Erect fur on a dog can cause anxiety in many people. Such a view is associated with aggression and is often considered a harbinger of an upcoming attack. However, just like wagging the tail, the fur on the dog’s neck is not at all clear!
Why does the dog bristle?
Raising fur is not behavior – it is an independent reaction of the dog’s body. Under the influence of strong emotions, the muscles on the back of the dog tighten, which results in a fur coat, called piloerection. This mechanism works identically to the formation of emotion-induced goose bumps in humans. In domestic pets, however, it plays a much more important role. The dog’s fur protruding up makes the animal appear bigger and more dangerous. Therefore, it serves dogs as a defense mechanism that is supposed to deter potential threats. Erect fur on a dog can be seen not only on the nape of the neck – some quadrupeds also have hair at the base of the tail, and even along the entire spine!
Piloerection occurs in all dogs, regardless of breed. However, in some quadrupeds, such as chow-chow, pomeranian, poodle or Chinese crested dog, they may not be visible due to the specific fur structure of these dogs.
What does the dog’s fur mean?
Raising dog’s fur on the back means one thing – our quadruped is experiencing very strong emotions. However, this is not synonymous with getting ready to attack. Here are other reasons why the dog’s fur stands up:
In assessing the true intentions of a bristled dog, all body language should be considered. The position of the ears, tail and manner of movement, as well as the context itself, can help us understand what caused quadrupedal piloerection. Erect fur on a dog, to which a stranger without a leash has just run, will most likely be a sign of surprise and uncertainty. Raising fur on the back during crazy fun can be a sign of huge quadruped arousal.
Welcoming guests at the doorstep is also a reason to eat – a combination of uncertainty and excitement is felt by almost every dog who hears the doorbell! However, if the animal waiting for the newcomer has a relaxed body posture and wags its tail horizontally, then most likely we have nothing to fear.
How to react when we see erect fur on a dog?
Emotions that accompany piloerection in dogs are not always dangerous for us. However, fear, excessive agitation or frustration can cause our pet to become reactive or react violently. Therefore, if we notice that our pet’s fur is rising, it is worth calming him down as soon as possible. It’s best to do this by taking the dog out of a difficult situation or distracting him. Lack of reaction on the part of the guardian may actually end in a row or bite, because the pooch simply will not withstand the tension.
Many dry foods contain corn. It is an extremely cheap raw material and source of carbohydrates necessary for the production of dry granules. Does this mean that dog corn is safe in any form? Let’s see!
Is dog corn a safe snack?
Corn in human cuisine occurs in many forms. From boiled cobs, through canned corn, to cornflakes, wafers and popcorn. Some of these snacks often also contain additional ingredients, such as salt, sugar or various spices. Is any of the corn delicacies safe for your home quadruped?
Without added additives such as sugar or salt, canned corn can be a safe variation on your pet’s diet. It contains protein as well as vitamins A, D, E and B vitamins. It is also rich in fiber, which has a positive effect on bowel function. So if your quadruped is crazy about seeing golden grains, you can treat it to them … Anyhow in moderation! Too much corn can cause diarrhea and other gastrointestinal disorders.
Corn on the cob
Biting a fresh, juicy corn cob may seem to be a great occupation for our pet. However, such a teether will not be suitable for a pooches! Pieces of the cob swallowed by the quadruped can irritate his stomach and even get stuck in his intestines and block them completely. If you catch your pet nibbling on a corn cob stolen from the kitchen, immediately take it from him! Watch your pet closely for the next few days, and if you notice signs of stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea or loss of appetite, go to the vet immediately.
Roasted corn kernels have many die-hard fans. Jadnak probably everyone who had the opportunity to try popcorn remembers how unpleasant souvenir leaves this snack! Hard shells of popcorn can dig into the gum really deep and cause extreme discomfort. For this reason, when sharing popcorn with a beloved pet, we should be really careful. The scale, which gets stuck under the dog’s gum, can go unnoticed for a long time and cause the animal to have a serious disease of the teeth or gums. These scales are also not digested by the quadruped and can irritate his stomach and intestines. Popcorn is also usually seasoned with a large amount of fat and salt, which are not recommended for our pupils.
Corn for a dog – yes or no?
