Love alone is not everything! In the care of the dog, well-chosen dog accessories are also important – without them no dog will be happy. However, not everyone can choose the best equipment for their quadruped. Check with us your knowledge of everyday things needed for your dog and find out if you make any mistakes!
Which dog accessories are best for a quadruped?
Here are 8 questions that will test your knowledge of dog accessories. Prepare a pen and paper to save the points assigned to your answers. After the test, go to the last page to find out if you are an expert in dog equipment and toys. Good luck!
1. Which bowls are the healthiest for a dog?
old pots (1 point)
plastic (2 points)
metal (3 points)
ceramic or glass (4 points)
2. What length should be the leash for a large dog?
maximum meter – no more walking required (1 point)
When a tooth hurts, we go to the dentist. When we see that we have a stone, the same – we go to a specialist to remove it as soon as possible. What about dogs? They won’t say, „I have a toothache, I need help.” But in their own way they show us that something is wrong. It’s good to know how to read these signals well before it’s too late. So what to do when your dog smells bad?
Diseases of the oral cavity tease four-legged pets no less than us. However, the dog can withstand this pain for some time. So it’s good to check your dog’s teeth regularly, even if nothing seems to happen. It is best if we teach our dog commands such as „examination” to be able to view his teeth freely. By systematically taking care of our pet’s teeth, we can save him many unpleasant experiences.
Observation is essential
Dogs can cope with mouth pain for a long time. And as they show with their whole heart that something hurts them, it can’t do without professional help. The guardian must therefore carefully watch his dog and catch any, even small changes in his behavior.
If a dog eats less, it does not necessarily mean that he does not like the food and needs to change his diet. This may mean that something is starting to happen in his mouth. The dog can cope with discomfort when hungry, shifting food from one side of the cavity to the other. Sometimes he can chew longer and even spit food out of the bowl. If it is additionally connected with the fact that he is reluctant to play with teethers, and for this he no longer wants to play with a jerk, it may be a signal for us to check the condition of his teeth and go to a specialist for control. If this dog smells bad, it is almost certain that our four-legged friend can face inflammation in the mouth. This unpleasant smell is caused by a very large number of bacteria.
What about this stone?
If we see that tartar has already accumulated in our pet, we must act. It is worth going to a specialist for any worrying change in the mouth. There are clinics that specialize in animal dentistry. When we go to the appointment, the veterinarian will assess the condition of the dog’s gums and surrounding tissues and decide if you can talk about the disease or not yet. And if so, is the disease already advanced. He will also tell you what the further treatment of the four-legged patient should look like.
Medium tartar does not necessarily mean gingivitis and periodontal disease, but it can certainly promote bacterial plaque accumulation. And it is she that is the key factor that causes diseases in the mouth. Sometimes the veterinarian finds that the stone is small enough that you do not need to take a photo removal, but it is already visible. Then usually recommends that you clean your dog’s teeth daily with a brush and special preparations.
Anyway, we can take care of such oral prophylaxis ourselves before we notice anything. There are many preparations on the market that contain antibacterial substances. There are also special teethers that help keep your dog’s teeth in good shape. Unfortunately, when we see that the stone is already large, it is necessary to perform the removal procedure along with the bacterial plaque. This is done using ultrasound. If we don’t do this, the disease can progress. Our pet will feel more and more pain, the gum line will lower and pus will be noticeable. And then it requires more intervention. It is worth trying to prevent such a state when it is necessary not only to sanation the pet’s mouth, but also other, more advanced dental activities.
Prevention is better than cure
Sometimes the guardian will ignore all this and the dog will have a damaged bone that holds his teeth. What could the worst consequences be? I guess you can guess – sometimes there is no other choice but to extract the tooth. That is why it is worth taking care of the good condition of our pets’ teeth – regularly check their mouths, give them good-quality teethers and brush their teeth.
If we take care of the dog’s teeth and – if necessary – quickly remove tartar, our pet will not only have a beautiful smile, but will also enjoy meals without pain. What is more important in having a dog than caring for his health? After all, we want him to be with us as well as possible. We go to the dentist for control, so let’s allow our pet to visit them – only with an animal dentist.
