Strona główna Blog Strona 227

Unsaturated fatty acids – essential ingredients in the dog’s diet

0
Unsaturated fatty acids - essential ingredients in the dog's diet


When looking for good dog food, their owners often pay the most attention to the percentage of meat in the composition. They also focus on its species, choosing products that contain only noble types of meat. Hardly anyone takes into account the content of such substances as unsaturated fatty acids, and they are an absolutely necessary element of a proper animal diet.

salmon

Fatty acids – a treasure hidden in fats

In the raw materials used in the production of feeds, such as meat and animal products, and vegetable oils, one of the most metabolically active compounds is present: essential fatty acids. These substances are part of the cell membranes. Therefore, their deficiency causes, among others impaired functioning of epithelial tissue cells, visible primarily in the condition of the skin, but also nerve and reproductive cells. Symptoms of a deficit of essential unsaturated fatty acids include:

  • difficult wound healing,
  • peeling skin
  • dull coat,
  • brittle hair,
  • increased sensitivity to various types of skin infections due to deterioration of the skin’s protective barrier,
  • cognitive decline in adult dogs,
  • reproductive disorders
  • abnormal development of the nervous system of juveniles.

Fatty acids – which and why are the most important

For the proper functioning of the whole organism, including skin and fur, a specific type is necessary. Polyunsaturated fatty acids can be divided into three families: n-3, n-6 and n-9. Some of them must be provided with food for animals, because they are not able to synthesize them themselves. Sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids are vegetable oils, fish fat and fat of slaughter animals – especially poultry: ducks, geese and chickens from natural breeding. That’s why Dog Food containing the listed raw materials should pay the attention of every owner looking for high-quality ready meals for their mentee. The most important are polyunsaturated fatty acids from the n-3 and n-6 ​​families, because:

  • are part of cell membranes directly deciding about their function,
  • are precursors of important biologically active compounds, involved, among others in quenching inflammatory processes and controlling blood coagulation processes,
  • determine the proper development of the brain and nervous system.

What’s more, the results of scientific studies document the antitumor effect of n-3 fatty acids.

Acids from the n-3 and n-6 ​​families – what you need to know

In the dog’s body, n-3 and n-6 ​​acids „fight” for the same enzymes that further metabolize them, so the right relationship between these acids is important. Preferably it would be 1: 5. When it is disturbed, symptoms similar to those characteristic of the deficiency of both groups of acids appear. Dog food with a carefully developed recipe, combining different types of raw materials, should provide unsaturated fatty acids in properly balanced amounts. Hence the presence in the composition of products such as linseed oil and fish – a source of rarer acids from the n-3 family.

NNKT feed – for which dogs?

Unsaturated fatty acids are needed in the diet of all dogs. Some, however, should receive food especially rich in these substances. The food containing n-3 and n-6 ​​fatty acids is dedicated to dogs suffering from skin ailments, including those that are allergic. Also puppies and lactating bitches need an increased amount of these substances in their diet. EFAs clearly affect the condition of the skin and fur – the abundant food will be appreciated by breeders, because show dogs regularly fed with such food can boast of exceptionally beautiful fur.

Even if you are not a regular in such events, but you care about your pupil’s shiny coat, dog food enriched with oils – linseed or salmon – or meals with fish, duck or goose will help you achieve this goal.


Sponsored article

BASENJI – Dog breeds – Psy.pl

0
BASENJI - Dog breeds - Psy.pl


Nature

Basenji is a dog of great temperament, cheerful, lively and inquisitive. It is very sensitive and strongly attached to the owner. He doesn’t like loneliness and confinement in small rooms. It is not suitable for being kept in cages, and can get hurt if you want to get out.

He likes to be in the spotlight, requires constant attention and devoting a lot of time to him. Left alone for many hours, idle and bored, he often has destructive inclinations. He is very alert and distrustful of strangers, but if he decides that he is safe, he makes friends quite quickly.

Portrait of basenji en face
photo: Shutterstock

This dog is not a typical family favorite. Raised together with children, he understands them well, but will always treat them a little disrespectfully. Usually, he chooses one person to guide the herd, although it happens that he treats all members of the family equally. He can live in harmony with other pets. Does not accost strange dogs, unless it invites them to play. When attacked, he will defend himself.

Although he does not like cold and moisture, he is happy to organize snow races. Feels great in hot weather.

Skills

Basenji is a unique animal. He is intelligent, but usually on his own – e.g. he learns to open cupboards to get food.

He doesn’t bark like other dogs, but that doesn’t mean he’s dumb. It produces a whole bunch of various sounds, up to its characteristic yodeling. Couples remain faithful to each other throughout their lives. A bitch who has heat only once a year, covered with a strange male, rarely gets pregnant. The problem disappears when there is a larger group in the culture.

Training and education

Basenji has a feline character. He is very independent and independent. He always has his own opinion and it is difficult to get him to change his mind. We do not expect our pet to discipline, full submission and submissive submission.

It’s hard to train him. He is intelligent but stubborn. He believes that he knows best how to get out of every situation. It is not easy to teach him the basics of obedience, but if he succeeds, he remembers the instructions for a long time. He also doesn’t forget about unpleasant events and people associated with them. He does not tolerate coercion and brutal treatment, much more can be achieved with gentleness and patience.

Basenji is not afraid of traffic and does not treat passing cars as a threat. If we live in a city, remember to always have full control over it.

Black and white basenji standing in leaves
photo: Shutterstock

Basenji should be taught from an early age, slowly and patiently, without expecting rapid progress. The effort put into training will pay off in the future, because the dog permanently remembers the exercises instilled in him. Particular emphasis should be placed on the commands: „to the foot”, „equal”, „stay”, because these commands can be the most difficult to enforce.

This dog is independent like a cat, which is why all educators who try to educate basenji by methods based on coercion will fail. The only solution is good motivation and absolute consistency.

Who is this race for?

Basenji is not a dog for everyone. He is very active and requires a lot of movement. Entertainment should be provided if we do not want him to find them alone. The owner must be a calm, balanced and responsible person. It is advisable for him to have some experience, and basenji should not be his first dog.

Two basenji - brindle and red from the back
photo: Shutterstock

This small inhabitant of Africa, endowed with a strong character and strong personality, captivated many a quadruped lover. Original in all respects, has all the makings of a good friend. He is very ingenious, it is impossible to get bored with him, and each subsequent day is never like the previous one.