Corn alone is not harmful to a quadruped and can be a wonderful but occasional delicacy for him. When giving her dog, however, you must remember that it should be free of salt, fat and spices. If we decide to treat our pet with corn, we must ensure that we give it to him in a safe form, i.e. as raw, single grains.
At the sound of the intercom, your quadruped leaps to its feet and – threateningly barking – moves to the door? Your friends are looking for more and more excuses not to visit you, because they have had enough of a snarling or jumping animal on them? We advise on how to solve these problems and teach a dog how to greet guests peacefully!
How to teach a dog how to greet guests peacefully?
Probably each of us would like his dog to be friendly towards everyone. This also applies to guests who visit our house – they have no bad intentions! However, the dog’s nature tells our animals something completely different …
A quadruped person entering a safe living space is often treated as an intruder and a serious threat. For most dogs, visiting guests, especially unknown dogs, is a huge stress. So there is nothing strange in the fact that at the sound of the door bell our quadruped is immediately in a state of readiness. The feeling of danger is often further intensified by the guardians themselves, who react to such behavior by shouting, pushing away the pet or applying punishments. However, learning how to welcome guests calmly does not have to be difficult. Just remember a few rules, and be patient and consistent.
Teach you alternative behavior
If you don’t want your dog – expecting guests – to run towards the door and bark barking, teach him another behavior. Treat the sound of an intercom or a knock at the door as a command to which your pet should respond in the way you specify. It can be sitting down, lying down in a kennel cage, catching the toy in the mouth … Anything that prevents him from doing unwanted adventure.
This behavior should be taught to the pet first „dry”, using verbal commands and rewarding generously. Only when our pet responds to them without any problem, can we connect them with a bell or knock, issuing a verbal command shortly after this sound. With a little consistency and attractive prizes, our dog will learn by himself that it is worth keeping calm when guests arrive.
Do not increase stress
Pushing with the dog at the door and shouting at him when he barks is an additional signal for the pet that something very bad is happening. The guardian’s nervousness quickly spreads to the quadruped, it intensifies his stress and makes him more responsive.
Therefore, even if your pooch is aggressive towards incoming guests, try to stay calm! If you are afraid that you will not be able to master the animal with strangers, invest in appropriate security. Inserting a baby gate in the door can be a solution that will allow you to remain calm. It will also prevent the pooch from jumping on guests or running up to the door.
Build positive associations
Serving dog teethers and kongas filled with pate or wet food during guests’ visits is one of the best ways to calm down a quadruped and reduce its stress. With such rewarding dog, however, be careful – especially when our pet defends resources. The presence of strangers can provoke a dog to defend its treasure.
Therefore, it is worth giving this type of prize to a dog in a separate room, to which invited people will not have access. Guests visiting our house should also be instructed on how to behave in front of our pet, how to greet him properly and what not to do. The improper behavior of people visiting us can be an additional motivation for a pooch to defend his home against them!
Sometimes we want, taking a dog for a walk, that he runs smoothly and effectively. Especially if we’re in a hurry somewhere. However, it is in such moments that it takes an extremely long time for the quadruped to poop. It was as if he sensed our rush and did it on purpose! What’s the truth?
Why do we have to wait so long for a dog to poop?
Every experienced dog guardian has probably noticed that his quadruped will not be taken care of anywhere. Making a poop on a walk is a really complicated task for a pet! Domestic pets choosing the perfect place to squat can sometimes take so long that it is assumed that a quick walk turns into an unplanned trip. However, this behavior of dogs has its justification. Here are some reasons why a walking toilet may require such long hikes.
Time of day
Like most people, most dogs can’t do it on demand. The daily rhythm of the quadrupeds also includes the work of their intestines. The mere fact of going for a walk is not a signal to them that it’s time to poop. Therefore, if you expect your pet to defecate when going out with the dog for a walk, you can wait a long time. After some time, physical activity will obviously stimulate the dog’s digestive system. However, if this is not your typical poop time, you will need a longer walk for such effects.
Defecation requires attention from the quadruped. Therefore, the excess of surrounding stimuli on a walk can effectively knock him out of this state. Dogs running around, loud noises or traffic, to which the pet is not accustomed to everyday life, are often distractions, through which pooping goes to the background. Some quadrupeds tend to be extremely sensitive in this respect, and the search for a calm, perfect place to squat may take them a really long time. Excessive attention from the guardian, who tries to provide the dog with interesting attractions during the walk, can also effectively lead the animal away from the thought of having a bowel movement.