Dog food manufacturers have noticed that every responsible carer wants the best for their pet. This also applies to nutrition – more and more often owners are looking for food with good ingredients that contain valuable functional additives. What unique ingredients can a dog food contain? What are their health promoting properties?
Unusual ingredients of dog food
It cannot be denied that homemade quadrupeds feel best on a diet containing large amounts of meat – regardless of whether it will be wet food, dry or homemade food. However, it turns out that plant supplements can have many unusual properties. Here are some ingredients of dog food that will provide our dog with unique health benefits.
Banana is a fruit that is completely safe for the dog. Is a source of fiber that improves bowel function. However, this is not all – bananas also contain vitamin B6 and valuable micro- and macroelements, such as potassium and magnesium. Thanks to them, bananas support the growth of strong bones and facilitate the absorption of other vitamins. These fruits are more and more often found in dog food, both wet and dry.
Information on avocado toxicity to dogs is true. However, highly harmful persin is found only in the peel and stone of this fruit. The pulp itself is completely safe! It contains n-3 fatty acids and antioxidants, such as lutein, positively affect the coat and skin of quadrupeds, and also support the functioning of the immune system. Avocados are also a source of B vitamins, vitamin E, potassium and folic acid.
Pumpkins are more and more often found in dog feed – and that’s good! It contains not only healthy fiber and a small amount of carbohydrates. The addition of pumpkin to the diet supports the functions of the urinary system, the proper functioning of muscles and the appearance of fur. Pumpkin also contains antioxidants, including vitamin E and carotene, which are known for their anti-cancer effects. The addition of cooked and crushed pulp is an irreplaceable support during treatment of diarrhea and constipation in dogs.
4. Mojave yucca
Also known as Yucca Shridigera, the plant has many health-promoting activities. Its small addition to food supports the absorption of nutrients, regeneration of the intestinal mucosa, improves digestion and cleansing the body. Mojave yucca also contains saponins and polyphenols, which can reduce inflammation in the joints. This plant can be added to feeds in the form of an extract or juice.
Cranberry is a source of fiber that regulates the digestive tract. It also contains many powerful antioxidants that act to protect the circulatory system and support the immune system. Acidic fruits also protect the urinary tract against the development of harmful bacteria and care for the proper pH of the urine. Due to the high content of vitamin C, they are a great addition to the diet, especially for dogs that are struggling with various types of infections.
Unusual ingredients of dog food is the same health!
The presence of some ingredients in dog food can surprise us. However, after a closer look at their properties, it turns out that they are a really valuable addition in the quadruped’s diet!
Small puppies are very charming – no one can resist their innocent look! Toddlers love to play, get to know their surroundings and … bite everything that is within their mouth! Living with an inquisitive puppy who literally takes everything in his teeth can be really frustrating. Especially when the quadruped equipped with a number of small heels liked to bite human hands. Can you teach a puppy to bite his hands? Here are some ways you must try if you live with a little dog piranha!
Can you teach a puppy to bite?
Small dogs explore their surroundings in many ways – smell, sight, hearing … and teeth. Taking different things in the mouth is a completely natural dog behavior. This does not mean, however, that we should allow puppies to destroy household items and treat our hands like a teether. Fortunately, there are several methods by which you will be able to control the destructive drive of your young pet.
Provide pooch access to teethers
If you want to teach your puppy to bite the wrong things, buy him a variety of toys on which he will be able to escape his destructive inclinations. Don’t limit yourself in the quantity or variety of dog chews. The pooch walking around the house encounters many objects that should not hit his teeth. Shoes, books, TV remote control or flowers standing on the floor are frequent victims of pin-sharp mollusks. Make the four-legged dog circling around the apartment equally often find objects that are intended for him. If you notice that the pooch has chosen a teether from other domestic temptations, immediately praise him with great commitment – definitely more than when you run to save slippers from a small mouth! Show him that biting dog toys is something you really enjoy!