Advantages and disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • stubborn and independent
  • can be feisty with other dogs
  • requires a lot of movement and some mental entertainment
  • a beginner may not be able to cope with it
  • in winter he may need clothes

Advantages

  • very pure by nature
  • uncomplicated care
  • economical to maintain
  • at home it is usually quiet and calm

Health

Basenji is usually in good health. One of the more common diseases is umbilical hernia, which usually appears in young dogs and is associated with abnormal union of the umbilical ring.

Basenji puppy sitting on a blanket in the studio
photo: Shutterstock

Another racial condition is the so-called Fanconi syndrome – a birth defect associated with metabolic renal tubular disorders. Fortunately, a genetic test for her carrier is now available.

nourishment

It is generally not demanding in terms of nutrition, but some individuals have food allergies. It is important to ensure that the food you feed is of good quality and does not contain too much protein.

A tricolor basenji at a trot
photo: Shutterstock

Care

Basenji is an extremely clean dog, he cares about the daily toilet. He can wash like a cat: tongue and paws. His short coat does not emit any smell. Care is therefore limited to the necessary minimum. It only happens that the winter undercoat is so abundant that it must be removed later mechanically.

History

Basenji is one of the oldest breeds. His images can be found in paintings in the Egyptian pyramids, at which he rests at the feet of the pharaohs. It belongs to a group of quadrupeds called „schensi”, bringing together primitive dogs of the tropical equatorial zone. Although he lived among people, he had to do without their care and take care of survival himself. In these regions of the world, there has been no habit of caring for animals.

Rudy basenji lying on the background of water
photo: Shutterstock

The natives used basenji as a hunting and displaying dog. He even hunted lions in groups. Because he made no sounds during the run, a special collar with a bell was put on during hunting to control the chase. It happened sometimes that he ended up in the pot himself. He was also held by local shamans.

FCI recognized him as a breed from Congo, but similar quadrupeds were also seen in Sudan, Kenya or Ivory Coast. However, only „Congo terriers”, as they were once called, were granted this honor.

Until the mid-nineteenth century, basenji was not mentioned in any sources. It was only later explorers of the „Blackland” who left more or less accurate descriptions of dogs living in Central Africa. They were known under different names: congo-terrier, dog Bongo, Niam-Niam or Zande. With high probability it can be said that in every case it was about basenji.

Apparently, in 1880, the first copies of this breed were presented in the Paris zoo. In 1895, the Cruft exhibition showed several specimens under the name „African Bushmen”. Probably in 1908, I managed to breed a basenji litter in a zoo in Berlin. Later, these quadrupeds were forgotten for many years.

It wasn’t until the 1930s that two kennels were established in England. The first – „of Blean” by Olivia Burn – initiated interest in the breed on European soil. The second – the most famous and famous „of the Congo” by Veronica Tudor-Williams – contributed to the development of the breed in the world. In 1957, basenji became English champion for the first time. It was a dog BROWN TROUT of the Congo. Apparently, the entire European breeding line is based on only 11 copies imported from Africa.

Standing in the meadow of basenji
photo: Shutterstock

In Poland, the first basenji appeared in 1993. They were bitches: Horsley’s SIRCHLOE (imported England) and Fallohide PIA ROSETTA (imported Denmark), which gave rise to the first breeding. In 1994 Horsley’s SIR GEORGETAR (England) arrived, and in 1995 IGGY POP Out of Africa (France) and Adoram TREASURE OVERTHESEA (England).

Since 1999, we have imported more quadrupeds: Tagri Edcher HARLEY DAVIDSON (Russia), Vickys CLADIUS (Denmark), Flaghathy’s ADAM’SAN (Denmark), FLOWER YPSYLON Ananty (Czech Republic), Pulcinella TARANTELLA (Italy) and Kinzica EBRA (Italy).

Basenji is still a little-known breed, so far we have had 23 litters, in which 69 puppies were born. The most titled dogs born in Poland are: EASY RIDER Liwang (Intch., Mł. Ch.Pl., Ch.Pl., Multi BIS), YUPPI YOO YEI Ypsylon (Intch., Mł.Ch.Pl., Ch.Pl ., Ch.UA., Ch.RUS.) And PEPSI COLA Ypsylon (Mł.Ch.Pl., Ch.Pl., BIS, Club Winner 2001, Winner BY. 2001, UA Winner 2001, Multi BIG, Junior European Champion).

Template

Basenji – group V FCI, section 6, reference number 43

  • Country of origin: Central Africa
  • General appearance: medium-sized, high-legged dog, with a light build and aristocratic appearance. He moves with an elegant gait, reminiscent of a purebred horse trot.
  • Growth: ideal size for a dog – 43 cm, for a bitch – 40 cm.
  • Robe: short, smooth and compact, of good quality. Very flexible and elastic skin.
  • Ointment: black uniform with white, pure red with white, black and tan with white (tricolor) and brindle with white (dark red stripes appear on the red background – the more visible the better). White should appear on the feet, chest and tail. White limbs, star on the forehead and white collar acceptable.
  • Head: rather flat, well-carved, medium-sized, tapering towards the nose, with a slight stop. The distance from the occipital tumor to the stop slightly exceeds the distance from the stop to the tip of the nose. When the dog sets its ears, characteristic wrinkles form on the forehead. Black nose. Scissor bite.
  • Eyes: dark, almond-shaped, oblique set, well open and expressive.
  • ears: not very large, pointed, standing, set high.
  • Neck: strong, good length, without loose skin.
  • Torso: well balanced, with a short, straight back. Ribs well arched, deep and oval chest. Loins: Short and well connected.
  • Forelimbs: muscular arms, straight. Forearm very long. Tight elbows. Pasterns of good length, flexible. Feet small, narrow and tight, toes well arched (so-called cat’s paw).
  • Hindquarters: strong and muscular, moderately angulated, with a long lower leg. Feet like forelimbs.
  • Tail: set on high, medium length, single or double curled, lying on the rump.
  • Length of life: 13-16 years old
  • Maintenance costs: PLN 200-300 per month
  • Price of a dog with a pedigree: 3000-6000 PLN

Interesting facts

The name of the breed comes from the lingala language (from the bantu group) used in Congo. Mbwá na basɛ́nzi can be translated as „peasant dog” or „wild dog”. Shenzi (schensi) is in turn in the Swahili related language „wild”, hence the name of the whole group of dogs found in the tropics.

Although sometimes it is said that basenji does not bark at all, this is not entirely true. They can bark, but they do it quite rarely, e.g. when a stranger turns around at the door.

Winter dog clothes – a fad or a necessity?