For such social animals as dogs, even pooping is a form of communication! Of course, this is not a chat during group crouching. However, leaving the droppings for some quadrupeds is just as important as pissing off various elements of the environment and is one way to announce your presence to other nearby animals. Dog droppings contain information similar to urine in their specific smell. They inform potential smugglers about the pooch’s sex, mood and health, which he has defecated in this place. The need to choose the perfect place to poop does not change the fact that dog droppings are – or at least should be – immediately cleaned by a guardian. After all, actions count!
Will you walk your dog until he poop? Your quadruped could have reviewed your plans and intentionally refrains from crouching! Most dogs learn really quickly and after just a few walks they notice that pooping is a signal for you that it’s time to go home. Dogs who understand this dependence will therefore deliberately delay settling in to walk as long as possible. Therefore, if you do not want your pooch to wait so long to poop, let him walk an extra piece before you take him home.
Are you planning to buy or adopt a little pooch? To avoid serious mishaps and many problems, first check if you know everything about puppies and if you have enough knowledge to cope with raising a young dog!
Do you know everything about puppies?
Here are 8 questions that will help you learn how well you know little puppies. Prepare a pen and paper to save the points you received for the answers you selected. After summarizing them, check if you already know everything about puppies. Good luck!
1. How many times a day should you feed a monthly puppy?
four times a day or more often (4)
at least three times a day (3)
the puppy should have permanent access to the food bowl (2)
once a day (1)
2. What to do if a puppy bites shoes or furniture?
offer him a dog’s teether or toy in return and secure his home appliances (4)
bury all things so that they have nothing to bite (3)
A sleeping dog can make a whole range of sounds – from a small snoring to … loud barking! Should we worry when our pet is barking in his sleep? What can the dog’s behavior mean and how should you react?
Why does the dog bark in sleep?
Every guardian of a dog who has had the opportunity to observe his sleeping pet, sometimes noticed that during sleep his pet makes various movements and makes strange sounds. Some quadrupeds can wave their paws as if they are running somewhere, move their noses, as if sniffing or even blink their eyes. Many pooches occasionally also bark in their sleep. All these behaviors occur when the dog is dreaming and is completely normal!
Scientists have proven that the brain of a domestic quadruped is extremely similar to the human and functions in an almost identical manner. It is also known that dogs can dream. Dreams occur in their sleep phase as in humans – in the REM phase. Their sign is various strange behaviors of sleeping dogs – it is by them that we will know that our quadruped has fallen into a deep, healthy sleep.
What is the dream of a dog that is barking in his sleep?
We will probably never know what our quadrupeds dream about. Barking can mean a dream about any situation in which our pet usually barks or would like to bark in reality. Running after the ball, intense fun with the guardian, chasing the cat or fighting with the hated dog neighbor are just some examples of events that make dogs bark. Not all of them are nightmares – some of them can be really enjoyable and exciting!
Wake up a dog that is barking in his sleep?
When our dog enters the REM phase, his body is in a mode of silence and regeneration, and in the dog’s brain processes are crucial for his psyche – memories and newly learned things are fixed, and the level of stress hormone decreases. So waking up a dog from a deep sleep is not only extremely unpleasant for him (just like for us!). Insufficient sleep or too frequent interruption of sleep can lead to memory, reactivity and excessive burden on the whole body. Therefore, if your pooch is barking in his sleep, you shouldn’t wake him up. Maybe he is dreaming about chasing a handsome hare or winning a fight with a villain who wanted to rob his guardian.
Bacon is a favorite delicacy of many people. After all, there is no better, truly filling breakfast than scrambled eggs on crispy bacon! When preparing dishes containing this fatty ingredient, we can see that it is equally tempting for our four-legged pupil … However, can we share bacon with a clear conscience and will it be safe for the pet? Can a dog eat bacon? Let’s see!
What is bacon?
To find out if bacon is the right snack for a home quadruped, we need to take a closer look at its composition. Pork bacon available in stores is fat tissue overgrown with muscles. On average, it consists of 10% protein and 53% fat. Raw bacon can be cooked, baked, smoked or fried with salt or other spices and additions.
