Jaundice in a dog. What can it be dangerous and how to treat it?

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Jaundice in a dog. What can it be dangerous and how to treat it?


Jaundice in a dog is a serious symptom that should not be taken lightly! Untreated, it can poison the whole organism of the four-legged friend. Why does the pooch turn yellow and how to help a pet suffering from jaundice?

Jaundice in a dog – symptoms

The primary symptom of jaundice in dogs is a change in the color of the quadruped’s mucous membranes, gums, skin and whites of the eyes to yellow or yellow-gray. This is due to the increased level of bilirubin in the blood, which is just yellow. This color may also be noticeable in your pet’s stool. Excess bilirubin is very toxic and can cause liver, kidney and brain disorders. It is often accompanied by lethargy, decreased appetite, vomiting, diarrhea and fever.

Where does dog jaundice come from?

Jaundice, which is an increase in your dog’s bilirubin levels, can have many causes. All of them will require immediate vet attention.

  • Breakdown of red blood cells causes large amounts of bilirubin to be released into the pet’s blood. This situation may be caused by the presence of parasites and tick-borne diseases (including babesiosis) or by hemolytic anemia.
  • Liver damage or disturbance they can make this organ unable to remove bilirubin from the body. The condition may be due to poisoning, hepatitis or liver cancer.
  • Disturbances in the drainage of bile from the liver they can be caused by gallstones, pancreatitis, or cancer.

Other causes of jaundice in dogs include damage to the liver and internal organs as a result of an accident, autoimmune disease or Rubarth’s disease. Diagnosing the cause of this condition is necessary for appropriate treatment.

How To Treat A Dog With Jaundice?

Jaundice alone in a dog is easy to diagnose. The change in color of the gums, skin and whites of the eyes is visible to the naked eye. In order to find its cause, various tests (blood tests, ultrasound of the abdominal cavity) should be performed to check the functioning of the pet’s liver, kidneys and pancreas. Depending on the source of the problem, treatment may include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, blood transfusions, surgery, and even chemotherapy. Often, the recommendations from the vet will also include a diet change to one that will relieve the damaged liver or pancreas.

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

Food for a large dog. How to choose food for a giant breed dog

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Food for a large dog. How to choose food for a giant breed dog


Dog owners of giant breed dogs have to face many challenges. Their dogs not only require special attention to health, but also a special diet. What ingredients should a large dog food contain to provide the pet with everything it needs?

Food for a large dog

Foods described by producers as „giant breed”, „large” or „maxi” are diets designed to meet the specific needs of dogs of giant breeds – that is, those whose body weight exceeds 40 kg. These foods contain the concentration of nutrients that are appropriate for such dogs, the right amount of fat, protein and a dose of calories, as well as various additives supporting the work of the joints. What to look for when choosing a diet for a giant dog?

Dry food for a large dog

In the nutrition of giant breed dogs, the greatest challenge is to maintain the correct body weight of the quadruped and to care for its movement system. Among large animals, joint degeneration, hip and elbow dysplasia and ligament tears are common. Therefore, large dog food should not be high in calories. A low-nutrient diet, on the other hand, will require a much larger dosage. Taking care of a giant dog, you should pay attention to the analytical composition of the product on its packaging. The protein content of dry food for a healthy large breed adult dog should be 25-35% and the fat content around 15%. It is also worth that the diet was enriched with dietary fiber – about 3%. Among the products for giant breeds we can also find light diets, properly balanced food for puppies and food for seniors.

Any good dog food should consist primarily of animal ingredients – meat, offal and fat. High-quality dry food should also be low in carbohydrates, which are primarily a source of easily available calories and do not contain too many valuable ingredients for the dog.

Large dog wet food

Feeding a giant dog with wet food is a huge expense. However, many dog ​​keepers want to include moist food in their pet’s diet and give it at least occasionally. In pet stores, however, we will not find too many wet food intended for large breed pets. When looking for a wet food for a huge dog, we should choose products with a high meat content, the lowest possible proportion of carbohydrates in the composition and take care of the correct dosage.

What additives should a giant breed dog include?