0
Winter dog clothes - a fad or a necessity?


Dressing dogs in the winter is quite a controversial topic. Some dogs insist that putting on a sweater or a jacket is humanizing and harming the dog, supporting their opinion by saying that the dog is an animal and the animals will cope with the cold. Others say that since they dress up warmer themselves, they should wear something for their pet. Where lies the truth? Is a dog’s clothes actually just a fad of guardians and does it give the dog nothing but a silly look?

Why are the dogs cold?

It is true that the ancestors of dogs easily adapted to the winter cold and did not need any sweaters. Their thick, two-layer fur perfectly protected both from moisture and cold. However, today’s domestic quadrupeds are significantly different from other canines. There are many breeds that have lost their undercoat and coarse hair or have drastically reduced as a result of human selection. These changes meant that a large proportion of dogs can no longer cope with freezing temperatures.

So it is not true that „a dog is a dog and should cope with frost without dressing”. Dogs are not wild animals – they have been modified for human needs. And now man should help them survive the conditions in which dogs have lost the ability to function independently due to human modifications. The way to do this is, among other things, putting on clothes for dogs that need it.

dog clothes
photo: Shutterstock

Dog clothes – who needs them?

Not every pet will need a dog’s clothing in winter. Large and healthy quadrupeds, equipped with thick fur, will cope even with walking in deep snow, and an additional layer of warming can even harm them and lead to overheating. Some breeds of dogs, such as husky, malamut or leonberger are perfectly prepared for low temperatures and should not be additionally dressed without a clear indication (for example, illness). However, there are several types of dogs where a sweater or jacket can be a really good idea.

Puppies of small breeds

Small dogs, such as Chihuahuas, York and Maltese dogs, even though they have longer coat, cool down very quickly in the cold. Their small bodies quickly lose heat, and the body does not keep up with heating. Such quadrupeds should wear clothes from the moment we notice that they are starting to shiver in the cold. Some of them need such help before temperatures drop below 0 degrees!

dog clothes
photo: Shutterstock

Older and sick dogs

Older dogs that are slow on walking may not be able to warm themselves sufficiently during the winter walk. Dog clothes will also be useful for a pet who has a skin condition that causes alopecia, hypothyroidism, Cushing’s disease, or has a weakened immune system. Skinny quadrupeds should also wear an additional layer protecting against cold.

Dogs without undercoat

A few centimeters long, without undercoat hair in breeds such as boxer, amstaff, French bulldog or greyhound does not provide effective protection against frost. While healthy and active dogs for walks of these breeds do relatively well in winter, calmer quadrupeds without undercoat can feel a cold.

dog clothes
photo: Shutterstock

How to choose a good dog clothes?

When choosing clothes for a dog, we should be guided primarily by the convenience of our pet. To match them well, it’s best to go shopping with your pet or measure it accurately. Clothes should be put on easily, do not restrict the animal’s movements and do not compress under the arms. It should also not contain any items that the pooch can swallow or wipe. It’s worth choosing clothes that cover not only the back, but also the dog’s stomach.

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

SPRINGER SPANIEL WALIJSKI – Dog breeds

0
SPRINGER SPANIEL WALIJSKI - Dog breeds


Nature

The Welsh Springer Spaniel is one of two breeds of spaniels in whose name the word „springer” appears. She differs from her cousin springer spaniel mainly in color. The Welsh man is always red-white, although his nose may be black or brown. The Englishman is characterized by a greater variation in coat: usually liver, rarely black, with or without arson, but never red.

The Welsh is smaller and slightly smaller than the English springer, although clearly larger than the cocker. In addition, the Welsh redhead has slightly smaller ears, which is emphasized by shaving them briefly for exhibitions, while English hair is left long.

Two Welsh springer spaniels lying on the grass
photo: Shutterstock

Welsh Springer Spaniel is strongly attached to the owner. He shows a lot of affection for members of the home herd, especially for children. He loves to play, so he is a great companion of children’s scouts. He rarely loses patience with them – rather he will let you know with a bark that he is feeling discomfort, or will move away.

Welsh people like being around people all the time, some even follow him step by step. Therefore, the owner of a dog of this breed should be alert to the fact that excessive dependence on a guardian can be harmful and threatens the formation of separation anxiety.

This does not mean that the animal should be treated coldly. It is not a quadruped that is suitable for living in a pen or leaving alone for long hours. It requires a lot of affection and acceptance. However, you should get used to the temporary absence of the owner.

Some Welsh people are shy towards strangers, others are able to greet each person they encounter effusively. This is certainly not a dog capable of being a protector, although when something disturbing happens, he will signal it with barking.

Skills

To this day, these dogs have not changed much, because the British breed club puts great emphasis on maintaining their functional predispositions. Unlike English springers, there is no division into utility and exhibition lines in the breed. The potential owner of the Welshman should bear in mind that this active quadruped was bred for hard work.

Welsh Springer Spaniel is not popular even in his homeland. He was always in the shadow of an English cousin. For comparison: in 2000, over 12,500 were registered in the British Kennel Club. English Springer Spaniels and only 424 Welsh. Perhaps the reason for this is that Welsh ripen more slowly, and therefore stacking takes more time. Slower and more sensitive to any smells in the field do not match the currently preferred fast work style. They are very persistent and passionate – they boldly venture into brushwood.

Training and education

Bred to work with a hunter, the Welsh man is smart and learns quickly, but he also has a bit of independence. He likes to roam the bushes, fields and meadows. He is stubborn, especially when he is interested in some smell. During the hunt, perseverance in following the smell of animals is a valuable feature. Therefore, it is not worth getting angry at the dog that he gives in to instincts, but to work on building bonds and obedience from a puppy. Properly run, he can grow into a polite animal, staring at his master as in a picture.

Welsh Springer Spaniel on the run
photo: Shutterstock

It is different when it comes to their predispositions to fetch. It happens that his learning takes a lot of time. Laying Welsh requires patience and gentleness. These sensitive dogs endure harsh treatment and punishment badly.

Who is this race for?

Welsh requires movement and mental activity. If the owner does not provide it to him, he can become disobedient or barking. Of course you don’t have to be a hunter to have a dog of this breed. Spaniel will enjoy long walks in the countryside and explore fascinating scents. He can also be trained in dog sports: agility, obedience and tracking.

Health

Diseases affect Welsh sporadically. They are weather-resistant quadrupeds, only their drooping ears are exposed to infection. They also have a sensitive digestive tract.

Welsh Springer Spaniel lying on the floor
photo: Shutterstock

Occasionally eye diseases such as glaucoma as well as dysplasia and epilepsy occur. Responsible breeders check farm animals for dysplasia and eye diseases just in case.

nourishment

Welsh often have a sensitive stomach, which is why they should be fed regularly, preferably twice a day. The food should be adapted to the age and level of activity of the dog.