Can a dog eat bacon?
Bacon is a really tasty snack for a dog – certainly no quadruped can resist it. However, when giving a dog such greasy delicacies you really have to be careful! Too much fat in the diet of a pet will not only lead to obesity that is dangerous to health. It can also cause severe diarrhea or even serious pancreatic disease, which will require long-term treatment. In addition, the spices and salt used to prepare the bacon-containing dishes can be harmful to the dog and result in digestive system disorders, kidney loads, and even severe intoxication.
If we are not able to refuse the pet this greasy snack, we must be careful. The bacon served to the dog should be primarily raw, free of spices and other additives. Very small amounts of bacon, occasionally served to a pooch, can, however, be a healthy addition to his diet. Pork fat contains ingredients valuable for dogs, such as omega-6 fatty acids. It is rich, among others, in arachidonic acid, which is crucial for the health of four-legged pets. However, too frequent administration of bacon to the dog will have more negative than positive effects. Therefore, the dog can eat bacon, but you need to be reasonable and moderate!
You don’t actually leave the house, you have a lot of free time and loneliness? It sounds like the perfect moment to take a puppy! However, while the coronavirus epidemic is raging outside, this decision should be particularly thought through. Much more than ever before!
# stay home – the best opportunity to get a puppy?
Everyone who has read a bit about the upbringing and needs of a puppy knows that a lot of attention must be paid to a young animal. Teaching cleanliness, building relationships and getting used to the house rules require a huge amount of time and commitment. We often can’t imagine coping with these challenges when we go out to work for a few hours every day. Responsible carers planning a puppy can even take a vacation from work to take care of the little pooches for the first days in their new home! So now, when we can’t leave the house because of the coronavirus, taking a puppy can be extremely tempting. After all, we do not go anywhere and we can provide the pet with everything he needs. Are you sure?
We must remember that the COVID-19 epidemic does not end with having to sit at home. Because of the coronavirus, we may have very difficult access to some services – including those that may be necessary when we take a puppy. Restricted access to the vet can end tragically for a pooch if he develops one of the often lethal diseases for puppies. All the more so, we will not go to the clinic with the charges for an acquaintance visit that could prevent the consolidation of fears related to the vet in the future.
Not only treatment can be a problem!
During the epidemic, we will not use a dog’s kindergarten, behaviorist’s advice or socialization classes. The need to keep a distance from people passing by and fewer people on walks can protect our quadruped from unpleasant runners, but at the same time prevent him from controlled contacts with peers. Such deficiencies in socialization may later result in serious disorders – timidity, reactivity, and even aggression towards other dogs. Due to the new restrictions, we will not be able to accustom our puppy to travel by public transport or the crowd at the appropriate stage of development. Limited possibilities of leaving a puppy alone at home can also contribute to the development of separation anxiety that is difficult to combat. However, the greatest risk is the possibility that the guardian will get coronavirus. Frequent going out with the puppy outside is the perfect opportunity to accidentally touch the button in the elevator of an infected person. If we get to the hospital in connection with COVID-19, who will look after our newly picked puppy?
A good moment to get a puppy?
The decision to take a puppy during a coronavirus epidemic should be thought through carefully, taking into account all the pros and cons of this idea. If we have the right knowledge to raise a pooch ourselves and we are sure that if we need to get to the clinic, we can consider extending the family with a four-legged one. However, if this raises our doubts, we should wait with the puppy until everything returns to normal.
It is well known that dogs need more hours of sleep than people do. Puppies can sleep up to 20 hours a day, and adult dogs on average 12-14 hours. If your four-legged friends lack sleep, they can become overly emotional, stressed and hyperactive. It happens, however, that a person wants to sleep, and the dog interrupts his tasty sleep, starting to wake him more often in the middle of the night. What are the reasons for this and what can you do about it?
When we look for the reason for the night wake up, we must start by excluding all medical factors. If our four-legged friend wakes us up more often in the middle of the night, because we need to get rid of, it is worth checking with the vet why these urinary urinary problems. It may turn out that the pet suffers from serious urinary tract diseases, and then there is nothing to delay. Urinary tract infections can be very dangerous for the dog. The veterinarian should see the patient carefully, order laboratory tests and, if necessary, perform ultrasound of the kidneys and abdomen. Anyway, if we see any changes in the dog’s behavior, it’s always worth starting to look for the reasons by checking your health.