The diet of a large and giant breed dog should be enriched with substances that support the work of the joints. These include, above all, glucosamine and chondroitin – they should be included in the food of a large dog. A valuable ingredient that should be included in a product for giant dogs is also salmon oil, which is a source of omega-3 fatty acids that reduce inflammation in the pet’s body. The diet of a dog exposed to dysplasia and degeneration of the joints should also be supplemented with MSM, hyaluronic acid and collagen.

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

Playing with a dog in the snow. Get to know our proposals!

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Playing with a dog in the snow. Get to know our proposals!


There are dogs that, just like children, but also some adults, are eagerly awaiting snow. Then you don’t have to give up your activity during winter walks. On the contrary – shorter, but more intense walks are most advisable during this period. And playing together with your dog in the snow is not only fun, but also has a positive effect on your bond. Perhaps your pet belongs to the group of admirers of white powder, and at the sight of it he joyfully jumps, rolls in it and jumps into snow drifts, but you … You have no idea how to spice up winter walks together. So get to know our suggestions for playing with your dog in the snow!

Aporting with snowballs

While it sounds like a clap, and maybe even unattractive to some, your dog will love Snowy Fetch. Even the one who is lazy every day. The rules of this game are obvious, but in this case the main attraction is not a ball or Frisbee, but snow balls! Some dogs have a lot of fun catching snow in flight – for this, make a snowball (don’t hit it hard!) Or pick up the snow in your hands and toss it upwards. Throw your dog a real toy between the snowballs from time to time, so that the dog has something to catch and bring. Also, remember to choose a safe place for this game, e.g. one that is not close to a frozen pond.

Attack on the snowman

Surely everyone made a snowman at least once in their life. So why not feel like a baby again and do it while walking with your pet? Perhaps your dog will be the perfect helper and will be able to roll the ball in the snow by himself. Once you’ve made a snowman together, turn your dog’s eyes and buttons into delicacies, then let your dog attack the snowman’s creation.

Tracking

Working with a dog’s nose is one of those activities that can be practiced all year round, even when snow falls. For dogs that like to sniff, this activity provides both mental and physical stimulation. So take your toys, balls or dog treats with you and bury them – but remember not to bury them too deep or hide them under a tree. It is not only great fun, but also an excellent dog nose exercise. If your dog likes to sniff, you should also consider utility tracking.

Estate carts

Another pastime for snow-loving and larger dogs is sledging. It may seem difficult, but for many dogs – not only sled dogs – it is natural and fun. If you want to try this activity, introduce your dog slowly and make sure he really enjoys it. Start by attaching an empty sled to the harness. If the dog feels uncomfortable and clearly uncomfortable, stop – do not force it! Over time, when the dog feels confident, you can sled the baby down. Remember, however, such fun must be constantly monitored so that no one gets hurt.

Playing with the dog in the snow …

Regardless of whether it will be a snow attack, retrieving, or even doing the so-called angels in the snow, first of all take care of safety. Unfortunately, white down can hide many sharp objects!

Author: Magdalena Olesińska

Swollen muzzle in a dog. How to help a dog with a swollen mouth?

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Swollen muzzle in a dog. How to help a dog with a swollen mouth?


A swollen muzzle in a dog can be a symptom of various health conditions – both trivial and very serious. Usually, however, such a problem will require a visit to the vet or even giving the dog medication. What should I do if my dog’s mouth is swollen? Check it out!

Where does the swollen face of a dog come from?

A swollen muzzle can have many causes. Sudden swelling of a dog’s eyes, lips and cheeks is most often a symptom of a severe allergic reaction in a pet – for example, to insect venom, medications given to the quadruped, food or pollen. Irritation to the immune system and swelling around the neck and nose can lead to breathing problems. Therefore, in the event of such a problem, you should immediately take your dog to the vet and give him the appropriate medications. Failure to provide your dog with immediate help may result in shock, fits and even suffocation.

Dental and gum disease is another common cause of swelling around the dog’s mouth. Periodontal infections can cause swelling, abscesses and fistulas. The pet’s teeth should be looked at especially when the swelling is located under the eye of the pet. An asymmetrically swollen muzzle in a dog may also be a symptom of a growing tumor or a mechanical injury. Swelling will also accompany bite wounds if they become infected.

How to help a dog with a swollen mouth?