Three Welsh springer spaniels lying on the grass
photo: Shutterstock

Care

Welsh springer spaniel hair requires regular care, especially during molting. After each walk, remove twigs, leaves and husks entangled in it. The show dog must be properly cut and trimmed.

History

It is an old breed, once known simply as Welsh Spaniel or Welsh Cocker Spaniel. It was given its current name when in 1902 it was officially recognized by the Kennel Club.

Welsh springer spaniel in a winter landscape
photo: Shutterstock

These dogs were bred to hunt rabbits, birds and other small animals hidden in the thickets. Their task was to sniff the animals and then to scare them off – initially for falconers and then for hunters with firearms. Hence the name of the breed. „To spring” simply meant „to proclaim.”

Initially, the word was used to refer to everyone
spaniels. A separate variety was known in the Duchy of Wales from the 18th century. Some utility farms have been operating in Wales continuously for over a century.

Four Welsh springer spaniels lying on a white background
photo: Shutterstock

Outside the homeland, relatively many Welsh springer spaniels live in the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, France, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Italy and Estonia. In Poland before World War II, the breeding of this breed was done by Princess Izabela Radziwiłł, who also had English Springer Spaniels. However, after the war, the first bitch was not imported until the 1980s. The breed remains rare with us.

Record and pedigree of the dog – everything you need to know about them!

0
Record and pedigree of the dog - everything you need to know about them!


„Pure-bred dogs without pedigree”, „we issue a record on request for a fee of one thousand zlotys” or „not all pure-bred dogs must have a pedigree” are slogans that can often be read in the advertisements for the sale of „thoroughbred” dogs. A person unfamiliar with the topic of breeding domestic quadrupeds can easily be fooled by a pseudo breeder and unknowingly support the suffering of animals. How not to get caught in such tricks? What are the rules in good, registered kennels and what should the original pedigree of a purebred dog from ZKwP kennel look like?

What is a record?

The pedigree dog record is a document that corresponds to a human birth certificate. This paper is given to every newborn puppy from a kennel registered in Kennel Club in Poland. In olden days only a limited number of puppies from each litter got their birth certificate. However, they are currently allocated to all purebred puppies. It is therefore not possible for a purebred dog from a registered and legal kennel to be sold without a record! So if the person selling the puppy tells the buyer to pay extra for producing such a document or claims that the pooch was the last of the litter and did not get the record, we can be sure that we are dealing with a pseudo breeder.

pedigree of the dog
photo: zkwp.pl

The record contains information about the puppy. There are breed, name and kennel name, date of birth, color, tattoo or chip number, parents’ names and surnames as well as breeder’s details. This document must be legibly completed and stamped with the seal of the Polish Composers’ Union. The dog record has no expiry date. It is the basis for publishing a dog’s pedigree.

What is a dog’s pedigree?

The pedigree of a dog is a document that is issued by the ZKwP based on the dog’s record. To receive it, the dog’s guardian must go to the nearest branch of the Polish Composers’ Union and pay the membership fee, thus becoming a member of this association. Only members of the Kennel Club in Poland can get a pedigree dog!

After registering with ZKwP, the record should be submitted and sent to the Main Board. The waiting time for pedigree is around three weeksand issuing it costs PLN 60. The pooch registered in this way receives an individual number and can participate in exhibitions to become the parent of purebred puppies in the future. However, this is not an obligation – a dog with a pedigree does not have to take part in any exhibitions.

Does every purebred dog have to have a pedigree?

The guardian of a purebred puppy is not obliged to register his dog in the Kennel Club. This only makes sense if you plan to go with your dog to exhibitions, obtain the appropriate permissions and set up a kennel. However, if we are not going to breed our quadruped, we can stay with the record.

However, every purebred dog that we want to use for breeding in kennel registered in ZKwP must have a pedigree. Puppies from non-pedigree parents will not be pedigree dogs and they will not get any birth certificates or career chances. Pseudo-kennels do not examine their dogs for serious genetic diseases, nor do they care about the stable psyche of their pets. Buying a dog from parents without pedigree can end tragically!

photo: Shutterstock

What does the original pedigree of the ZKwP (FCI) dog look like?

Compared to the record, the dog’s pedigree contains much more information. In addition to basic data, it also has an extensive quadruped family tree. It covers at least three generations of dog ancestors. It is not possible for any field in the pedigree to be empty! Except for a few breeds that are just being created or are being reproduced, all purebred dogs must have a complete pedigree. The presence of empty fields in the table or the information „father unknown” indicates that we came across a pseudo breeding or suspicious association.

pedigree of the dog
http://www.eterowegniazdo.eu/ikar-z-eterowego-gniazda.html-0

The pedigree of the dog also contains an individual PKR number and is stamped with the seal of ZKwP. The pedigree also includes the dog’s achievements – successes at exhibitions and work trials – as well as tests performed, for example for dysplasia.

Is your health book not enough?

The health booklet is only a list of vaccinations and deworming that the puppy has undergone. It doesn’t mean anything, especially about the animal’s origin. The health book should contain the dog’s chip or tattoo number – this is the only way we can guarantee that it applies to the animal we bought!

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

KERRY BLUE TERRIER – Dog breeds

0
KERRY BLUE TERRIER - Dog breeds


Nature

Kerry gives the impression of greater than it is – energetic and dynamic, with an athletic build and sharp expression on the face draws attention, but also awes. „Temperament almost impeccable if some tendency to reduce the cat population is accepted. He is unsurpassed in the hunt for rats, charming as a companion, trustworthy as a guardian „- this is how Kerry Blue Terrier wrote in 1922 E.M. Webb, reflecting the essence of this race.

Playing in the kerry meadow
photo: Shutterstock

Breeding work, of course, somewhat tamed the hunting instinct and innate sharpness, but still the soul of an independent hunter lies in kerry blue. However, you can have a kerry and a cat at home, except that the cat must be first or the puppy and young cat must be taken at one time. It should be remembered, however, that tolerating your own cat does not transfer to others.

Aggression towards foreign dogs, especially males against males, occurs and is a natural feature in these energetic quadrupeds. However, it is not strong enough that a consistent owner could not cope with it. Responsible breeders select breeding pairs to minimize this trait.

The dog of this breed is a nice, trouble-free and friendly household member. He likes cuddling and caressing and playing. He gives affection to all family members. He is gentle and caring towards children. Because it is heavily built and quite resistant to pain, even if it is too tightly hugged or pulled by the fur, it will not react aggressively. Of course, this does not mean that you can leave your child alone with the dog.