Tempt him with an escaping jerk
Moving objects are extremely tempting for puppies. That is why they like to grab us by the legs, shoes and the robe belt that stretches across the ground. The best way to protect yourself from a small predator’s attack is to provide it with an equally attractive alternative. Made of material, a puller pulled across the ground can successfully become a victim for small dog teeth. It is worth carrying such a dog toy with you around the house – thanks to this, when moving from room to room, we can always offer it to a puppy and thus protect our legs and slippers from biting. This solution is also ideal if there are small children in the house who are afraid of nibbling at the pooch.
Redirect his attention
With a puppy shot on biting, even stroking him can be very difficult – any hand movement can provoke him to sink his teeth into our skin. To teach your puppy to bite his hands, it’s best to direct his attention to the right toy in every situation. In the case of real dog piranhas, it’s a good idea to be equipped with a teether every time you approach a quadruped. Thanks to this, we will have the opportunity to reward him for appropriate behavior.
What not to do to teach a puppy to bite?
Some frustrated guardians of nibbling puppies resort to inappropriate, harmful methods. Some of them are: turning the pooch on his back and holding it in this position, clenching his mouth or stuffing his fingers in his throat. Building bad associations with our hands can result in many serious problems later in life with the dog! Also shouting at the dog or loud squeaking during the bite often has a different effect than we expect. Shot with such noises, a puppy can bite even harder – just like during a violent ripping of hands from its mouth.
Lower urinary tract diseases, such as infections or urolithiasis, are bothersome ailments affecting many dogs. Unfortunately, it is not so easy to recognize them in an animal – the symptoms are not very characteristic and many owners may overlook that their pet has a problem. What to look for and how to help your dog?
Why do dogs get sick?
It is generally believed that older dogs are most at risk of lower urinary tract disease. True, they are at risk, but it is not only the elderly that are sick. Even cystitis can affect any dog - all it takes is for the bladder to get germs that, when multiplied in the urinary tract, cause bacterial cystitis.
With another disease – urolithiasis – it is often the case that dogs get sick, who rarely have the opportunity to settle down or drink too little water. Improper nutrition of a dog can also contribute to the formation of a high concentration of minerals in the dog’s urine.
Symptoms of lower urinary tract disease
Although the symptoms are non-specific, it’s worth knowing what should get our attention. A dog that may suffer from lower urinary tract disease will show various unusual behaviors.
urinates extremely often, though in small amounts
does not urinate at all
is trying to urinate, although it has no effect
intensely licks around the urethra
it can be seen that urination (or even attempts alone) causes the dog pain
you can see blood in your urine
the dog has no appetite or suddenly behaved differently
What will help in the treatment of diseases of the lower urinary tract?
If your veterinarian finds that your pet is suffering from cystitis or urolithiasis, he will definitely recommend appropriate treatment. But for both dogs that have already fallen ill as well as prophylactically, it is worth giving dogs an effective dietary supplement. Such a proven product is Biourinex canis, a supplement supporting the functions of the urinary system. It was created in accordance with the latest trends – based on substances of natural origin that work effectively and at the same time safely. What ingredients have a positive effect on dogs who suffer from lower urinary tract diseases?
It has been studied that glucosamine (in combination with cranberry extract) has an adjunctive effect in acute cystitis, as well as in dogs who suffer from it chronically or the disease often recurs. Glucosamine hydrochloride also prevents the accumulation of various crystals in the bladder, thereby preventing the development of inflammation.
Cranberry is an extremely valuable ingredient. It inhibits the adhesion of microorganisms to the epithelium of the urinary tract, which hinders the development of the disease. To prove this, an experiment was conducted. A group of dogs were given cranberry extract tablets for 3 weeks. The second group of dogs – control – did not receive this supplement. Then urine samples were taken from all dogs and checked which dogs would be susceptible to infection by E. coli. It turned out that dogs that received cranberries were resistant 3 hours after the first dose! But the highest defense activity against cranberry infection was observed after a week of using the extract tablets. Control dogs were susceptible to infection with microorganisms that cause lower urinary tract diseases.