If we notice a swelling in the area of ​​the head or mouth, we should immediately take him to the vet for a thorough examination. Determining the cause of this condition may require the dog to take blood for examination, x-ray, or even to anesthetize the dog and carefully inspect the inside of the dog’s mouth, but if a cancerous lesion is suspected, a biopsy will be required. Depending on the cause, the treatment prescribed by your vet may include giving your dog antihistamines, antibiotics, tooth extraction, and even major surgery.

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

Do you want a big dog? Think it over well!

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Do you want a big dog? Think it over well!


Many of us have probably wondered about buying or adopting a large dog … And no wonder! A huge Newfoundland, fluffy Bernese mountain dog or a giant Leonberger is a dream of many dog ​​lovers. However, a large four-legged pet requires not only a lot of food and a suitable apartment size. What do you need to keep in mind when considering adding a giant dog to your family?

A large dog is a big cost

Maintaining a dog can cost a lot. Especially when we want to provide our pet with a high-quality diet and take care of his health! A giant breed dog can consume a lot of food a day … But it is not worth saving on it – the costs of treating a dog the size of a Bernese or Newfoundland can be counted in thousands. A huge expense for a guardian of a large dog will also be to protect the pet from ticks, deworming and administering any supplements due to the very large dosage. Not to mention the cost of XXL dog accessories!

A large dog takes up a lot of space

No dog needs a huge property and a multi-hectare garden. For them, what matters most is long walks and the presence of a beloved man. Each pooch needs a quiet place, rest and sleep. No big pet will be happy in a cramped studio where someone will trip over him or chase him from place to place all the time! When planning a large dog, you need not only to place its bedding and large bowls somewhere in your home, but also to transport it. A Leonberger or a Great Dane will certainly not fit in a tiny car or in a train compartment …

Large dogs live shorter lives

Losing a beloved quadruped is a great pain for every caregiver. When considering buying a giant breed puppy, you have to remember that such large puppies usually don’t live longer than 6-8 years! So you will have to say goodbye to a large dog much faster than an average dog who can accompany you even twice as long. Huge quadrupeds are also prone to various health ailments, such as heart disease and gastric twisting, which can also shorten their lives.

Big dogs require consistency

Every pooch, regardless of its size, requires proper training and consistent upbringing. However, working with a large pet is much more demanding! Many giant canine dogs are naturally lazy and calm dogs, but also often independent and stubborn. One strong pull is enough and you may not keep the leash, causing the pooch to jump on a stranger or run into a car chasing the cat. Therefore, if you want to have a large dog, you must first consider whether you will find time to train him and whether you will live up to his strength in the moment of dog rebellion.

Big dogs require strength

You will need physical strength for more than just keeping the leash. The giant quadruped may have problems with jumping into the car and will need to be restored. In their old age, many large dogs also have mobility problems and must be carried down stairs or supported on walks. Lifting a 60 kg dog is a real challenge even for an adult man!

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

Backyard dog food. How to feed a dog that lives outside?

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Backyard dog food. How to feed a dog that lives outside?


In many houses with a garden, you can still find a backyard dog. Often, this pet is forbidden to enter the house for various reasons, and is housed in a kennel or garage. Some quadrupeds have adapted perfectly to such a life and would not even feel well enclosed in four walls. Also, some of the keepers of dogs living outside try to take care of their charges in the best possible way, providing them with lots of fun, walks and contacts with people and other dogs. However, if we want to properly care for the health of such a dog, we must pay special attention to its nutrition. How to ensure a good diet for a backyard dog?

Nutritional needs of a backyard dog

Pets staying mainly indoors need food that is adapted to their age, size, activity level and health condition. In the case of dogs living outside, the weather and temperature outside are also additional factors affecting nutritional needs. Even those dogs that have access to a heated kennel will need a special, high-energy diet in winter. It will allow them to cope with the frost. In summer, however, the demand for calories in such pets decreases significantly. When choosing a diet for a backyard pet, we must also take into account its activity. Dogs prone to active guarding will need a different food than lazy sticks. How to choose a food for such a dog?

What to feed a backyard dog?