Skills

The owner of kerry must take into account the necessity of taking intensive walks. This is a lively dog, which makes it possible to do some dog sports with him. In Poland, several kerry competed in agility competitions, one could be seen during obedience competitions. In the United States, these dogs participate in field trials, and some enthusiasts train herding with them.

Training and education

Kerry is very intelligent and learns quickly, but obedience is not his strength. Considering the former utility of the breed, whose representatives had to deal with the otter in deep water or with a badger in a den, it is not surprising that kerry can be recalcitrant and independent. The handler sometimes has to put in a lot of effort to execute the order, and it happens that the dog outwits him and puts his own way.

Kerry Blue Terrier portrait in profile
photo: Shutterstock

The blue terrier was bred for hunting, so the guide must control his instincts and teach him unconditional appeal. This is not a dog that will grow up alone, so less experienced owners are advised to complete a basic obedience course so that the pet does not grow up as a bully.

Who is this race for?

A representative of this breed is not suitable for a yard dog. Left alone, it devastates the garden and finds a way to leave even the best protected area.

In addition, condemning this very social quadruped to loneliness will be a punishment for him. It will feel much better even in a small apartment, but accompanying the owner in everyday life. However, you must remember that although it is not
barking, it will signal the arrival of guests, and the voice is low and strong.

Advantages and disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • stubborn and independent
  • can be aggressive towards other dogs
  • has a strong hunting instinct
  • needs a lot of movement and entertainment
  • requires labor-intensive care

Advantages

  • attached to owner
  • cheerful and willing to play
  • patient with children
  • I don’t moult

Health

Kerry are healthy and resistant, and genetic diseases occur sporadically.

Two kerry puppies on a blue background
photo: Shutterstock

nourishment

Kerry enjoys an excellent appetite. It can be fed with both dry or wet, good quality food and home-made food.

Care

A characteristic feature of this breed is that kerry are born pitch-black and only with age their coat brightens, which is caused by the action of the dominant gene.

Kerry blue terrier standing on the grass
photo: Shutterstock

Kerry does not moult, but changes hair gradually, like people, so they can prove themselves as allergy dogs. The garment should be regularly trimmed and professionally prepared for exhibitions.

History

Kerry blue terrier (blue terrier from Kerry) is one of four Irish terrier breeds. Kerry is the name of one of the counties in Ireland. Terrier-type dogs have lived on the Green Island for hundreds of years. They were versatile rural quadrupeds that caught rats, assisted in illegal hunting of small animals and birds, guarded the property, and even herded livestock.

According to one legend – because only the nobility were allowed to hunt wolfhounds in Ireland – the peasants bred improved terriers for trotting, crossing their dogs with wolfhounds. Another account is of a blue dog from Russia who rescued from a Russian ship crashed in Tralee Bay and became the progenitor of the breed.

Young kerry by the water
photo: Shutterstock

The first mention of the ancestors of modern kerry blue terriers appears late, because it wasn’t until 1847. The famous cynological authority of H.D. 100 years ago Richardson from Dublin wrote about „harlequin terrier” (harlequin terrier), blue-slate coat with darker patches and spots, and with tan meanings. He seems to be talking about kerry blue.

It is believed that dogs of this type were commonly inhabited especially by County Kerry, they also appeared in other areas, although they were less numerous there.

The first kerry blue terriers were shown at the exhibition in 1913. Initially, the breed was not even, e.g. the height of dogs in one class ranged from 40 to 50 cm. After adopting the pattern, the breeding unified the type, color and height. In 1920, the Dublin Blue Terrier Club was founded.

The breed quickly gained great popularity, becoming the mascot of the Irish patriots. For some time there were four of its clubs, which in 1922-1924 organized at least six exhibitions and six field trials.

In 1922, kerry was first shown at two of the world’s most prestigious shows: Crufts in England and Westminster Dog Show in the United States. In the late 1920s, it was already widely known outside the Green Island. In Ireland, kerry was shown uncut, but in England they began to be cut, which was soon picked up by breeders around the world.

The attractive hairstyle contributed to the even greater popularity of the breed. Today it is mainly a valued and impressive show and companion dog.

Kerry Blue Terrier head in profile
photo: Shutterstock

Kerry blue terrier is a recognized breed in the world, but rather rare. Currently, it is quite popular in Russia, Ireland, Great Britain, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and the United States.

The first kerrys came to Poland in the interwar period. Greta Syropowa, the owner of the Poliemy Kennel from Warsaw, held and exhibited them. They gained some popularity with us in the 60s and 70s of the 20th century. Currently, about 100 quadrupeds of this breed live with us, and litters are rare.

Template

Kerry blue terrier – group III FCI, section 1, reference number 3

  • Origin: Ireland
  • Nature: dog full of energy, alert
  • Size: dogs 45.5-49.5 cm, bitches 44.5-48 cm
  • Weight: dogs 15-18 kg, bitches proportionally less
  • Robe: long, soft, abundant, wavy
  • Ointment: blue (gray) in various shades with black „trim” (on paws, head, tail) or without them; black ointment is allowed up to a maximum age of 18 months, as well as brown coating
  • Length of life: 12-14 years old
  • Vulnerability to training: average, these dogs are smart and learn quickly, but they also have their own opinion
  • Activity: quite large
  • Maintenance costs: approx. 200 PLN per month
  • Immunity / diseases: very resistant
  • Possibility to buy a puppy: in Poland puppies are born sporadically
  • Price of a dog with a pedigree: 3000-4000 PLN

Interesting facts

It is not known whether this is true or myth, but it is believed that their long, wavy fur, which brightens with age, kerry blue may have inherited from Spanish dog dogs.

In 1588 the Great Armada, the Spanish fleet, which invaded England, was defeated. Some of the ships sank on the shores of Ireland, and among the survivors were, among others, those shaggy quadrupeds.

Dog first aid kit. 5 things you should always have on hand

0
Dog first aid kit. 5 things you should always have on hand


The dog hurt his paw on the glass? Need to sanitize the wound? Or maybe you noticed a tick ticked in? Find out what a home dog kit should contain to always deal with such situations. Here are five things you should have on hand. However, remember that if you want to give any medicine, you should consult a veterinarian who knows your dog.

1. Ticktraps

It is a good idea to protect dogs against ticks as long as temperatures are positive. Although more and more people, fearing these small but very dangerous arachnids, protect their pooches throughout the year. Sometimes, however, that despite the use of appropriate prevention, the tick will stick to the pet’s skin. If we find a tick on our four-legged friend, it should be pulled out as soon as possible.

