Cryptorchidism in some males is a disadvantage that completely eliminates a purebred dog from further breeding. If untreated, such a condition can also have serious consequences for the health and even life of your pet! How do you recognize an indoor dog and how to treat it?
What is cryptorchidism in a dog?
In puppies, both testicles are located in the abdomen immediately after birth. From there, under the influence of hormones, they begin to move through the inguinal canal towards the scrotum. They should be there at the latest in the 8th week of the dog’s life, when the inguinal canal begins to heal. However, it happens that one or both testes remain in the abdominal cavity or in the inguinal canal – this condition is called cryptorchidism.
Which dogs are affected by this problem?
Cryptorchidism is a genetic defect that most often affects purebred dogs. It also happens more often in small breed dogs, where the testicles descend a little later than in larger quadrupeds. Yorkies, chihuahuas, dachshunds, miniature poodles, English bulldogs and Shetland sheepdogs are believed to be most at risk of cryptorchidism, among others. The occurrence of such a problem may also be influenced by environmental factors that affect the bitch during pregnancy and the inflammation associated with various diseases.
What is the risk of cryptorchidism?
A dog that has not descended one or both testicles shows no specific symptoms other than a missing testicle in the scrotum. However, the non-physiological location of the testicle can have serious consequences! Untreated cryptorchidism often results in a malignant tumor of the undescended testicle, torsion of the vas deferens, and hernia. Bilateral cavities are also completely sterile.
How to treat cryptorchidism in a dog?
In order to make such a diagnosis, an ultrasound examination is necessary to help locate the undescended testicle. In very young dogs, in which the inguinal canal has not yet fused, hormone therapy can be used, which has been shown to be effective in some cases. In older dogs, the testicle that is not in the scrotum must be surgically removed. If both testicles are affected, castration is necessary. However, it is also indicated in the case of unilateral cryptorchidism – the left testicle is exposed to torsion of the vas deferens. This procedure should be performed when the dog has completed its physical development.