Parsley extract has a diuretic effect in animals. This is important because it facilitates getting rid of dangerous crystals from urine.
Effective fight against diseases of the lower urinary tract
Biourinex canis is effective in fighting urinary tract disorders. Because it contains cranberry extract, bacteria have limited ability to colonize in the dog’s urinary tract. Glucosamine soothes inflammation and protects the mucosa. In turn, parsley extract, which has a diuretic effect, helps mechanically clean the urinary tract.
A supplement with this composition is safe for dogs, and also willingly accepted by them. It works effectively not only by supporting the treatment of lower urinary tract diseases, but also prevents diseases from this group.
Probably everyone who lives with a dog has a habit of talking to him. And it’s not just about issuing commands – we praise our home pets, encourage them to play or call for a snack also with words! Furry pets also often become the confidants of our most hidden secrets. It has long been known that talking to a dog is not only meant to give him important information. It is also a great tool for building mutual relations and strengthening close relationships. However, sometimes we wonder how we should talk to the dog. Do you use a normal voice for this? Can he chatter like a small child? British scientists decided to study it!
How we used to talk to the dog?
In countries where dogs are treated as close friends, pets have a tendency to speak to pets in a high tone and in a rhythmic manner. So exactly as we used to talk to young children. No wonder – the pooches have become so close to us that we often treat them as an innocent, dependent on us family member. Their big eyes and lovely faces release us in such emotions as seeing a child. So naturally, we try to use such means of communication that we instinctively use to establish relationships with an infant. However, is this really correct?
A special way of speaking, called maternal speech, supports speech development and establishing relationships between the child and adults. It is well known that this type of speech is similar to the way people talk to their dogs, ‚says Katie Slocombe, a psychologist at the University of York.
Previous studies by British scientists have shown that adult dogs are not too interested in our chatter. However, the same group of experts decided to repeat the experiment in slightly changed conditions …
How to talk to a dog?
In a previous study, quadrupeds listened to recordings of voices coming from the loudspeaker, without the presence of a human. This time the scientists decided to place two people in the same room who were holding loudspeakers in their hands. There was a recording from one of the speakers, in which a person used motherly speech, uttering sentences typical for communication with a quadruped (praise, encouragement to play). From the second speaker came sentences spoken in a normal tone and of non-dog significance. The pooch kept on a leash was released slowly after hearing both recordings. His behavior was recorded using a camera.
We know how to talk to a dog!
After analyzing the recordings, it turned out that the dogs showed much more interest in the person who was holding the speaker with the recording of motherly speech! The quadrupeds were more eager to look at her, and when unleashed, they came to her more often. On the other hand, they were much less interested in the other person who used words unrelated to dogs in a normal way. These studies have shown that dogs pay more attention to people calling them a higher, cheerful tone. It is this way of speaking that can positively affect the relationship between the quadruped and the guardian.
Dog sport is becoming increasingly popular. More and more dog keepers are deciding to start the adventure with obedience. What’s more, it is not only a sport, but also fun for both the animal and its guardian. Aleksandra Adamska, a player and obedience instructor, talks about dog sport.
Dog sports are becoming more and more popular. One of them is obedience – a sport that requires great obedience. What is the history of this sport?
It is true, for several years, there has been an increase in awareness among people. Guardians see that going out for a short walk three times a day with your dog may not be enough. They look for alternatives to satisfy the dog’s need for activity and build a better relationship with him. And so they get to dog sports. Obedience was founded in the mid-twentieth century, and the first World Championships were held in 1995 in Stockholm. However, this dog sport came to Poland a little later. In 2004, the first competition in this discipline was organized in our country. However, 2 years later we put up our team at the World Championships that took place in Poznan.
Since then, obedience has been gaining popularity every year, and the last few years have been a real breakthrough. We started sending full representation, i.e. 9 players, to the World Championships, we have our representatives in the final, we invite the best coaches from all over Europe and World Champions to conduct seminars in Poland. Thanks to this, every year the level of our players increases and we have more and more good coaches who popularize obedience in our country.