A place to sleep
If everything is good in health, then consider whether the problem is not in the place to sleep. Some dogs are very sociable and may want someone to sleep close to them. If you don’t allow your dog to sleep in bed, you can set his lair so that he can see you. Perhaps the problem is that he has them set up in a completely different room and when he wakes up at night, he starts looking for you. It may also be that the dog will just be scared at night and will seek your support by coming to the bedroom.
Certainly, the best solution is to teach a dog to sleep in his place from a puppy age. If we do not want him to sleep on the bed, but also do not want him to force us to get up in the middle of the night, let’s put a lair or a blanket under the bed. Sometimes it is enough to reach the pooch again quickly to fall asleep. Later, you can teach your puppy more independence. Let’s be careful, observe where the pooch is most likely to lie down and, wherever possible, of course, set up a den. Probably this place is the most comfortable for him to sleep.
It is difficult to give only one or two tips as to where to sleep, because each dog is different and it is worth watching if he wants to tell us something. Or maybe you sleep in a closed bedroom, and your dog feels like night wandering and sleeping in different places? Maybe he’s just too warm? Leave the bedroom door open and give it a choice. Maybe this will stop him waking you up at night. One more clue might be this: some dogs feel safe in their „mink”, that is, in the Kennel cage. If an adult pooch has trouble finding a place at night, you can think of such a cage and cage training. The cage must be properly introduced so that the dog actually associates it as a friendly and safe place. This is supposed to be asylum for him. A place that is only his and that no one else can enter.
Or maybe your dog is bursting with excess energy and cannot sleep? Analyze the plan of the day and see if your pet has enough movement, training and tiredness of the dog’s mind. Tire him with various games. Run his reliable nose. The dog, when working with a nose, gets tired much faster after such work. So give him attractions related to sniffing. It is very important that the dog has a daily dose of physical and mental activity. If you set the dog’s schedule well and introduce the appropriate rituals, then the dog will go to sleep at a specific time – tired and happy.
A daily schedule and a good night’s sleep can upset your dog’s instincts. A bitch in a liquid can be more sensitive, and a non-castrated dog, feeling a dog friend from a cage next to it, can be so aroused that he will not be able to sleep either during the day or at night. In addition, he can begin to express his emotions with his voice. Sometimes there is nothing else but herbal supplements for stress and stimulation. However, even giving this type of stuff should always be consulted with a veterinarian.
The dog always sends signals that are worth reading well. The sooner you understand why your four-legged friend wakes you up in the middle of the night, the sooner you can solve the problem and return to a peaceful, normal sleep.
For our pets, movement and various exercises are very important. If, in addition, the dog happened to gain some weight in the winter season, because the beloved guardian allowed him to become lazy a bit, it is worth ensuring more movement for health in the spring. Diet is not everything – good fitness counts! In addition, the common, daily play of the guardian with the dog outside makes his happiness level increases. Here are five ideas on how to start a dog in the spring.
If your pet likes to swim and the temperatures are right, you can take him to the water. Remember that the place where the dog will swim should be safe and reasonably clean. Dirty water can contribute to catching fungi, bacteria or just cause skin irritation. In some cities there are even special pools for dogs. However, this obviously involves an appropriate fee for such attractions. You can take your dog to a pond, lake or river. Just check beforehand if your pet can swim in the given place so that it doesn’t end up with a ticket.
If you live near the sea, you are lucky. You can go to the „dog beach” and go crazy with the dog at will! And if you do not live so close to the rippling water … Maybe a good idea would be to plan a joint picnic with a dog on the Baltic Sea? Why not! However, if your dog has never swam, start with waters that can be entered gradually and that are not too deep.
Whatever you choose, remember that swimming is a great activity for a dog. He trains all his body – all muscles. Works well on joints. Just never do anything by force. If your dog doesn’t want to swim, give him time. You can easily try to encourage you to enter the water in a nice tone, but never, never throw it in. The dog can not only get scared, but also drown in extreme cases. Yes, there were cases of drowning dogs that were suddenly thrown into deep water. That’s why everything is calm …
2. „You go, I’m running!”