So let’s have a small medicine kit in your home medicine chest called ticks. These small pliers can help you remove an intruder from your dog’s body effectively, giving you a great chance to get rid of it quickly and completely. Tick-trap will help twist the intruder in a safe way, simply, without pain and without squeezing the arachnid’s body, so it’s worth having them in the cabinet. After removing the tick, it is recommended to disinfect the wound. And here we go to the next thing that is worth having in the dog’s medicine cabinet.

disinfectant
photo: Shutterstock

2. Disinfectant

The dog first aid kit should contain a wound disinfectant. Most often, dogs use Octeniseptu, because the sound of this „pointer” does not stress the pet, and he is not a baking agent. It is also worth to apply it at the first moment, whenever the so-called hot-spot. Octenisept has antibacterial, antifungal and virucidal properties.

If a dog hurts his paw on a walk, it must be cleaned and disinfected as soon as possible so that infection does not occur. When the wound is deeper, you should go to the vet. We can also use hydrogen peroxide for disinfection. If the dog does not like sprays, you can soak a gauze pad and thus sanitize the wound. Don’t you have a swab? This we go to step 3.

3. Dressing materials

It’s worth to put sterile gauze swabs and bandage in the medicine chest. Swabs work very well when you need to wipe wounds with a disinfectant. A gauze bandage will help make the dressing. However, is this the only bandage worth having? No. It will also be useful to have an elastic bandage so that pressure can be applied to the dog’s bleeding area before the owner reaches the veterinarian. Adhesive bandages are also available in stores.

4. Thermometer

The dog should have his own thermometer at home. It can be mercury or electronic. Pet stores also sell special veterinary thermometers for dogs. It’s worth having this tool on hand if you see a weakness in your dog or suspect that his temperature may have risen.

How do we measure the temperature of a four-legged friend? You should slowly insert the thermometer into the psi anus a few centimeters. If we want it to be a milder treatment for a pooch, it is worth wetting the thermometer with water beforehand. An increase in temperature to 39.5 degrees Celsius is considered a fever. Over 40 degrees is already a high fever. Remember to always disinfect the thermometer after taking your temperature.

5. Drugs

Remember not to experiment with medicines on your own. If we see that our pet feels bad, it is worth going to the vet with him. However, it is a good idea to put a few veterinary painkillers or anti-inflammatory medicines in your dog’s medicine cabinet. It can happen that our pet feels worse when the veterinary offices are closed. This is an emergency. If you have certain medications at home, you can call a trusted vet who will advise you whether to give them and if you need to, how to do it. It is also good to have activated charcoal or canine probiotic in your medicine cabinet, which can work with severe diarrhea. Remember that different drugs can have different effects on different dogs. Hence, the phone call to the vet who knows the pooch can really be very important.

You can also add other things to such a first aid kit, such as vinyl gloves, cotton patches to secure the bandage, syringes or scissors. It may also be important to write on the cards several telephone numbers for veterinary clinics that are open 24 hours a day and a list of things to which the dog is allergic. All this is worth putting into the dog’s health book, which should also be in the dog’s medicine cabinet. Under stress, making a list or searching for such numbers can be significantly longer, and if everything is in one place, you can act faster and more effectively.

Author: Agnieszka Czylok

Test: Check if your pooch is happy!

0
Test: Check if your pooch is happy!


Dog love is unconditional and infinite – everyone who accompanies a four-legged friend knows it. As dog carers, we owe them the best of everything. However, we often wonder if we care about our pet well enough and whether he is happy … Here is a test that will check if your pooch has a truly happy life!

Check if your dog is happy!

Here are 8 questions that will help you find out how your pet feels. Prepare a pen and paper to save the points you received for the answers you selected. After summarizing them, check how happy your dog is. Good luck!

1. How often does your dog mess around in your home?

  • never (5 points)
  • this has not happened to him for several years (4 points)
  • only when there is a storm or other difficult situation (3 points)
  • at least once a month (2 points)
  • practically every time (1 point)

2. Where does your dog usually sleep?

  • in my bed (5 points)
  • in my or other household’s bedroom (4 points)
  • on the sofa or armchair in the living room (3 points)
  • in the hall, away from the household (2 points)
  • closed in the kitchen or in the yard (1 point)

3. Does your pooch look into your eyes?

  • yes, there is no problem with it (5 points)
  • it happens sometimes but it doesn’t last too long (4 points)
  • only when trying to get food from me (3 points)
  • when our eyes meet, the dog immediately looks away (2 points)
  • no, he clearly avoids it (1 point)

4. How often do you take your dog on a long, relaxing walk?

  • everyday – an hour (or longer) stroll in a quiet environment is a permanent part of the day! (5 points)
  • at least three times a week (4 points)
  • once a week I manage to save so much time (3 points)
  • very rarely – I have more important things to worry about (2 points)
  • not at all, a quick walk around the estate or running in the garden must be enough (1 point)

5. How many hours does your dog sleep per day?

  • a lot – probably around 12-16 hours (5 points)
  • sleeps all night, additionally takes a lot of naps during the day (4 points)
  • a little more than at night (3 points)
  • probably not much, he is always active (2 points)
  • I don’t pay attention to it (1 point)

6. Does your dog get along well with other pets?

  • yes, he has many dog ​​friends with whom he gets on well (5 points)
  • most will be happy to greet, but rather do not want to party (4 points)
  • has two, three colleagues with whom he meets from time to time (3 points)
  • he doesn’t like such company (2 points)
  • absolutely not, he is aggressive towards other dogs (1 point)

7. How often is something wrong with your dog?

  • never – we visit the vet only as a preventive measure (5 points)
  • sometimes a broken claw or a scratch will happen (4 points)
  • once a year the pooch catches an infection (3 points)
  • the dog has a chronic illness but I do what I can to help him (2 points)
  • I don’t know, as long as he looks healthy, I don’t care about him (1 point)

8. How often does your dog want to play with you?

  • every time I suggest it to him – he is always ready for a bit of madness! (5 points)
  • sometimes he has a mood for it and can be persuaded to pull with a jerk or fetch (4 points)
  • all the time – he slowly brings me balls and squeaks when I don’t respond (3 points)
  • rather, he doesn’t feel like it, he prefers to lie on the bed in peace (2 points)
  • I don’t know, I don’t like to do it and I don’t encourage this dog (1 point)

Is your dog happy? Check the results!

33-40 points

Your pet is a real lucky guy! He is healthy, strong, trusts you truly, and you take care of all his needs. At first glance you can see that it is your eye in your mind. You can only envy him!