Is this dog sport for everyone or are there any contraindications?
Certainly it is a sport for patients who are creative and inquisitive, are not afraid of challenges and want to get joy and satisfaction from working with a dog. This is not a job for people who only want to achieve the effect. So much for people. When it comes to dogs, any dog can train obedience – it is only important that he is tested and healthy before exercising. Obedience, despite the fact that at the beginning it may seem like a fairly stable sport, also has a lot of elements that require the dog’s activity, speed and agility. That is why it is so important for the pooch to be healthy.
It is also important that the dog is motivated and willing to work with the owner. It is worth working with the dog at the beginning on the basics of work, strengthening the motivation and relationship between the guide and the dog and only then go to obedience training.
So how do you start your adventure with obedience?
Obedience can be started with a dog of all ages. All exercises can be adapted to the age and physical and mental capabilities of the dog. It is good to go to obedience competitions, workshops or training run by an experienced competitor or instructor before starting your exercise with your dog. Thanks to this we will be able to see how it looks live and what the judges pay attention to during the competition. It is also worth looking for blogs or articles on obedience and general work with dogs on the internet. It won’t hurt to read the regulations of the Kennel Club in Poland or watch films from competitions and trainings of various competitors.
However, nothing can replace work under the guidance of an experienced trainer. Ideally, if such a person is also a player and regularly trains with his dogs and goes to competitions and seminars. Thanks to this, it is constantly developing and is up to date with regulations and new methods of training in terms of obedience. The instructor will also tell us how to develop a dog’s motivation. In addition, he will choose the right learning methods for the animal and show what to look for. This will prevent us from learning something incorrectly. Errors are later much more difficult to work through than teaching the dog to do the exercises correctly from the beginning.
Do older dogs also have a chance to succeed in this discipline?
Yes of course! Often dogs aged 7-8 are even in top form and win the World Championship. This is the age in which, after many years spent together and many hours on the training ground, they have a very strong bond with their guide. Thanks to regular exercise, they are also in a very good physical shape, they are structured in their heads, and the motivation to give their best is not lacking. However, we must always pay attention to the health of the dog. If his behavior suddenly changes for no reason, it may be a sign of health problems.
What do obedience competitions look like?
Obedience competitions take place in four classes. Class 0 is for beginner dogs, classes 1 and 2 for more experienced dogs, and class 3 for the most advanced dogs. To get promotion to the next class, you must get excellent on one competition in a given class. The obedience regulations state which exercises the guide and dog must do in each class – their difficulty and the time needed to perform them increases as the class increases. And so, for example, in class 0 we change the position of sitting and down when we are right in front of the dog, and in class 3 – we stand 15 meters in front of the dog and perform the positions sit, stand and down in any order chosen by the judge. So the level of difficulty of exercise in each subsequent class increases.
The competition lasts from 5 to 15 minutes. During this time, the dog can only receive verbal praise between exercises. We do not use food or toys to reward dogs in competitions. Therefore, it is extremely important that the dog wants to cooperate with the guide, and the work itself was a motivation for him to act. That is why we devote a lot of time to training in building motivation to work, we teach that the reward is not always immediately after the task is completed and we show dogs that training obedience is the coolest thing under the sun.
Why is it worth training dog sport? What can we gain from this?
When working with dogs, I love this unique bond and understanding that is created between the guide and the dog. The more we give from ourselves, the more we can derive from this relationship. Joint trainings teach us how to understand your dog. And dogs learn that it’s nice to work with your man, that you can trust him and feel safe with him. Thanks to this, living together – outside the training ground – is often easier and more pleasant. A properly tired dog that deals with various challenges in training is a much more polite dog.
Training obedience helps the dog cope better in various new life situations. We, thanks to obedience, can meet many fantastic people with whom we will share our passion. We can simply get great satisfaction from working with dogs. Each element learned or honed is our small success, which drives us to further work. When we fall in love with obedience, nothing will ever be the same. Obedience is not just dog sport – it’s also a way of life.