Dogs living outside can be successfully fed with BARF and home diets, as well as ready-made dry or wet food. However, arranging an appropriate menu for a pet on its own can be problematic, which is why many caregivers decide to give the pet ready-made products. It must be remembered that the diet of every dog ​​should be based on ingredients of animal origin – meat and offal. It should also provide the dog with not only calories, but also the right amount of all nutrients, i.e. protein, fat, vitamins and minerals. What should a backyard dog feeding look like depending on the season?

What to feed your dog in summer?

A doggie living outside should be given a diet adapted to his age, activity and state of health. In warmer months, it can be dry or wet food enriched with salmon oil, which supports immunity and improves the condition of the hair coat. In the nutrition of backyard dogs that actively accompany their owners and go for walks, the food for active dogs will be the best solution, providing the pet with a concentrated dose of energy. Dogs that are less active and spend time lying in the sun should receive standard food. If our backyard pooch has to be on a specialized diet, it is worth taking into account the additional activity associated with living outside, increasing the feed dosage by 10-20%. Overweight or obese pets should be fed light food with a reduced calorie content. The daily portion of food should be divided into two meals and given to the pet at fixed times. You should also make sure that the pooch rests for a while after each meal. This will prevent a fatal twist of the stomach.

The BARF diet for a backyard dog should consist of meat, offal, bones, vegetables and supplements in summer. When buying meat for your dog, do not choose only lean pieces. You should also make sure that there is an adequate amount of animal fat in the meal. Cooked meals should not contain bones. In their place, the dog should be given calcium supplements, dosed according to the information on the package.

What to feed your dog in winter?

The drop in temperature means that dogs use much more energy to heat their own body, so their caloric requirements increase significantly. Four-legged pets receiving high-energy food should be given an additional meal consisting of dry or wet food on frosty days. If our pet eats the contents of his bowl right away, we can freely give him wet food, which will also provide him with water. We can also pour a little water over such a meal and slightly heat it in the microwave. Before serving, however, we must make sure that it is not hot and will not burn the pet’s mouth. The finished food can be enriched with an egg or a teaspoon of lard. However, these supplements should be introduced gradually and your dog should be monitored for diarrhea.

A winter BARF diet for an outdoor dog should contain an extra portion of fat in the form of fatty pieces of meat or added lard. In winter, you can also increase the dosage of dried yeast and salmon oil a little, and give your dog rose hip meal, which will provide him with vitamin C to support immunity. Cooked meals can also be supplemented with additional fat, and in severe frosts also rice or noodles, which are a source of easily digestible energy. When giving the dog such a diet, check whether the pooch eats all meals at once. A frozen lump in a dog’s bowl will not be edible! In winter, the backyard pooch should receive 2-3 meals a day.

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

How to teach a dog to use a kennel?

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How to teach a dog to use a kennel?


More and more people talk about the many advantages of a kennel for domestic dogs. A covered bed can be not only a great place to rest for a pet, but also a great help for its guardian. In this type of booth, you can close the pooch for the time of vacuuming the apartment or secure the pet for the time of replacing meters or bringing in furniture. A kennel cage can also become a safe hiding place for a dog during a storm or a quiet corner where no one will disturb him while eating a tasty teether. However, for it to be effective in its role, the cage must be properly introduced to the dog! How to do it?

How to convince a dog to a kennel?

Many pets are welcome to see a cage set up in the house with a comfortable bed inside. It is in the dog’s nature to look for secluded, roofed hiding places for rest. However, not every pet will immediately start using the provided kennel cage, let alone lock it in! Attempts to imprison a dog unaccustomed to a kennel can end up in crying, frustration and panic, and a pooch thrashing in confinement can seriously hurt himself. How to introduce a dog’s cage so that it treats it as a safe haven? Here is a step by step tutorial!

Choose the appropriate frame

Kennel cages come in countless sizes and can be made of either metal rods or fabric on a rigid frame. When choosing a dog cage, we must first of all pay attention to its size. It should be large enough for the pooch to stand up straight in it and lie comfortably on its side. However, it cannot be huge – the pooch closed in it should not be able to jump or run. Metal cages are perfect for dogs prone to deterioration. Fabric booths are lighter and cozier, but it is easy to rip them open with claws and bite a hole in them. Therefore, when buying your first dog cage, it is worthwhile to decide on a structure made of metal bars and cover it with a blanket or a special cloth cover.