25-32 points

Everyone, however, can have a worse day. Still, you shouldn’t worry too much about it – after all, you give your dog everything you need to be happy! Keep up the good work and your pet will respond with a wonderful, wide smile!

17-24 points

  • Which way to happiness?

This result indicates that your pooch is a bit lacking in luck. However, it looks like you are on the right track to make his life quite pleasant! Try to give your dog more attention, time and take care of his basic needs. It is not worth wasting the work you have done so far to provide him with good living conditions!

10-16 points

  • The dog disappears in the midst of important matters …

Your involvement in the relationship with the pooch is not enough – you give him too little attention and time! Try to find during the day the moment when you devote yourself completely to your pet. Take the dog for a longer walk, take care of his health and allow him to have pleasant contact with other animals. It will definitely pay you back!

8-9 points

Your pooch doesn’t belong to happy animals … You hardly care about him! The quadruped clearly shows it to you through its behavior – destruction at home, frustration and distrust of you. This must change immediately, because for now you are treating your dog as a piece of furniture that does not match the decor of your apartment!

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

KORTHALS GRYFON – Dog breeds

0
KORTHALS GRYFON - Dog breeds


Nature

Korthals Griffon is a continental wirehaired pointer, which at first glance is easily mistaken for a German rough-haired pointer or Czech fousko. However, he is different from them in a longer, richer and softer coat.

Korthals griffon lying on the grass
photo: Tomasz Szwed

Korthals Gryffindor badly needs human closeness and likes to accompany him in his daily activities. Due to this, most representatives of the breed do not tolerate being locked in a pen. These dogs gently and tenderly treat children in the family. Get along well with other animals living in the house.

Korthals griffon needs a lot of movement, preferably running freely in the open. Brother is also with water and swimming.

Skills

As a hunting dog, the griffon is adapted to work in dense thickets and in wetlands. The robe perfectly protects him from cold, moisture and injuries. Works great as an exhibiting dog, retriever and tracker. In the field he does not move further than on the range of the shot. He works eagerly, willingly performs commands, and at the same time shows independence. It is not very fast, but it is durable. In the field he moves slowly.

Gryffindors will be good family companions, provided that they are given a lot of movement. If they have no way to use energy, they have moods and tend to be depressed. Of course, they don’t necessarily have to hunt – they are suitable, for example, for jogging companions.

Gryffindor is distrustful of strangers, so despite his gentleness he works as a guardian.

Training and education

This dog is trainingable and friendly. Matures for a long time and is also known for his willingness to play. This is one of the more joyous breeds – the tail of wagging almost constantly. For stroking and hugging, the griffon could be cut up. As a sensitive animal, he endures harsh treatment badly.

Portrait of Korthals griffon
photo: Shutterstock

He learns willingly and quickly and likes to cooperate with people, so when arranging him, it is worth using these natural inclinations and positive motivation, not coercion. To achieve the best results, you should train him from a puppy.

Who is this race for?

Who can you recommend a griffon to? Certainly a hunter hunting small animals and birds. Rather, it is not recommended for people living in a block of flats. However, the Gryffindor will be an excellent companion for someone who devotes his time and likes to go for walks.

Advantages and disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • sometimes arbitrary and stubborn
  • needs a lot of traffic
  • requires trimming
  • untrimmed moulting
  • on the fur endures a lot of garbage

Advantages

  • nice family companion
  • gentle to children and pets
  • willing to cooperate
  • excellent hunter’s helper
  • healthy and resistant to weather conditions

Health

Korthals griffons enjoy good health. Occasionally dysplasia occurs, so when buying a puppy, it is worth familiarizing yourself with the results of the parents’ examination.

A young female of Gryffindor Korthals walking on the grass
photo: Tomasz Szwed

nourishment

Korthals griffon is not demanding when it comes to nutrition. You can give him ready-made food of good quality as well as food prepared at home.

Care

Griffin care is not complicated. Just brush it once every few days. Of course, after running in the field, you need to brush it, because leaves, sticks, thistles stick to the coat, etc. You should also check your ears, especially after swimming, because they are poorly ventilated. Show dogs are usually lightly trimmed, but this applies mainly to the head and paws.

Portrait of a Korthals griffon lying on the grass
photo: Tomasz Szwed

Contrary to what one sometimes writes, the Korthals griffon moults, but less so than the seasonally changing hair breeds. Usually, slightly more intense hair shedding can be seen in spring. Trimming can eliminate this problem. Twice a year a visit to the barber will be useful for the griffon.

History

This breed is officially recognized as French, but its origin is due to the Dutchman Eduard Korthals, whose kennel Ipenwoud was located in Germany. It was in her since 1873 that over 20 years of work continued on the creation and improvement of the breed.

Korthals griffon puppy standing on the grass
photo: Tomasz Szwed

Korthals dreamed of a perfect pointer: resistant, durable, devoted to the owner. He was to work close to the hunter and be easy to position. It is not known exactly what breeds the breeder used to create his griffon. It started with female Mouche. He associated her with five males he called griffons – they could have been French griffons.

Presumably Korthals also used various dogs from Germany and France, continental spaniels and English and French water dogs. The pointer that arose as a result of these matings aroused interest in the world of cynology. He quickly went across the ocean and in 1887 the first bitch was registered in the AKC, although he had to wait there for recognition and his own club until 1916.

The most representatives of the breed can be found in France. In addition, there are relatively many of them in the Benelux and Canada, some in the United States, few kennels are in Germany, and single dogs in Scandinavia.

Korthals griffon in profile
photo: Shutterstock

In Poland in the 1950s and 1960s, griffons were popular among hunters. At present, probably only one representative of this breed lives with us, a young female imported from the Netherlands this year.

Template

Korthals Griffon – Group VII FCI, section 1.3, reference number 107

  • Country of origin: France
  • Nature: intelligent, gentle, friendly and dedicated dog; gentle towards children; excellent hunting dog; works well as a watchman
  • Size: dogs 55-60 cm, bitches 50-55 cm
  • Weight: dogs 23-27 kg, bitches 18-23 kg
  • Robe: rough, two-layered (hard topcoat and thick, soft undercoat); on the head it creates eyebrows, a beard and a mustache
  • Ointment: steel gray with brown patches or brown preferred; brown roan ointment (mixed white and brown hair) is common; white-brown and white-orange color is allowed
  • Length of life: usually around 12 years, sometimes 14-15 years
  • Vulnerability to training: big
  • Activity: quite large; if he is given a daily dose of movement, he is calm at home
  • Maintenance costs: PLN 100-200 per month
  • Resistance / susceptibility to diseases: very resistant; occasional hip dysplasia
  • Possibility to buy a puppy: currently only abroad
  • Price of a dog with a pedigree: abroad, around 900 euros, in Poland 3500-4000 PLN

Interesting facts

Gryffindor Korthals has Prince Monaco, Rainier, American actor Clint Eastwood. German Chancellor Angela Merkel also had several Gryffindors in a row.