Aleksandra Adamska – player and obedience instructor, founder of the Poznań DOOG IDEA and guide of two crazy border collies – 6-year-old Basta and 2-year-old Bloom. She has been working with dogs for over 10 years. With his dogs he participates in competitions, on which she repeatedly stood on the podium, winning such titles as: Polish Vice-Champion Obedience class 1 in 2015 with Basta, II-vice champion of Polish Border Collie in class 3 in 2017 with Basta, Polish vice-champion Border Collie in class 1 in 2019 with Bloom.
Whether you want to solve your dog’s problem or train him in dog sports, you’re surely looking for the best specialist. Unfortunately, the profession of a behaviorist and a dog trainer is not regulated in Poland. So each person can be a specialist! How do you know that the trainer or behavioral dog we choose is the right person in the right place? Here are some tips!
A good behaviorist for a dog – how do you meet him?
Even a dog behavioral friend recommended by friends doesn’t have to be good! When choosing a specialist, nice websites, beautiful training photos or thousands of clients are not important either. However, if you do not have enough knowledge to assess the competence of a given expert – nothing is lost! The best way to find out who we’re dealing with is by observing how a person treats animals and listen carefully to what they are saying. If you can come to her classes and observe the training process before you start learning your dog, pay attention to some key issues!
It doesn’t duplicate domination myths
A behaviorist or trainer who explains your pet’s inappropriate behavior in attempting to dominate should be avoided by everyone. You should also run away from a „specialist” who recommends turning your dog over to his back to dominate him. Or he recommends putting the dog’s neck to make him more docile. Such ideas have nothing to do with real knowledge. Some proponents of domination theory also support dog fights that are designed to „hierarchy” or „position dogs.” Our doggy can derive from such situations that other dogs are terrible. So you have to defend against them, because you can’t count on your guardian’s help!
He doesn’t have to resort to violence
And it’s not just about spikelets, chokes or electric collars. Violence can also be what the dog is afraid of or hurts. A strong tug on the leash or suddenly stepping on it, screaming, hitting the paws, muzzle or jerking the neck are behaviors that should not appear in any behaviorist! A real specialist can solve dog problems without resorting to such solutions. So if you notice such behavior in your behaviorist … Run as far as possible!
Also observe the behavior of dogs during training and pay attention to whether the participating quadrupeds are relaxed. Symptoms of stress, such as ears pressed to the head, tail curled up, panting or turning the head are a clear sign that the pooch is scared. Also apathy and withdrawal from fear from the guardian and trainer or behaviorist testify that the animal is simply afraid of them!
He talks about the dog’s emotions
Behavior is not everything! A good behaviorist for a dog can explain what emotions and fears are behind the problematic behavior of a quadruped. His methods will not be based solely on eliminating bad behavior. A real specialist will also focus on solving the problem from a dog’s perspective. He will show you how to show your pet that dogs passing on walks are not scary, that they do not have to be afraid for their bowl and that they can always hide in a safe place when the situation in the home overwhelms him. This holistic approach to the problem is not only good for a pet. It also gives much better results!
He is constantly expanding his knowledge
A self-styled behaviorist for a dog is the worst you can find. Therefore, always choose those specialists who have completed the courses – primarily practical. Also watch out for those whose only education in this field comes from the last century. Also, a behaviorist or trainer training dogs in the past for the police or customs may not be suitable for you if he is not up to date with the latest knowledge of the dog’s psyche and emotions.
Behaviorist for a dog – choose him wisely!
A real specialist is an invaluable help in raising and solving problems of a home pet. However, the wrong person can do more harm than good! That is why caution is so important when choosing a person to entrust your quadruped. And remember! If, during classes or consultations, it turns out that something worries you or your pooch is feeling unwell, you can always give up and look for another expert!
Everyone knows what a German shepherd looks like. However, there are many types of shepherd dogs. Many years ago I took in a Polish lowland sheepdog. PON can graze sheep, cows and even geese. When an unruly animal moves away from the herd, such a dog immediately kicks him back. Our Alf opened all doors, even those with a ball-shaped handle, and on a family walk he ran around, making sure that the whole herd was included.
