress the cut

However, if the injury does not bleed profusely, looks clean and does not smell bad, you can disinfect and dress it yourself. First remove dried blood from the wound area with a soft cloth moistened with warm water. Then wash the wound with hydrogen peroxide. Most dogs do not like much when pouring something on their skin. Therefore, when washing the wound, it is worth having a second person to help, and even put a muzzle on the dog, if the pet tends to defend himself with the help of teeth.

the dog got hurt
photo: Shutterstock

The washed wound can be smeared with an antibiotic ointment – Tribiotic sold in small sachets works great for this. If the injury is in a place that can be easily bandaged, such as an ear, paw or tail, first apply a sterile gauze pad to the wound, and then secure it with a bandage. Do not use an elastic bandage for this purpose – tying it too tightly can cut off the blood supply! To prevent the pooch from removing the dressing and licking the wound, you can protect it with a collar.

Check the condition of the wound regularly

Change the dressing at least once a day and by the way carefully examine the wound. Look for symptoms such as redness, bad smell or swelling that will indicate infection and require a visit to the vet. If anything in the cut looks bothering you – don’t risk it! Take your dog to a doctor right away!

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

ENTLEBUCHER – Dog breeds – Psy.pl

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ENTLEBUCHER - Dog breeds - Psy.pl


Nature

Entlebucher is the smallest of four Swiss mountain dogs and cattle dogs (the others are a large Swiss Mountain Dog, a Bernese Mountain Dog and an appenzeller). All four breeds have a characteristic three-colored coat.

Entlebucher portrait
photo: Shutterstock

Entlebucher is a friendly and kind dog. He likes the company of people and other dogs. He is loyal to his human family and is strongly attached to his guardian. He is happy to learn. However, it is not recommended to novice owners, because they may have problems with his strong guarding instinct.

Skills

These dogs were supposed to guard and cattle herds and guard the house and the bypass. To this day, they are excellent as a guard, although first of all they are companion dogs. You can also do dog sports with them.

Training and education

As a typical herding dog, entlebucher willingly works with people. Despite his readiness to work, he is not hyperactive and if he is provided with longer walks, he will adapt well to living in an apartment.

Entlebucher running with a stick in his mouth
photo: Shutterstock

He is distrustful by nature, so he requires careful socialization at an early age. When buying a puppy, pay special attention to the psyche of parents, or at least the mother. Unfortunately, cowardly entlebuchery does occur, but it is sometimes difficult to know to what extent it is a matter of a faulty psyche and to what extent insufficient socialization.

Entlebucher with the right mind at the first contact can bark to a stranger and keep a distance, but if he behaves calmly and the owner shows the dog that everything is fine, the quadruped will quickly make friendly contacts with the guest.

Who is this race for?

This breed can be recommended to anyone who would like to have a busy dog, but not tormenting with its activity. He is perfect as a family companion, especially since he is gentle with children he knows.

Entlebucher jumping behind the ring on the beach
photo: Shutterstock

Dog sports enthusiasts will also be pleased with the entlebucer. He doesn’t need any special motivation, working with you is pure joy for him. He is not prone to vagrancy and poaching, so you can easily take him on trips outside.

Advantages and disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • requires careful socialization
  • needs a lot of movement and activity
  • there are fearful individuals

Advantages

  • a good companion for active families
  • susceptible to training
  • you can play sports with him
  • uncomplicated in care
  • healthy and resilient

Health

Although it is basically a healthy breed, sometimes dysplasia of the hip joints and genetic eye diseases (e.g. PRA test is available) – that’s why dogs for breeding should be tested.

Two entlebuchery standing in an autumn landscape
photo: Shutterstock

nourishment

Entlebucher has no special requirements in this respect. It can be fed with ready-made food of good quality as well as with food prepared at home.

Entlebucher in gallop
photo: Shutterstock

Care

Entlebucher care is easy. The dog moults twice a year, then it requires more frequent brushing to get rid of dead hair.

History

Swiss shepherd dogs of various sizes were rural, hard-working dogs that were supposed to guard and cattle herds and guard the house and the farm. One theory is that these dogs are from molosses that arrived in what is now Switzerland, along with Roman legions, rushing cattle – a living meat supply for soldiers. Perhaps, however, they simply have the blood of indigenous dogs that have lived in this area for centuries.

Puppy and adult entlebucher carrying a stick together
photo: Shutterstock

The smallest of the four breeds comes from the Entlebuch Valley, from the cantons of Lucerne and Bern. The first description of the dog called „Entlibucherhund” dates from 1889, but for many years entlebucher and appenzeller were not distinguished. For the inhabitants, they were simply small or medium-sized rural dogs, used for similar tasks. They did not exist as a race in today’s understanding of the word.

In 1913, four copies of „entlebuchers” were shown at the exhibition in Lagenthal. Then Albert Heim, a great lover of Swiss mountain and cattle dogs, got to know them for the first time. The dogs were entered into the Swiss Pedigree Book as the fourth of the native breeds. However, Dr. Bernhard Kobler deserved the most for this breed. On his initiative, breeding began in the purity of the breed, and in 1928 a breed club was created.

Entlebucher running into the sea
photo: Shutterstock

It can be seen at first glance that the entlebucher is a „natural” dog. It has not been changed too much or „spoiled” by breeding focused on appearance only. In its construction, a kinship with molosses is visible, somewhat reminiscent of a miniature rottweiler – his close cousin. For his height, he is quite massive and muscular. On the other hand, as a herding dog, he had to be very agile. It probably also has the blood of shepherds – it can be proved by the fact that some dogs are born with a naturally shortened tail.

This breed is not very popular, but it is gradually gaining more and more lovers. Her first representative came to Poland around 2000. At the moment the breed in our country is still not widely known, but there are rather no problems with buying a puppy.

Template

Entlebucher – group II FCI, section 3, reference number 47

  • Country of origin: Switzerland
  • Nature: energetic, confident, friendly towards friends, slightly distrustful to strangers; faithful, vigilant, incorruptible watchman; cheerful, happy to learn
  • Size: ideal height: dogs: 44-50 cm (tolerance up to 52 cm), bitches: 42-48 cm (tolerance up to 50 cm)
  • Weight: not specified in the standard, approx. 20-30 kg
  • Robe: short, two-layer; hard, adherent and shiny coat; dense undercoat
  • Ointment: tricolor (black with tan and white markings)
  • Length of life: 11-15 years
  • Vulnerability to training: very big
  • Activity: needs a lot of movement and activity
  • Maintenance costs: PLN 120-150 per month
  • Resistance / susceptibility to diseases: very resistant
  • Possibility to buy a puppy: no problem
  • Price of a dog with a pedigree: PLN 3500-4000

Interesting facts

Entlebucher is the only Swiss shepherd dog with a short tail gene. It has been proven that this is the same mutation as in many shepherd breeds, which testifies to the probable relationship of this breed with shepherds.

The mutation that causes the tail to shorten is dominant, that is, that one parent must have this trait in order for it to be passed on to children. However, it is impossible to breed only short-tailed dogs, because all dogs with shortened tails are heterozygous – they have one gene for a short tail and one gene „normal”.

The tail can be shortened from complete absence, through all intermediate lengths, to almost full.