Place the cage in a quiet place

Before buying a cage, think about where you want to put it. This place should be as quiet as possible, away from noisy TV sets and main communication routes in the house. The cage should not be placed in narrow passages and right next to the front door. On the other hand, the location of the cage should not make the dog feel isolated from their handlers. Therefore, the best place for a cage will be a quiet corner in the living room, bedroom or home office. We should not replace the dog’s bedding with the cage, because the pet may feel lost or forced to use new equipment. However, you can cover its interior with a comfortable mattress or pillow.

Let your dog get used to the new equipment

After unfolding the kennel cage and arranging the bedding in it, leave the door open (you can block it with something so that it does not close) and stop being interested in it. Watch your pet for the first day. Does he approach the new equipment curiously, does he lie in it himself, or does he carefully avoid this novelty? If the pet is suspicious and distrustful, you can put your worn T-shirt or a used towel in the cage. Thanks to this, the new space will give the dog a safe, familiar scent. At first, do not try to persuade the dog to enter the cage, do not throw food there or try to close the door. You can start introducing the cage only after the pet has accepted the presence of a new piece of furniture in the house.

Build positive associations

If the pooch has got used to the new equipment, you can start leaving him with various chews and delicacies. For a dog who has started to enter the cage on his own without prompting, throw the flavors deep inside the cage so that he has to enter it completely while looking for them. As soon as he is done eating the small treats, give him a larger teether in his mouth and check if the pet stays in the cage to eat it. If your pet still does not dare to put its paws inside the new lair, place him a few small treats at the very edge of the entrance so he can reach them without going inside. Repeat this until the pooch puts his head into the cage and eats delicacies without hesitation. You can throw another handful of flavors a bit further – so that the quadruped has to rest his paw on the inside of the burrow. Such exercises should not take more than a few minutes. However, you can repeat them 5-8 times a day.

Serve meals in a cage

The best way to teach your dog to be quiet in a cage is to feed him food and large chews. If your pet enters the cage without any problems, eats its meals in it and carries toys or treats, you can start getting him used to a closed door.

Start closing the door

Once your pooch is comfortable in the cage to eat the teether, walk up to him and wiggle the door. If the disturbed pet immediately stops eating, open the door immediately. Wait for the pooch to go back to eating and move them again, but do not close them completely. Repeat this exercise at every opportunity to desensitize the dog to stopping down the cage. For a pet that ignores the door movement, you can close it for a while – but remember to open the cage before it finishes eating!

Learning to stay in a kennel

If you can easily lock the pooch in the cage while eating, it is worth starting to slowly move away from the closed cage, and then leave the room for longer and longer periods. However, you cannot let the locked pooch get scared, panic and try to get out. Take the next steps only when you are sure that your pooch will behave calmly. It is worth trying to extend the stay in the cage after returning from an intense, vigorous walk, i.e. when our pooch is most exhausted.

How long does it take to introduce a dog to a kennel?

How quickly a given pooch accepts a new message is an individual matter. Some dogs will fall in love with this safe burrow right away and will not protest before it closes. Others will take several weeks to do this. If we want to introduce a kennel cage to the dog, we cannot rush, rush the animal or force it to do anything by force. We must also remember never to treat the cage as a punishment for the dog!

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

Is it worth changing your dog’s dietary protein source?

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Is it worth changing your dog's dietary protein source?


Many dog ​​lovers still believe that only certain types of meat are the healthiest for a dog. Depending on the theory, beef, poultry, fish are considered the best … Is there one, the best source of protein for a dog and how many types of meat should a dog eat on a home or BARF diet?

What is the source of protein in a dog’s diet?

The basis of the pet diet should be protein and animal fats. The source of these ingredients are meat, offal and fish, as well as bones and various additives, such as salmon oil. A dog’s diet can contain many types of meat – turkey, chicken, beef, cod, lamb, duck … Each of them differs not only in fat content, but also in individual amino acids and fatty acids. For example, turkey breast will contain negligible amounts of fat, but it will provide your pet with tryptophan, an amino acid that supports the work of the nervous system. Fat pork is an excellent source of arachidonic acid necessary for dogs. An irreplaceable component of every dog’s diet is also fish, which enrich its food with valuable antioxidants. Carnivorous tetrapods should also be fed various offal, which is high in vitamins and minerals. However, they should not form the basis of a pet’s diet, as it is not difficult to overdose these vitamins.