Many years later I adopted two Central Asian Shepherd dogs under my roof that belonged to the group of guarding shepherds. Their original purpose is to protect the herd against wild animals. They are alert dogs, often approaching strangers from a distance, usually quite independent. Ofra and Oriana bitches were to be guardians of the new home. Initially, they lounged on soft beds and spent some time in the garden. One evening they both refused to go home for the night. From then on, they slept during the day, and at night made their own garden rounds and guarded the house. The instinct of guarding, herding, but also the willingness to work with shepherds make them fulfill many useful roles today.
The most popular breed in Poland is a versatile German Shepherd dog called a ten-broom among dogs. Not only did he prove himself in film roles as Sharik or Civil, he is also a great lifeguard or drug detector. German shepherds are known that can search for corpses, even in mines, or such as Zoe and Lin, which in Afghanistan detected explosives, and after the war were trained to recognize prostate cancer by the smell of urine. However, the one who thinks that he will have such a wise at home is wrong.
The German Shepherd is a diamond in the rough – it requires a lot of work in raising it. This rule applies to every sheepdog, because everyone is intelligent, but man must organize his occupation. Collie is called a hardworking elegant, Dutch sheepdog is said to be a versatile workaholic, Belgian tervueren – beautiful and hardworking. Koolie is an endlessly devoted workaholic, and the Hungarian shepherd mudi is a calm workaholic, ready for action. There is also a worker from the Costa Brava, i.e. a Catalan shepherd, defender and sportsman – Belgian Shepherd Malinois or Australian Shepherd – shepherd, lifeguard and sportsman, as well as a Polish Tatra Sheepdog, appreciated in the United States, where he is an ostrich shepherd. The head hurts from this diversity of shepherds. Before you decide on any of them, remember that a dog hungry for work with lazy will not be happy.
1. Tatra Sheepdog
The white bear immortalized in the souvenir photos from the mountains is a typical shepherd dog. The most highlanders can be found in … Podhale, where highlanders have always used them to guard sheep. They have also become nice companion dogs, but you have to remember that from the innocent-looking white ball grows a beautiful, but large and strong animal ready to bravely defend the family. He has a big heart and is extremely protective of children, he also expects a lot of affection and demands caresses. This dog is balanced and calm before barking, he warns. It is better for him to live in a house with a garden, where he will be able to demonstrate his outstanding guarding skills. White hair has self-cleaning properties, but you need to care for it regularly.
Size: large dog, 60-70 cm long
Length of life: 12-16 years
Maintenance costs: 250-350 PLN per month
Price for a dog with FCI pedigree: PLN 1,500-4,000
Country of origin: Poland
2. Scottish long-haired shepherd dog
„Lassie, come back!” contributed to the popularization of the shepherd dog colloquially called. This dog is not only beautiful, but also extremely intelligent. He catches what is expected of him, and he has an excellent memory. He is of a nice disposition, devoted to his family. Calm and sensitive, he feels uncomfortable at home. Moderately active, but like any shepherd she doesn’t like boredom. He must be provided with longer walks and some additional occupation, e.g. agility can be practiced with him. In general, he is brave and alert, at the same time restrained against strangers, so he will work as a guardian. During World War I, collies were used as rescue and reporting dogs. They also work well as blind guides, assistants of the disabled and in dog therapy.
Size: medium dog, 51-61 cm long
Ointment: three-colored, blue, marbled
Length of life: 12-14 years
Maintenance costs: PLN 150-200 per month
Price for a dog with FCI pedigree: 2000-2500 PLN
Country of origin: Great Britain
Read more about this breed – CLICK!