If you want to get your dog moving in the spring, cycling trips are a good way to spend time together. If you teach a dog how to run next to a bicycle, you can both have fun! However, it is important to prepare well for this, both in terms of equipment and condition. As for the first one, it is worth investing in proper side mounting.
On the market today you can find a large selection of bicycle sets that consist of a suitable bicycle holder and bicycle leash. Often the leash is with reflections. These sets are distinguished by a spring shock absorber and a spacer bar to which the leash can be attached. Such sets help us safely ride with a pet at our side. Remember to buy special braces for running around the bike.
And when it comes to the latter, i.e. fitness, then of course you should start with very short routes. It’s also good to go jogging together before your carer changes to a bicycle. Warming up your dog’s muscles is very important. It is not possible to arrange him trips for many kilometers at once. There will be time for everything. Always carry water for your dog – just like any other activity. It is also important that you stop from time to time. And what if you have a very young or already very old pooch that you would like to take on a bike trip? You can invest in a special trailer. It is true that riding in it does not start it, but although it will be fun to spend time together with you in the fresh air! Especially that with this trailer you can get to some place very attractive to the dog, where he will be able to come and sniff. More intense movement is recommended only for dogs that already have well-developed joints – that is, dogs that have reached puberty.
3. An active walk with delicacies in the background
How else can you start a dog in spring? An interesting form of spending time together is an active walk that moves not only the dog’s paws, but also the dog’s mind. You can play with your dog in the so-called tree of delicacies. Take a lot of goodies into the sachet, preferably those that you can stick to the bark of trees. Go together to the area where quite thick and powerful trees grow. Treat delicacies gently into the crevices of the trunks in various places, but not too high so that the dog can easily reach for them. If you do this, let the dog sit behind you. He can seek goodness on signal.
This type of fun will make your dog more attractive by simply walking, but also help in building relationships with you and listening to you in the field. The dog is to sit and wait until the delicacy tree is ready. Also remember to teach your dog how to delicately pull off delicacies – the point is not to damage the bark.
There are dogs made for retrieval, but there are also those that do not want to carry anything in their mouths. If your dog loves to retrieve, you can think about outdoor activities under the guidance of an instructor. Dummy is a sport primarily ideal for retrievers who have a soft grip and love to bring something to the guardian. As you can read in the competition regulations, dummy is „promoting work with a retriever, improving his innate traits typical of a retriever, and teaching a dog to work with a guide and remain under his control. Special attention should be given to the excellent relationship between the dog and the handler and to the obedience of the dog, even if the dog is at a considerable distance from the handler. „
Do you have a golden retriever, flat or labrador? You can think about such classes in the spring! Dummy requires work in the field and in water over a larger space. At the basic level, it’s easy. If you do not want to, you do not have to take part in competitions, but simply treat these classes as joint, great fun that will strengthen the dog’s trust in you.
You don’t have a retriever at home or you don’t want to play dummy? Teach your dog how to fetch correctly during your walks together. Any toy can be a retriever, but preferably one that the dog will easily maintain and which you will only use for this activity. You can teach your pet how to retrieve in small steps. Start by learning how to catch a toy. The next step is to learn to donate. Only at the very end teach the dog to fetch from a greater distance, sit in front of you and give it to you. This is great fun not only for retrievers, but for any dog who likes to wear anything in his mouth. Does not like? Give it a try! First, play with the toy yourself and show how cool it is! If he sees that you have something wonderful, he will probably be interested in it. And then start learning to fetch …
To get your dog moving in the spring, you can think of dog trekking. You do not have to participate in professional, multi-kilometer competitions to feel its substitute. Dogtrekking events are organized more and more often in various cities, but they are not as demanding as competitions, in which time, distance and difficulty of the route are very important. Often, such events are combined with a collection for some purpose, e.g. a dog shelter. They are not about long distances, but about great fun of the guardian with the dog, which in addition can support some good work. So let’s follow on the internet where such events are organized.
Dogtrekking is an unusual walk with a pet, because at the start you get a map with checkpoints. You must visit each of these points before you reach the finish. At charity events with dogtrekking in the background, the routes are really short. Sometimes a longer route can be chosen if this option exists. It is to be, above all, a great time that moves us a bit and gives everyone a lot of joy. If you decide to choose a dog for such an event, it will definitely be unforgettable!