Why is it worth changing your dog’s protein source?

Due to these differences in the composition of individual types of meat, giving a dog only one source of protein can significantly deplete its diet in some components. Fed on a home diet or BARF, pets that do not have food allergies or intolerances should eat at least 4-5 different types of meat in their diet. Dogs fed dry or wet food should also be introduced to other products from time to time. Changing the diet is also worth considering if the pet suffers from skin and digestive problems (diarrhea, vomiting, gas), which may result from an allergy to a given type of animal protein. Often, such a change almost immediately eliminates the problem!

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

A wheelchair for a dog. Where to buy it and which one to choose?

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A wheelchair for a dog. Where to buy it and which one to choose?


Some quadrupeds have real bad luck in life and cannot move on their own due to an accident, illness or congenital defect. But that doesn’t mean they can’t enjoy the walks! A properly fitted wheelchair for a dog can make a paralyzed pet regain the joy of life and even make it more efficient. What dogs will find such equipment useful and where can they get it?

When will a dog wheelchair be necessary?

This type of equipment is intended primarily for dogs suffering from partial or complete paresis of the hind legs. A wheelchair is not only a great convenience for caretakers of pets who do not have the strength to carry their disabled ward. It is also a way to provide the dog with the ability to independently move, walk and explore the environment. The design of the wheelchair allows the dog to stand up. The quadruped rests on the ground with its front paws, and the pet’s belly is supported so that its hind legs do not touch the ground. The wheels attached to the back allow the dog to move both on hard surfaces and on grass or sand. Thanks to this, the pet can really enjoy a lot of freedom. Some pets that use such equipment can even run after the ball!

A wheelchair can also be a great help during the rehabilitation of a pet after various injuries, especially of the spine. In the rehabilitation cart, the pooch can touch the ground with his hind legs and exercise their muscles.

Dog wheelchair – where to buy it?

Wheelchairs intended for dogs are specialized equipment usually made to order. Thanks to this, they can be adapted not only to the size of the pet, but also its structure, paw length, level and type of activity and other individual needs. On the Internet, we can find many companies that will make such a stroller for our pet. Its price will depend on the size and durability of the materials from which it will be made and may range from 300 to 700 PLN. It is not worth deciding to buy used equipment – it may simply not fit our pet.

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka

Grapes for the dog. Can a dog eat grapes?

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Grapes for the dog. Can a dog eat grapes?


According to many experts, grapes are among the fruits that are toxic to dogs. Is it really so? What is the appearance of grape poisoning in a domestic quadruped and can it be saved by trying these fruits?

What do the grapes contain?

These fruits are a real treasury of health-promoting substances. In the composition of grapes we find not only vitamins A and C, but also various antioxidants that protect our body against the harmful effects of free radicals. Grapes also contain a large dose of fiber and few calories (about 70 kcal per 100 g). Dark grapes, which contain a high dose of polyphenols and iron, are considered the healthiest for humans. Can a domestic quadruped also eat these fruits?

Can a dog eat grapes?

Grapes are one of the few fruits that are toxic to your pet. To this day, however, it has not been possible to determine what exactly the substance is responsible for poisoning grapes. This toxic factor is present in all grape varieties – home, shop and even seedless – as well as raisins. Therefore, when buying grapes and raisins, always keep them out of reach of your dog.

What are the symptoms of grape poisoning in a dog?

It is not known exactly how many grapes per dog’s weight can cause poisoning. Some quadrupeds may eat these fruits occasionally and enjoy good health, others will go to the vet with severe symptoms after just one ball. Among them, the most common are:

  • loss of appetite
  • apathy,
  • vomiting,
  • diarrhea,
  • abdominal pain,
  • dehydration.

Failure to properly treat it can result in the development of acute kidney failure and urinary retention, which will soon lead to death. The biggest problem with grape poisoning is the fact that such symptoms can occur even 6 hours after eating the fruit. Therefore, many keepers are unable to determine what harmed the pet. The dog that has eaten grapes should be immediately taken to the vet and performed gastric lavage, given activated charcoal and drip irrigation.

Author: Aleksandra Prochocka