3. Long-haired German Shepherd Dog
The long-haired German Shepherd variety, recognized by FCI in 2011, is gaining more and more lovers. This is a dog for an active person who devotes a lot of time to the pet. Thanks to this, he will gain a friendly and obedient companion of the whole family, who will always be ready to defend her. Alsatian is cheerful, spontaneous, loves walking, running and playing. He is distinguished by outstanding intelligence and the ability to track. It is used to search for people under debris or detect drugs. He learns easily, but needs clearly defined rules. Faithful and devoted, he becomes very attached to his guardian. Distrustful of strangers is a great, though quite noisy watchman. Only suitable for a balanced person with basic knowledge of dogs and an athlete’s fishing line.
Size: large dog, 55-65 cm long
Ointment: black, black and tan, elongated
Length of life: 11-13 years
Maintenance costs: 250-350 PLN per month
Price for a dog with FCI pedigree: 2000-3500 PLN
Country of origin: Germany
Read more about this breed – CLICK!
4. Welsh corgi pembroke
A small sheepdog with short paws, strong and compact at the same time, once used for herding cattle and sheep and for geese. From the 1960s, corgi were favorites of Queen Elizabeth II, hence their popularity as family dogs. They are energetic, cheerful and friendly towards all animals. Corgi likes children very much, he is gentle with them. His upbringing is not difficult – he is an intelligent dog, with great memory. It is necessary to be firm – because corgi, although small, sometimes wants to get their way – but always combined with gentleness. He is very barking, and at the same time brave and non-aggressive – will work as a guard dog. Active, smart and durable, he can practice agility, obedience and even dog trekking, because he runs fast.
Size: small dog, 25-30 cm
Ointment: red, tan-black, black and tan
Length of life: 12-15 years
Maintenance costs: approx. PLN 150 per month
Price for a dog with FCI pedigree: 2500-3000 PLN
Country of origin: Great Britain
5. Belgian shepherd malinois
He used to be a shepherd dog, now he works well as a defender, watchman or tracker. Intelligent and susceptible to training is used in the police, army, border guards. As a family dog, the raspberry is created for people who like challenges. Focused on cooperation with people, he constantly awaits tasks to be performed. He works with dedication in constant visual contact with the guide. He has inexhaustible energy from the second month to the end of his life. During upbringing, firmness and a nice approach to the dog are indicated. He is cordial, attached to his family, with a natural instinct for childcare. However, due to the spontaneity and resolute nature, he is not recommended as a play companion. This dog is hardy and hardy; tolerates bad weather.
Brachycephalic breeds of dogs are still very popular among dogs. However, more and more often one can hear about health problems posed by such a drastically shortened dog’s skull. The most serious are primarily breathing problems. Can anything be done to relieve a flat-faced pet? Is bulldog nose correction an operation worth doing?
Bulldog nose correction – when is it needed?
Breathing problems are a problem for almost all brachycephalic dogs. Loud wheezing, nightmare snoring and the risk of overheating are typical for French Bulldogs, Pugs, Pekingese, Shih-Tzu or Boston Terriers. All due to the specific shape of their airways – a small trachea, very narrow nostrils and an overgrown soft palate. These types of dogs therefore require constant vet control and special care.
In some cases, to help the pooch breathe, operations are carried out to correct these defects. One of them is the correction of the wings of the nose, called rhinoplasty. This operation is especially recommended for dogs in which breathing problems are really serious and in which symptoms such as:
bruising of the gums due to lack of oxygen,
loud wheezing as you breathe in,
lack of tolerance for even small physical exertion.
What is bulldog nose correction?
Rhinoplasty in dogs of brahycephalic breeds involves the removal of fragments of the nasal wings that cover the nasal passages. It is more and more often performed with the help of a laser, which allows for precise surgery and reduction of hemorrhage and swelling. Healthy pooches recover quickly after such surgery. However, you should watch them, because the stitched seams can itch and irritate. Therefore, the animal after such an operation should spend some time in the collar.
Does bulldog nose correction give good results?
Dog keepers who have undergone a nose correction procedure often observe spectacular effects! Especially if the procedure is combined with the shortening of the palate. Dogs snoring and wheezing so far often gain new life thanks to free access to oxygen, are more active and cheerful. So if you have a pooch with a flat muzzle that has breathing problems, check with your veterinarian if this will be right for you. Really worth!