KOOLIE – Dog breeds – Psy.pl

0
KOOLIE - Dog breeds - Psy.pl


Nature

Koolie is extremely hardworking, tireless and totally devoted to the owner. Even in difficult conditions, he works tirelessly, because it’s his calling.

Skills

It is used to herd sheep, goats and cattle. He works in a middle style between Kelpie and Continental Shepherds: he uses the eye to a small extent in herding. He can back, i.e. run on the backs of sheep crammed in the yard.

Koolie red merle overcoming an obstacle
photo: Shutterstock

Dogs of this breed are quite strong mentally, full of energy and need a lot of movement and activity. Perfect for agility, tracking and sports obedience. They also work as rescue and therapeutic dogs and are great companions for active people. If their needs are met, they are muted at home.

Training and education

Many koolies keep their distance from strangers. Because of this inborn distrust, socialization cannot be neglected. Some, however, are friendly and open to everyone. They accept other pets at home. They usually get along with other dogs.

Two horses in the garden
photo: Magdalena Lademann

Who is this race for?

As the owner of this breed will be an active person who will provide the dog with physical and mental activity. Koolie can be recommended to lovers of dog sports.

Health

Koolie is a healthy and long-lived breed. Dogs working at the age of 20 and enjoying good health are no exception. They owe this to a wide genetic pool and selection for utility.

A swarthy long-haired female koolie lying on the grass
photo: Magdalena Lademann

Deafness is the only more common health problem – it mainly concerns so-called double marbles, i.e. dogs derived from the association of two marbles. A double dose of the merle gene (marbling) causes pigment reduction, which can result in impaired vision and hearing. Many breeders still practice such mating, and puppies sleep with excess whiteness. To make matters worse, some people also fall asleep to healthy non-branded skin, because only merle is considered typical for the breed.

This means the elimination of an average of half a litter, because as a result of the combination of two merle dogs, statistically, half of the usual marbles are born, a quarter of double and a quarter of non-branded dogs.

The breed club promotes the association of merle and non-merle, in which there is no risk of giving birth to double merle, because then only one of the parents can pass the children to this gene. Deafness sometimes also affects dogs with a lot of white fur on their heads, but it is rare in koolie, because breeders prefer little white markings.

Hip and elbow dysplasia occur sporadically in the breed. It is also suspected that as a result of crossbreeds from border collie and kelpie, koolie may be burdened with PRA or CEA.

nourishment

As a typical rural herdsman, koolie is not particularly demanding in terms of nutrition. You can give him ready-made food of good quality as well as food prepared at home.

Black and white short-haired koolie lying on the grass
photo: Magdalena Lademann

Care

Koolie are easy to care for, but a little long coat requires more attention. Moulting usually takes place twice a year.

History

Koolie (pronounced kuli) is an old Australian pastoral race, about 160 years old, only recently officially registered. It comes from shepherd breeds that came to the Australian continent from Europe. Among her ancestors are short-haired blue-eyed and black and tan collies from Scotland.

The latter gave rise to Australian Cattle Dogs. Robert Kaleski, one of the creators of this last breed, was to say (1911): „We currently have many varieties of working dogs. One of them is the Welsh heeler or merle, popularly referred to as German koolie. „

Short-haired red merle bitch koolie in show position
photo: Urszula Charytonik

You can learn about the history of shepherd dogs by following the history of sheep, because they always wandered together. Sheep from Great Britain and merinos from Spain, France and Saxony were brought to Australia. Everywhere there are shepherd dogs with marbled color. In France, they are Pyrenean Sheepdogs (short-haired), in Spain, carea leonés, and in Germany, Old German shepherd dogs from the tiger variety. Hence the original name of the breed – German koolie (also coolie, kuli, couli).

The creator of the German Shepherd Max von Stephanitz in the publication „German Shepherd in word and picture” (1925) writes: „Australian sheep breeders were so impressed with German shepherds that they imported them.” He then describes the German tiger breed as „long-haired or short-haired, with erect ears and a merle coat, similar to the type found in Australia under the name German collie.”

There are also many indications that the tigers could have arrived in Australia much earlier, e.g. with a German brought to work by Elisabeth Macarthur, wife of John Macarthur, who started a Merino breeding there.

Shorthair blue merle koolie working with sheep
photo: Ewa Łukasik

Why was the breed not registered for so long? Simply these dogs were bred as effective helpers at work and only recently there was a need to register them. Koolie became rarer, because in vast Australia it was difficult for them to find a partner in the area. So they were associated with other utility dogs, e.g. kelpie or border collie.

Lovers of the breed feared that it would soon disappear, and in 2000 they founded the Koolie Club of Australia (KCA, www.koolie.net). Not wanting the name to be misleading, they removed the word „German” and adopted the spelling „k” to avoid confusion with collie. When the breed became known in the world, the adjective „Australian” was added to indicate its origin.

The club currently has over 200 members not only from Australia, but also from the United States, New Zealand, the Netherlands and Germany. In 2002, the Working Koolie Association Australia was founded (www.freewebs.com/workingkoolie), which in turn focuses on the behavior and promotion of koolie as a shepherd dog, organizes training and competitions. Has members also in the United States.

Koolie come in different types, which is natural for a working breed, not selected for its appearance and used in various conditions. So dogs can be small and large, small and powerful. Their ears are upright, semi-standing or covered, and their hair is short or half-long with a feather. The colors are similar to those of Australian Shepherds (American breeds), but also swarthy and red.

A swarthy long-haired bitch and a black and white short-haired koolie dog standing next to each other
photo: Magdalena Lademann

KCA has not created a breed standard, because it is of the opinion that it must still develop. If such a pattern arises, it will cover different types. Currently, over 700 dogs are registered in the KCA. The club’s goal is to maintain temperament and a desire to work. The pedigree book is still open to quadrupeds of unknown origin. The club also allows crosswords with border collie and kelpie.

Koolie are the most popular in their homeland. Everywhere else they are rare, although there are more and more in the United States. There are few in Europe. A little koolie is in Finland (several imports, two litters were born), in Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium (in 2011 the female from this country went to Poland for some time). Currently in Poland live a young long-haired bitch and a short-haired male koolie. There were only a few litters of this unique breed in Europe.